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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507523
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... socioeconomic pathways are simulated using a global economic model, extended to account for detailed nutrition information of different food groups taken from the FAO food balance sheets. In general, both scenarios reveal increases in energy intake for the average consumer in all regions. However, some regions...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 7
Published: 09 September 2019
10.1159/000500389
EISBN: 978-3-318-06540-4
... of the bacterial-host interaction are not fully understood. Experimental animal models such as hamsters and guinea pigs have been successfully used to study the pathogenesis of acute lethal leptospirosis, while mice and rats are usually asymptomatic after infection. In recent years, zebrafish have become...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 190
Published: 29 May 2017
10.1159/000468960
EISBN: 978-3-318-06061-4
... with the use of mathematical models of solute kinetics. This study is aimed at presenting an improved model of solute kinetics and fluid shifts during hemodialysis. It comprises a 2-compartment (intracellular and extracellular) description of sodium, potassium, and urea, including volume fluid shifts induced...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 77
Published: 29 April 2016
10.1159/000441876
EISBN: 978-3-318-05651-8
... demonstrated in an animal model that anti-CD4 antibody treatment suppresses the ongoing stage - as well as induction - of allergic rhinitis [ 3 ]. Optimal CD4+ T cell activation requires two signals. The first is mediated by an interaction between the T cell receptor and peptide-major histocompatibility...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369945
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
...% of all tattoos in The Netherlands were obtained at one of the almost 900 licensed studios. Reports of complications are generally low in number. We suggest that uniform European hygiene guidelines would further contribute to the safety of tattooing. The Amsterdam Model Infection control in tattoo...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365522
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... Abstract Diabetes and depression provide a model for understanding the comorbidity of mental and physical disorders, as each influences the other while sharing a broad range of biological, psychological, socioeconomic and cultural determinants. Diabetes and depression may be viewed as: (1...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 183
Published: 16 May 2014
10.1159/000360117
EISBN: 978-3-318-02651-1
... our current understanding of nephrocyte function and assembly. Advantages of Drosophila Models For more than a century, Drosophila has been a favorite tool of geneticists and developmental biologists. Their powerful tools enable scientists to explore tissues...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 42
Published: 10 April 2014
10.1159/000358317
EISBN: 978-3-318-02639-9
... of the brain circuits involved in appetite regulation is not yet fully understood and appears to be very complex. PWS appears to be a unique model for decrypting this critical period. A Precise Description of Eating Behavior Individuals with PWS present a particular meal pattern with a slower initial...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 3
Published: 21 December 2012
10.1159/000343013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02285-8
... industries. The biomedical model of healthcare is insufficient to explain and address these gaps. It is widely acknowledged that there is no single, ideal organizational model for academic health science systems that will deliver the agenda outlined by Dzau et al. [ 1 ]. In a recent article, Daniels...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 3
Published: 21 December 2012
10.1159/000343144
EISBN: 978-3-318-02285-8
... Abstract We report on a model of community engagement known as HealthStreet, which began as community outreach from Washington University in St. Louis, Mo., USA, in 1989, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). HealthStreet, which developed more expansive services in 2008, includes...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337523
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract Vertebrate and invertebrate model organisms are essential for deciphering biological processes. One of these, the mouse, proved to be a valuable model for understanding the etiopathogenesis of a vast array of human diseases, including congenital malformations such as orofacial clefting...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 30
Published: 22 June 2012
10.1159/000338364
EISBN: 978-3-318-02184-4
... Abstract This article is the review of the recent reports in which a chronic gastric ulcer model, so-called acetic acid ulcer, was used during 2010–2012. Thirteen new papers were published to elucidate the mechanism of ulcer healing using rats and mice. In addition, 11 substances, mainly...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 30
Published: 22 June 2012
10.1159/000338466
EISBN: 978-3-318-02184-4
... up a screening model of gastric bleeding in rats using low-dose aspirin (ASA) and an antiplatelet drug, clopidogrel, a P2Y 12 receptor antagonist, and investigated the prophylactic effect of antiulcer drugs on gastric bleeding and lesion formation under such conditions. Under urethane anesthesia...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
10.1159/000315023
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... Abstract Understanding of dry eye syndrome (DES) today is driven by in vivo analysis of tear osmolarity, tear film break up time, impression cytology and description of symptoms. Existing in vivo models of DES need severe alterations of tear production or corneal integrity. For a more detailed...
Book Chapter
Book: Meiosis
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 5
Published: 28 October 2008
10.1159/000166639
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8968-0
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 1
Published: 01 July 2008
10.1159/000140899
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8577-4
... cancer cells - as observed in cell cultureand in the clinic - are then described to develop a model of cervical cancer progression. Finally, we explorehow the information garnered from studies of HPV pathogenesis may be translated into the clinical arena inthe form of new diagnostic, preventive...
Book Chapter