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mismatch

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Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 181
Published: 15 January 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05621-1
... memory performance across the age span. Int J Psychophysiol 2004;53:1-9. 23. Luck SJ, Kappenman ES: The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013. 24. Umbricht D, Krljes S: Mismatch negativity in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophr Res...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 36
Published: 11 November 2002
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-00905-7
EISBN: 978-3-318-00905-7
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 181
Published: 15 January 2016
10.1159/000440920
EISBN: 978-3-318-05621-1
... not only statistically and clinically significant risk stratification with regard to hazard rates (ranging from 0.04 to 1.34), but also with regard to the time to event. However, the best evidence for a biological marker of risk has currently been provided for another ERP, mismatch negativity (MMN...
Book Chapter
... the pulmonary vasculatureinduces ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) mismatch and propagates pulmonary vascular remodelling.Consequently, anticoagulant strategies are a mainstay of therapy in pulmonary embolism, CTEPH, andPAH. In contrast, the precise contribution of intra-alveolar fibrin formation to V/Q mismatch...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 62
Published: 12 August 2008
10.1159/000146243
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8554-5
... ofsuch responses depends on the fidelity of the prediction of the future environment. Lifehistory and physiological changes mediated through epigenetic processes then follow,determining the later phenotype. Developmental mismatch, leading to disease, can arisefrom discordance between the fetal...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 19
Published: 27 January 2015
10.1159/000368105
EISBN: 978-3-318-02799-0
... Abstract The rapid increase in obesity prevalence during the past decades points to the important impact of environmental changes on the development of overweight in children and adolescents. A mismatch between increasing energy consumption in an attractive and abundant food environment...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 67
Published: 25 November 2009
10.1159/000262604
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9287-1
...% and postoperatively ranging from 83 to 90%) and sentence recognition (100% postoperatively) under both the combined (implant plus HA in both ears) and the Hybrid conditions. The greater success of the 10-mm over the 6-mm array may be explained by the larger tonotopic mismatch for the 6-mm array, as a similar effect...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 78
Published: 27 January 2014
10.1159/000354957
EISBN: 978-3-318-02531-6
... Abstract Many features of human susceptibility to chronic noncommunicable diseases can be mapped onto the framework of the match/mismatch hypothesis. From an evolutionary perspective, it is highly likely that the human genome has been under selective pressure to survive and reproduce against...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 71
Published: 24 January 2013
10.1159/000342552
EISBN: 978-3-318-02270-4
... predicted to be experienced later; hence, such processes have been selected during evolution as conferring fitness advantage. When the phenotype is mismatched, e.g. from inaccurate nutritional cues from the mother or placenta before birth, or from rapid environmental change through improved socioeconomic...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 71
Published: 24 January 2013
10.1159/000342572
EISBN: 978-3-318-02270-4
... individual is physically and psychosexually mature, but neural executive function only reaches full maturity in the third decade of life; this mismatch may account for increased adolescent morbidity and mortality in those with earlier pubertal onset. Some General Evolutionary Principles...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333379
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract Dizziness is a general, non-specific term to indicate a sense of disorientation. Vertigo is a subtype of dizziness and refers to an erroneous perception of self- or object-motion or an unpleasant distortion of static gravitational orientation that is a result of a mismatch between...
Book Chapter
Published: 01 February 2011
10.1159/000321941
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9665-7
..., inhaled NO alone reduces arterial oxygenaton by deteriorating the V/Q mismatch through inhibition of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, so combined inhalation of oxygen is necessary to achieve NO-induced improvement of oxygenation. Inhaled NO is a registered treatment for full-term infants with persis...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 63
Published: 10 December 2009
10.1159/000264407
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9301-4
... and environmental factors underpin the chronic mismatch between energy intake and energy expenditure. However, not all individuals become obese, suggesting that there is considerable variation in responsiveness to ‘obesogenic’ environments. Some individuals defend easily against a propensity to accumulate fat mass...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 162
Published: 28 October 2008
10.1159/000170842
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8959-8
... Abstract The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encodes the HLA class I antigens expressed on the surface of most nucleated cells and the HLA class II antigens which are expressed mostly in B lymphocytes, monocytes and dendritic cells. Mismatched HLA anti-gens are the main source...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 13
Published: 13 October 2008
10.1159/000165983
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8658-0
..., and are perpetuated by anintergenerational cycle of maternal underweight or overweight leading to suboptimal fetal development.In regions undergoing the nutrition transition, being born small and being exposed to high caloric intakelater in life leads to metabolic mismatch, playing a major role in the epidemic...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 36
Published: 19 February 2008
10.1159/000115337
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8430-2
... evolved to accommodategradual changes in nutritional environment; rapid transition to a situation of high energy density results ina mismatch between predicted and actual environments and increased susceptibility to metabolic disease.This pathway may also explain why breast and bottle feeding confer...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 158
Published: 16 August 2007
10.1159/000107233
EISBN: 978-3-318-01494-5
... the best blood-to-dialysate fl ow countercurrent confi gurationis obtained, and the diffusive process is optimized. Unfortunately this optimal situationis hard to achieve, and frequently a signifi cant blood-to-dialysate fl ow mismatch may occurin hollow-fi ber hemodialyzers either due to uneven blood fl...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 65
Published: 22 January 2007
10.1159/000098861
EISBN: 978-3-318-01343-6
...-80 operations. Both surgeons had one ‘dead ear’ in theirfirst 15 cases. The postal survey showed that some trainers only perform a small number ofstapes surgeries, whereas some otolaryngologists who regularly perform stapedotomies werenot trainers. Conclusions: This is a mismatch of trainers...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093139
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... combination with anatomical dispositions, this may lead toupper airway obstruction during sleep. Transient hyperpneasuppresses dilator muscle activity more than phrenic nerveactivity, leading to a mismatch in timing during inspiration.Repeated hypoxia accounts for fatigue of the upper airwaymuscles which...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490483
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
... human breast milk must be the perfect diet for human infants. But this view does not take into account the competing needs of mother and offspring, nor the current mismatch between our ancient genes and modern environment (evolutionary discordance) which may result in disease. He noted that 1,500 papers...