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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 41
Published: 06 December 2017
10.1159/000475690
EISBN: 978-3-318-05859-8
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 31
Published: 02 August 2017
10.1159/000470804
EISBN: 978-3-318-06051-5
... Abstract Traditionally, the neurobiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) has been largely considered from the perspective of the state of major depressive episodes (MDE) versus being in remission, but the current accumulation of disease markers, largely acquired cross-sectionally...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 31
Published: 02 August 2017
10.1159/000470807
EISBN: 978-3-318-06051-5
... between major depression and dementia is complex. For example, depressive symptoms are prominently associated with current Alzheimer disease [ 5 ], and those with a premorbid history of major depression are more likely to develop Alzheimer disease [ 6 ], which opens up the possibility that depression may...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 85
Published: 25 April 2016
10.1159/000439477
EISBN: 978-3-318-05643-3
... and future health of all organ systems, and a major factor in both the risk and the prevention of NCDs. Dietary changes are at the center of the emerging epigenetic paradigms that underpin the rise in many modern inflammatory and metabolic diseases. There is growing evidence that exposures in pregnancy...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 78
Published: 19 April 2016
10.1159/000442120
EISBN: 978-3-318-05802-4
... the gland (e.g. minor salivary gland), the more likely the neoplasm is malignant. The majority of SGNs, benign and/or malignant, irrespective of site, present as a painless swelling or mass. Definitive symptoms and signs of salivary gland malignancy are the presence of named nerve palsy in anatomical...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434655
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... and effectiveness of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in major depressive episodes (MDE). VNS in MDE has the following advantages: symptomatic response (defined as at least a 50% improvement in MDE severity) occurs in at least 15-17% of patients after 10 weeks of VNS treatment and in at least 22-37% of patients after...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 33
Published: 14 October 2013
10.1159/000351890
EISBN: 978-3-318-02459-3
... of stroke units. Hospitalization is expensive and it can also be harmful, increasing the risk of deep vein thrombosis, infections or deconditioning fragile people. The majority of patients with TIA are fit and would probably prefer not to stay in hospital if alternatives were available, improving patient...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 44
Published: 28 May 2013
10.1159/000350389
EISBN: 978-3-318-02404-3
... major life-changing decisions (MLCDs). Understanding of the impact on MLCDs is largely missing from health outcomes research. It is potentially important in the assessment of the overall burden and cumulative impact of chronic disease. This chapter reviews the concepts of life events, life transition...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341278
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
... lipopolysaccharide injection in mice and was abolished in lipopolysaccharide-treated mTOR -/+ mice, thus reinforcing the idea that the mTOR system plays a major role in leucine signaling. Clinical Evidence In burn injury, there are only three relatively dated studies available, with very limited evidence...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
10.1159/000315016
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... of microorganisms, are a major component of the innate immune system at the human ocular surface. Furthermore, several AMPs modulate cellular activation processes like migration, proliferation, chemotaxis and cytokine production, and in this way also affect the adaptive immune system. In this article, we have...
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Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 132
Published: 08 August 2008
10.1159/000317160
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9596-4
... Abstract Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a viral disease currently presenting a major problem to the aquaculture of Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar), during both the freshwater and seawater stages of production. Genetic variation in resistance to IPN has previously been demonstrated...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 132
Published: 08 August 2008
10.1159/000317171
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9596-4
... Abstract The association between genetic markers and serological major histocompatibility complex (MHC) definition was studied in experimental White Leghorn lines selected for different immune traits. Different markers, three variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) and 10 single nucleotide...
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Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131094
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... Abstract Background: In absolute aqueous-deficient dry eye, severe signs and symptomsmay persist despite punctal occlusion and frequent application of artificial tear substitutes.In this group of patients the three major salivary glands, the parotid, the submandibular andthe sublingual gland...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 92
Published: 24 January 2007
10.1159/000099260
EISBN: 978-3-318-01404-4
... Abstract Parenchymal cells of the autoimmune organ may only express major histocompatibilitycomplex (MHC) molecules during the disease process. In this paper, we hypothesize that theappearance of MHC molecules on parenchymal cells may augment the activation of invadingautoreactive T cells...