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microbe

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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345747
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract Microbes face a constant challenge to survive in any given ecological niche. Each microbial cell must compete with friends and foes alike for usually scarce resources (macro- and micronutrients), be able to react quickly to changing external conditions, and be able to rapidly respond...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 22
Published: 11 February 2020
10.1159/000495438
EISBN: 978-3-318-06621-0
.... The “healthy” microbiome implies a symbiotic life of the host with “friendly” microbes, which provides metabolic homeostasis and protection from invasive infection and sustained inflammation. It seems obvious that newborn infants are sensitive to microbiome-disturbing factors which can cause dysbiosis...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06856-6
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 32
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475736
EISBN: 978-3-318-05974-8
.... The role of mediators of this interaction, such as microbial metabolites and their receptors will also be discussed. Finally, different strategies harnessing host-microbe crosstalk for therapeutic purposes will be presented with an emphasis on obesity and related disorders. The Gastrointestinal Tract...
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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 99
Published: 29 May 2024
10.1159/000534948
EISBN: 978-3-318-07336-2
... to various environmental factors. Among them, dietary factors and exposure to microbes have been found to be pivotal. Dietary fiber intake and exposure to microbes in the environment will affect the intestinal microbiome which in turn produces metabolites interacting with different components of our immune...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519396
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... Abstract Birth represents the start of an incredible journey for the individual and the microbes which reside within and upon them. This interaction between human and microbe is essential for healthy development. Term infants are colonized by bacteria at birth, and thereafter the diet...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000504996
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... Abstract Contrary to common belief, the human neonate is often born with a nonsterile gastrointestinal tract, suggesting fetal colonization. This has been substantiated by numerous studies showing microbes in meconium. Shortly after birth, the infant is further colonized by microbes...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455209
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... Abstract Early-life interaction with indigenous intestinal microbes is a prerequisite for healthy immune and metabolic maturation. Human infants acquire their gut microbiota predominantly from the mother. A considerable inoculum of microbes is received by the neonate during vaginal delivery...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/000510416
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
... Abstract The dynamic population of microbes that reside in the gastrointestinal tract plays a pivotal role in orchestrating several aspects of host physiology and health, including but not limited to nutrient extraction and metabolism, as well as the regulation of intestinal epithelial barrier...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 99
Published: 29 May 2024
10.1159/000534961
EISBN: 978-3-318-07336-2
... and is driven in part by factors derived from breast milk and, later on, from the diet but also by exposure to antigens of different kinds including from microbes. Consequently, immune function in early life is highly variable, and is under the influence of both genetic and environmental factors including mode...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
10.1159/000360713
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
... Abstract The dysbiosis theory of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) posits that there is an alteration in the gut microbiome as an important underpinning of disease etiology. It stands to reason then, that administering agents that could impact on the balance of microbes on the gut could...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358465
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... Abstract The microbes in the human intestinal tract interact with the host to form a ‘superorganism'. The functional aspects of the host microbe interactions are being increasingly scrutinized and it is becoming evident that this interaction in early life is critical for development...