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parenteral

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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000517395
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
...–87. 3. Mihatsch WA, Braegger C, Bronsky J, Cai W, Campoy C, Carnielli V, et al. ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR/CSPEN guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 2018;37(6 Pt B):2303–5. 4. Greber-Platzer S, Haiden N, Hauer AC, Lanzersdorfer R, Pietschnig B, Plank R, et al. Parenterale...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514751
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
...Key Messages Parenteral nutrition is a lifesaving therapy for newborn infants with congenital or acquired gut disorders or with prolonged feeding intolerance. Bridging parenteral nutrition for the very low birth weight preterm infant ensures adequate nutrient supply and reduces postnatal...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514763
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
...Key Messages Define parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis and intestinal failure-associated liver disease. Review population characteristics, clinical risk factors, and diagnostic algorithms. Appraise the evidence for the prevention and management of disease with a focus...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 82
Published: 02 November 2015
10.1159/000382005
EISBN: 978-3-318-05499-6
... prognosis and management. The advent of intravenous feeding (parenteral nutrition) in the 1970s enabled patients with massive (>90%) bowel resection to survive for the first time and to be rehabilitated back into normal life. To achieve this, central venous catheters were inserted preferably...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000375190
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... Parenteral feeding Intravenous alimentation Substrate requirements, parenteral Infant Child Key Messages • Parenteral nutrition (PN) is indicated when adequate nutrition cannot be provided orally or enterally • PN is not indicated in patients with adequate small intestinal...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365434
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... Abstract Lipid emulsions (LEs) used in modern parenteral nutrition formulations are indispensable sources of calories and (essential) fatty acids ((E)FAs). Several generations of LEs based on various FA sources have been developed, and issues related to their safe use deserve attention...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365608
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... Abstract Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) are an important component of the nutritional admixtures for patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for chronic intestinal failure (CIF). IVLEs are primarily used as a source of energy and essential fatty acids, and the content...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358460
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... suggests that the smallest babies are the most vulnerable to DHA deficiency and likely to reap the greatest benefit from high-dose DHA supplementation. Current nutritional management may not provide sufficient amounts of preformed DHA during the parenteral and enteral nutrition periods and in very preterm...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358466
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... Abstract Preterm infants have limited nutrient stores at birth, take time to establish enteral feeding, are at risk of accumulating significant nutrient deficits, and frequently suffer poor growth - all risks which are associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcome. Parenteral nutrition (PN...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341269
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
... Abstract Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a technique of nutritional support, which consists of intravenous administration of macronutrients (glucose, amino acids, and triglycerides), micronutrients (vitamins and trace elements), water, and electrolytes. Early studies indicate that the use of total...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 16
Published: 07 May 2012
10.1159/000332136
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9830-9
... or acquired disorders may result in IF. The advent of parenteral nutrition (PN) resulted in a dramatic improvement in life expectancy of patients suffering IF, but it has its own complications, such as PN-related sepsis. With our current understanding of the genesis of IF-associated liver disease (IFALD...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 12
Published: 07 August 2009
10.1159/000235675
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8978-9
... Abstract The meteoric rise in parenteral and enteral nutrition was largely a consequence of the development of total parenteral nutrition and chemically defined diets in the late 1960s and early 1970s and the recognition of the extensive prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition associated...
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Published: 07 August 2008
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-8607-8
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8607-8
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 59
Published: 31 January 2007
10.1159/000098530
EISBN: 978-3-318-01410-5
... Abstract Children are unique as their food intake must provide sufficient nutrients notonly for the maintenance of body tissues but also for growth. Improvements intechniques for nutritional support has resulted in very long term parenteral nutritionbeing available for those with chronic...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 10
Published: 15 February 2005
10.1159/000083302
EISBN: 978-3-318-01164-7
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