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menarche

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Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 8
Published: 15 February 2005
10.1159/000084098
EISBN: 978-3-318-01178-4
... and43, early-developed women had lower academic education. Regarding somatic development, atage 43, women with early menarche were shorter and heavier, had worse physical fitness anddieted more frequently compared to other women. There was no difference in quality of life. Insearching for reasons...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438957
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have helped to explore the genetic determinants of the normal variation in pubertal timing, but have been able to explain only 2.7% of the variance in age at menarche, highlighting the involvement of multiple genes with small effect sizes...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438885
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... have changed recently with emphasis on the indicators and the mechanisms. Since the mid-19th century, a secular trend towards earlier menarcheal age has been observed in many countries in Europe and North America. An overall advancement in female pubertal timing that averaged 4 years in a century...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... from rodents. Front Neuroendocrinol 2015;38:12-36. 7. Jeurissen A: Age of the establishment of the menarche and its evolution in Belgium during the last 40 years (in French). Acta Paediatr Belg 1969;23:319-330. 8. Vercauteren M, Susanne C: The secular trend of height and menarche in Belgium...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 19
Published: 27 January 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02799-0
...References References 1. Frisch RE, Revelle R: Height and weight at menarche and a hypothesis of critical body weights and adolescent events. Science 1970;169:397-399. 2. Johnston FE, Malina RM, Galbraith MA, Frisch RE, Revelle R, Cook S: Height, weight and age at menarche...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... A, Scheffler C, Hermanussen M: The variation in age at menarche: an indicator of historic developmental tempo. Anthropol Anz 2010;68:85-99. 3. Parent AS, Franssen D, Fudvoye J, Gerard A, Bourguignon JP: Developmental variations in environmental influences including endocrine disruptors on pubertal timing...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 19
Published: 27 January 2015
10.1159/000368112
EISBN: 978-3-318-02799-0
... life, is associated with an earlier onset of menarche, an earlier pubertal growth spurt, an earlier thelarche in girls, an earlier pubarche in both sexes and an earlier increase in testicular volume in boys. Furthermore, there is a clear correlation between increasing body mass index and earlier...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438883
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
.... This transition from childhood to adolescence requires a complex orchestrated interaction of genetic and metabolic factors. Approximately half of the variation in age at menarche is attributable to inherited genes, with the remaining half attributable to environmental effects [ 1 ]. Putative environmental factors...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438881
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... onset of puberty [ 7 ], other studies have suggested a downward shift in the entire distribution. The recent American data [ 5 ] suggest the entire group has drifted to a younger age, especially in the earliest-maturing girls, and the tempo from breast development to age of menarche appears to have...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
...References References 1. Morris DH, Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ: Familial concordance for age at menarche: analyses from the Breakthrough Generations Study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2011;25:306-311. 2. Barker DJP: Developmental origins of adult health and disease. J...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 22
Published: 30 July 2012
10.1159/000326624
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9337-3
... of that pubertal sign with less obvious changes in menarcheal age. Conceptually, puberty and subsequent reproduction appear now to be influenced by conditions not only at the time when they occur, but also during fetal and perinatal life. In addition, these influences can be apparently opposing since early...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 22
Published: 30 July 2012
10.1159/000331697
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9337-3
... (HPO) axis. Amenorrhea (either primary or secondary), abnormal uterine bleeding and dysmenorrhea are conditions that require careful evaluation through a stepwise and logical manner. The term primary amenorrhea refers to the condition when menarche fails to occur, while secondary amenorrhea refers...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... pubertal markers. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;89:221-230. 16. Rosenfield RL, Lipton RB, Drum ML: Thelarche, pubarche, and menarche attainment in children with normal and elevated body mass index. Pediatrics 2009;123:84-88. 17. Frisch RE, McArthur JW: Menstrual Cycles: Fatness as a determinant of minimum...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438884
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... is often observed in physically active girls and women in whom low energy availability with or without disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction and low bone mineral density can be present. In prepubertal girls excess exercise can cause delayed menarche with no effects on adult height, while in postpubertal...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 30
Published: 10 December 2015
10.1159/000439330
EISBN: 978-3-318-05637-2
... of the HPG axis following histrelin explantation is limited but suggests an average time to menarche comparable with depot GnRHa formulations albeit with wide individual variation. The histrelin subcutaneous implant was approved for the treatment of central precocious puberty (CPP) in the US in 2007...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438893
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... There is no general consensus in the literature about the indication for treatment of early puberty that is defined by onset at an age closely after the limits for precocity. Treatment goals are similar as in CPP: normalization of psychosocial well-being, prevention of early menarche and early sexual activity...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 22
Published: 30 July 2012
10.1159/000326625
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9337-3
... Abstract Puberty is characterized by a series a hormonal events leading to the attainment of adult reproductive capacity. Clinical manifestations of the pubertal processes include breast development, pubic hair development, menarche and regular menstrual bleedings. Abnormal pubertal development...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000503357
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
... diet with dairy products significantly increased bone mineral content during childhood. Milk Intake and Age of Puberty To understand the association between milk and dairy intake and adult stature, it is of interest to explore if there is an association between dairy intake and age at menarche...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 19
Published: 17 June 2010
10.1159/000316897
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9451-6
... obesity starts in the first months of life, even from birth. Early puberty and age at menarche are consequences of rapid infant weight gain and childhood overweight, and in turn these adolescent traits are predictive for obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease events in later life...