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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 81
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000485525
EISBN: 978-3-318-06315-8
... and selective stimulation of the affected side. Hearing restoration can be performed in selected cases of minor malformation by classic middle ear reconstruction. However, the majority of patients presumably benefit better from a hearing aid. There are 3 main types: active middle ear implants, active bone...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 81
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000485529
EISBN: 978-3-318-06315-8
... Abstract Hearing implant technology is evolving at a rapid rate and more than ever patients with hearing loss are benefiting from these emerging hearing devices. Active middle ear implants are alternatives to hearing aids and bone conducting devices, offering patients an expanded range...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 81
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000485581
EISBN: 978-3-318-06315-8
... Abstract The Eustachian tube is a complex structure connecting the middle ear to the nasopharynx that contributes to the normal function of the middle ear. Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is thought to contribute to the majority of middle ear pathology, although the mechanisms and the degree...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479252
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... with poor outcomes in a CKD setting. The present review focuses on a specific class of uremic toxins (the “middle molecules”), which includes well-known candidates like beta-2 microglobulin and fibroblast growth factor 23. Here, we summarize the epidemiological evidence linking the middle-molecule uremic...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479264
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... Abstract The removal of larger middle molecules, such as free immunoglobulin light chains (FLC), is poor with most currently used dialysis technologies. While hemodiafiltration (HDF) provides enhanced clearance of middle molecules compared to high-flux hemodialysis (HD), this technique...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479266
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... Abstract Large middle molecules (LMM) are an important subclass of uremic toxins. Many of them have been linked with poor outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The onset of high-flux membranes and convective techniques allowed to dramatically improve their clearance but without a clear...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 87
Published: 24 March 2017
10.1159/000448959
EISBN: 978-3-318-05956-4
... Abstract As momentum for investment in early childhood nutrition grows, so does the evidence base for the effectiveness of interventions to improve complementary feeding in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), where the risk of early growth faltering is high. The aim of this chapter...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 80
Published: 15 December 2014
10.1159/000360246
EISBN: 978-3-318-02672-6
... and multiple congenital anomalies. On the other hand, iron deficiency anemia is significantly associated with increased risk of fetal growth restriction and low birthweight. It is therefore important to scale up these interventions particularly in low- and middle-income countries, where the scenario is grave...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 80
Published: 15 December 2014
10.1159/000360252
EISBN: 978-3-318-02672-6
... that in turn will affect future generations. This paper addresses the key nutritional challenges for adolescence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with a particular emphasis on the additional nutritional needs and growth consequences of adolescent pregnancies. Puberty as a Discrete Window...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 100
Published: 27 May 2014
10.1159/000358469
EISBN: 978-3-318-02195-0
... Abstract In the Middle Ages little innovative medical literature came from Western Europe. The Greek-Roman tradition with the scriptures of Hippocrates and Galenos was preserved in Byzantium and then in the Middle East by Arabic medicine; it then returned to Europe in Latin translations mostly...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 75
Published: 14 October 2013
10.1159/000350621
EISBN: 978-3-318-02386-2
..., remove the thick atretic plate that extends from the surface of the mastoid portion to the middle ear cavity, and expose the entire ossicular fixation. In most cases, a complex of malleus, incus, and stapes is present. Deficit of the handle of malleus is found in most cases. Remove the surrounding bones...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 178
Published: 01 February 2013
10.1159/000342011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9989-4
... Abstract The present work is a review of the available data on gender-based violence (GBV) as experienced by girls and women in the Middle East region. Its purpose is to examine the different forms of GBV, which are most specific to the region: certain forms of domestic violence, female genital...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333604
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract The superficial middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory includes the greater part of the lateral surface of the cerebral hemisphere. It is the most frequent infarct in MCA ischemic cerebrovascular pathology. It is divided into 12 areas supplied by 12 different arteries referred...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333628
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract Large middle cerebral artery (MCA) and panhemispheric stroke represent a minority of cerebral ischemic events, yet they are responsible for a disproportionate share of morbidity and mortality. Malignant infarction with formation of cerebral edema is a common cause for secondary...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 69
Published: 07 July 2010
10.1159/000318517
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9471-4
... Abstract Objective: To assess the relation between cost and effectiveness of implantable middle ear hearing devices in patients with pure sensorineural hearing loss. Design: Literature review. Results: Four studies were identified that described the effect of middle ear implantation...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 69
Published: 07 July 2010
10.1159/000318518
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9471-4
... Abstract Currently, there are two active middle ear implants available commercially: the Vibrant Soundbridge system and the Carina system. A third active middle ear implant, the Esteem, is under clinical evaluation. All devices are indicated for patients with moderate-to-severe hearing loss...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 69
Published: 07 July 2010
10.1159/000318519
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9471-4
... Abstract Background: Some patients with chronic middle ear disease and multiple failed revisions, who also need a hearing aid, may benefit from an active middle ear implant. An advantage of an active middle ear implant is that the ear canal is unoccluded. Methods: Following extensive...