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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509620
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... Abstract Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been used for its analgesic effects for chronic pain, including facial pain. Here, we summarize how the electrical stimulation of branches of the trigeminal nerve via TENS has been utilized to reduce pain resulting from trigeminal...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509621
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... Abstract Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) is a novel, minimally invasive and useful treatment modality. Its use in complex facial pain has been on the rise, and its utility will further increase with the advances in the technology and renewed interest in the field of peripheral...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509574
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... Abstract Trigeminal branch stimulation is a type of peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) used to treat a variety of craniofacial pain disorders. Common indications include trigeminal neuralgia, trigeminal neuropathic pain, trigeminal deafferentation pain, trigeminal postherpetic neuralgia...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509622
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... Abstract The introduction of peripheral neuromodulation to treat headache and facial pain two decades ago opened up the field to non-neurosurgical practitioners, given the relatively low risk and technical ease of the procedure. These procedures, primarily occipital nerve stimulation (ONS...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509653
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... Abstract Since its original introduction several decades ago, peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) of the craniofacial region has been traditionally performed using devices intended for spinal cord stimulation applications with inevitably high rate of technical challenges and procedural...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509665
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... for peripheral nerve stimulation, available until the last decade, utilised frequencies in the range 1–100 Hz. With the commercial introduction of 10-kHz spinal cord stimulation, there has been renewed interest in peripheral applications of kHz frequency neuromodulation. High-frequency biphasic stimulation...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 81
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000485542
EISBN: 978-3-318-06315-8
... Abstract Approximately 2% of congenital profound deafness cases are due to cochlear nerve (CN) deficiency. MRI is essential to confirm if the nerve is deficient, but because of limitations with resolution, especially when the internal auditory canal is narrowed, it is often unable...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
Volume: 22
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475101
EISBN: 978-3-318-06077-5
...Schwannoma Schwannoma is a benign nerve sheath tumor composed of Schwann cells. They are typically encapsulated and arise sporadically in the superficial or, less often, the deep soft tissues of the head and neck and the limbs. Schwannomas arise occasionally in the retroperitoneum, posterior...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 80
Published: 24 July 2017
10.1159/000470880
EISBN: 978-3-318-06065-2
... functional issues. With the advent of upper airway stimulation, and in particular hypoglossal nerve stimulation as a treatment option, a highly effective, clinically proven and functional therapy with good evidence is available. This article gives a comprehensive overview of current and upcoming hypoglossal...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 78
Published: 19 April 2016
10.1159/000442124
EISBN: 978-3-318-05802-4
... Abstract Facial nerve monitoring has been increasingly routinely used as an intraoperative adjunctive method to help the head and neck surgeon to identify and minimize facial nerve injury during parotid surgery. The goals, current applications, recent technical advances, and limitations...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442568
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
... of the front during World War I (WWI) contributed to a dramatic increase in knowledge about peripheral nerve injuries. Silas Weir Mitchell's original experience with respect to these injuries, and particularly causalgia, during the American Civil War was further expanded in Europe during WWI. Following...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434651
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) has been in use for over 50 years to treat patients suffering from chronic pain who have failed conservative treatments. Despite this long history, the devices being used have changed very little. In fact, current PNS technology was developed...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434652
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Despite a myriad of medical and surgical treatments for epilepsy developed over the past few decades, a large subset of patients remains refractory to treatment. Over this time period, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has become an accepted and viable treatment modality...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434653
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Chronic stimulation of the left vagus nerve (VNS) is commonly performed for different clinical conditions such as refractory epilepsy in children and adults, and major and bipolar depression. Despite more than 20 years of cumulative experience with VNS implantation, various surgery...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434654
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... for surgery or failed surgery. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) might be an option for these very refractory patients. We carried out an evidence-based search to identify the best evidence presently available related to the use of VNS. We used multiple searchable databases (primary: PubMed-MEDLINE, EMBASE...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434655
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Stimulation of the left vagus nerve is a novel antidepressive therapy that relies upon the vagal projections to the brain stem to modulate brain circuits involved in mood regulation. There is cumulative evidence from prospective and long-term studies that has demonstrated tolerability...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434657
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Phrenic nerve stimulation is a technique used to reanimate the diaphragm of patients with central nervous system etiologies of respiratory insufficiency. Current clinical indications include congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, spinal cord injury above C4, brain stem injury...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434659
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... and heart failure despite the wide availability of therapeutic agents and dietary and lifestyle modification. Device-based therapy by baroreflex activation via carotid sinus/nerve stimulation is currently undergoing investigation, and promising findings from clinical trials have been published. Baroreflex...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434660
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... of hypoglossal nerve stimulation. We also review results of published clinical studies with several hypoglossal stimulation devices that are being investigated today. Hypoglossal nerve stimulation appears to be a very promising treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe OSA. If its efficacy is confirmed...