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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
Volume: 26
Published: 05 October 2020
10.1159/000455733
EISBN: 978-3-318-06604-3
... fine-needle aspiration (FNA) procedures. Therefore, it is important to recognize the cytology of normal benign components of the pancreas and potential contaminants in order to render a correct diagnosis and avoid pitfalls. Normal components of the pancreas include ductal epithelial cells, acinar cells...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
Volume: 24
Published: 14 December 2017
10.1159/000479764
EISBN: 978-3-318-06141-3
...Hints of Breast Anatomy and Histology The mammary gland is located before the pectoral muscle and covered by skin. Normally, there are two mammary glands, one on either side of the sternum, but breast tissue or nipples may occur anywhere along the embryonic milk lines. The breast consists...
Book Chapter
Series: Fast Facts Collection 2017
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000491285
EISBN: 978-1-910797-57-0
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
Volume: 22
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475105
EISBN: 978-3-318-06077-5
... and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Electron microscopic examinations are most useful in the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (Birbeck granule) and selected cases of osteosarcoma (osteoid). Normal Elements and the Cytologic Features of Reactive Changes in Bone The normal cells that may...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455221
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... of early-life exposures and clinical practices, which may interfere with the normal compositional development of gut microbiota and thereby carry a risk of future disease. Josef Neu discussed dysbiosis in the neonatal period focusing on the mode of delivery. In point of fact, the rate of cesarean...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 45
Published: 21 March 2016
10.1159/000442273
EISBN: 978-3-318-02738-9
... (5.0-7.5 MHz) or using convex transducers. However, the lower portions of thyroid lobes in the case of large mediastinal goiters or ectopic parathyroids may be hidden to US assessment. Despite these limits, US remains the first-line technique for the evaluation of normal and abnormal thyroid...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438957
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have helped to explore the genetic determinants of the normal variation in pubertal timing, but have been able to explain only 2.7% of the variance in age at menarche, highlighting the involvement of multiple genes with small effect sizes...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 02 June 2015
10.1159/000375202
EISBN: 978-3-318-03004-4
... of the heart. This, in turn, provides crucial information when we seek to understand the normal development of the heart and, as a corollary, the causes of cardiac malformations. The question, nonetheless, justifiably arises whether this is of clinical relevance at all, the more because the general building...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 47
Published: 26 February 2015
10.1159/000369594
EISBN: 978-3-318-02775-4
... the structural and biological properties of normal hair. Although these study efforts have afforded a standard upon which to base comparisons, details surrounding other hair types, such as aging hair, have not been studied with such intensity. Those who have experienced aging hair first-hand are able to describe...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 26
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000363151
EISBN: 978-3-318-02721-1
... treatment in the current human thyroid system. In this first chapter an attempt will be undertaken to introduce normal thyroid physiology with an emphasis on thyroid evolution. The various diseases of the thyroid, especially the different variants of congenital hypothyroidism, which are linked...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 22 May 2014
10.1159/000358026
EISBN: 978-3-318-02397-8
...Highlights 1. Normal components in EBUS-TBNA include bronchial and tracheal tissue contamination, such as bronchial epithelial cells, reserve cells, goblet cells, squamous metaplastic cells, alveolar macrophages, mucus, cartilage, minor salivary gland-like tissue, and inflammatory cells...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 22
Published: 30 July 2012
10.1159/000326624
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9337-3
... and disease’ consistent with the so-called Barker hypothesis [ 6 ]. Here, our option is to discuss normal female pubertal development in the light of fetal determinants, considering that puberty and its timing reflect interactions between genetic and environmental factors early in life. Clinical Aspects...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 55
Published: 29 September 2010
10.1159/000321970
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9559-9
... of this condition to inflammation. This chapter examines the relationship between body composition and select adipocytokines: leptin, adiponectin, IL-6, TNF-α, and resistin, in overweight, normal weight and anorexic youth. Leptin, which stimulates energy expenditure and promotes satiety, is highest in overweight...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 38
Published: 06 May 2010
10.1159/000314389
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9311-3
... Abstract Knowledge of the normal anatomy of the airways in childhood is essential for any bronchoscopist undertaking paediatric studies. There are important anatomical differences that occur with growth, and normal variants need to be recognized. This chapter reviews the airway nomenclature...