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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258448
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
...% of the children with the combined subtype did show at least one comorbid disorder [ 38 ]. The most prevalent comorbid disorders were Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD; 40-65%), Conduct Disorder (CD; 27-47%), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; 0-24%) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD; 13-21%), similar to rates...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 35
Published: 30 July 2007
10.1159/000106410
EISBN: 978-3-318-01496-9
... with various exogenous factors. Usingadvanced and accurate exposure assessment tools, recent epidemiological data indicate thatoccupational exposure to chemicals, primarily to aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons, is amajor risk factor to develop MF in men (odds ratio 4.6), while exposure to pesticides...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 186
Published: 14 August 2015
10.1159/000431164
EISBN: 978-3-318-05567-2
... sites with bulging deformity. Such infection did not occur for the entry sites with depressive deformity. The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between an entry site with bulging deformity and occurrence of access-related infection (odds ratio = 5.369, p...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313775
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... an adjusted odds ratio of 4.4 for mortality. We also conducted a retrospectively cohort study for patients admitted to a university-affiliated hospital in Australia [ 10 ]. In this study, patients were divided into 3 groups: pre-renal, ATN and no-AKI. Patients were classified in the no AKI group...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 178
Published: 01 February 2013
10.1159/000342029
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9989-4
.... These findings are controlled for a range of demographic factors as well as a woman's score on the Self Report Questionnaire-20 (which indicates a probable common mental disorder) [ 27 ]. Exposure to violence and odds of lifetime suicide attempts in women Table 2. Exposure to violence and odds of lifetime...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 63
Published: 17 March 2009
10.1159/000209973
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9010-5
... infections, malaria, and HIV, can cause intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Few studies have examined the contribution of prenatal factors including low birthweight to childhood wasting and stunting. Studies that have examined this, with adequate adjustment for confounders, have generally found odds...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 88
Published: 11 August 2005
10.1159/000087829
EISBN: 978-3-318-01233-0
... odds ratio for a new live birth inIvIg- versus placebo-treated patients with RM after a birth (secondary RM) was 1.60 (95%CI = 0.70-3.66). IvIg seems to be efficacious in patients with repeated second trimesterintrauterine fetal deaths since it significantly (p < 0.01) increased the live birth rate...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 58
Published: 18 August 2006
10.1159/000094838
EISBN: 978-3-318-01320-7
.... Evidence has also accumulated showing thatearly nutrition programs later obesity risk. Breastfeeding reduces the odds ratio forobesity at school age by about 20%, relative to formula feeding, adjusted for biologicaland sociodemographic confounding variables. We propose that the protective effect...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 23
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000362464
EISBN: 978-3-318-02700-6
... on disease risk (odds ratios of the order of 1.2 or less). International collaborative efforts, such as the International HapMap Project [ 17 , 18 ] and the 1000 Genomes Project [ 19 ], have provided invaluable insights to the structure of this common variation within ancestry groups. Specifically, common...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 28
Published: 25 March 2010
10.1159/000307083
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9405-9
... = 0.003; fig. 2 ) when the buzzer-shock pairings were randomly applied to the rats. Yawn rate in the period of buzzer noise alone was greater than in the first period of no punishment (p = 0.012) and the first period of buzzer-shock pairings (p = 0.004). The odds ratio for consecutive days...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493237
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... and found a strong association between the odds of osteoporosis by bone density and hyponatremia. This study pointed out that age-dependent decline in bone density may mask hyponatremia-induced bone loss. Multiple independent retrospective studies, epidemiological studies, and prospective clinical studies...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519391
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... without adverse effects, such as excess accumulation of fat or later increased risk of adverse metabolic outcomes. For example, in preterm babies more rapid linear growth between term-corrected age and 4 months has been associated with decreased odds at age 8 years of an intelligence quotient more than...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455215
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... odds ratios for the development of immunological disorders such as type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, asthma, allergic diseases as well as metabolic diseases such as obesity in babies born by C-section. These are interesting associations, and if supported by additional studies that rigorously control...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 61
Published: 16 June 2016
10.1159/000445243
EISBN: 978-3-318-03011-2
... majority of these studies are underpowered to detect contributions of small effect sizes (odds ratio <2.0). It is therefore critical that large data sets are collected and that consortia are established to effectively pool resources to understand the biological significance of these genetic loci...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 85
Published: 25 April 2016
10.1159/000439492
EISBN: 978-3-318-05643-3
... in infants fed the low-protein formula when compared to infants on the high-protein formula (p = 0.031). Weight gain was not inferior to the WHO growth standards. Longitudinal analysis of odds ratios from 4 to 12 months of age showed a lower incidence of infants with weight >85th percentile in the low...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 60
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000357332
EISBN: 978-3-318-02577-4
... and poor metabolism of lipids and glucose. Meta-analysis (10 studies) suggests there is a 112% greater relative risk associated with a large duration of sedentary behavior for type 2 diabetes. Meta-analysis also indicates significantly greater odds for metabolic syndrome. We also summarize results for 7...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 78
Published: 27 January 2014
10.1159/000354943
EISBN: 978-3-318-02531-6
... of the Child Health Reference Group (CHERG) and using 14 longitudinal birth cohorts and anthropometric measurements taken at 24 months of age, pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to examine the relationship between small for gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth and subsequent stunting and wasting...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 31
Published: 07 March 2013
10.1159/000345527
EISBN: 978-3-318-02272-8
... that it is a recent disease. Indeed, if schizophrenia had always existed, it would seem odd that Balzac's novel should be the very first convincing and complete literary account of the disease. This claim is examined by a thorough description of Louis Lambert's symptoms as they appear in the text, and compared...