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lubricate

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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/000358790
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... Abstract Saliva is capable of decreasing friction force by at least 2 orders of magnitude when in between hydrophobic surfaces. This ability to lubricate is key to oral health, food processing and taste perception. In this paper different mechanisms of saliva lubrication are reviewed...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Published: 15 February 1995
10.1159/000424642
EISBN: 978-3-318-04779-0
.... Hyaluronic acid might therefore act as a friction-reducing molecular lubricant. In the lateral wall of the cochlea an accumulation of hyaluronic acid occurred in the loose connective tissue of the spiral ligament, in particular close to the stria vascularis. Due to its complex molecular network, hyaluronic...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
10.1159/000315027
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... Abstract Objective: The purpose of this review is to outline the mechanism of action of a novel ocular lubricant incorporating hydroxypropyl-guar (HPG) and the demulcents polyethylene glycol 400 and propylene glycol. Methods: The literature relating to the mechanism of action of Systane...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131095
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... to their relative short residence - manual application of artificial tears fromsmall bottles to the eye has to be performed every 5-10 min, while at night no lubrication at allis provided. Previously, for continuous lubrication of the ocular surface, dacryoreservoirsattached to spectacles or placed in pockets...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131066
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... are described as well as the membrane-spanningepithelial mucins of the glycocalyx which take part in wettability and mucus binding. (3) Thefunctions of the film, including acting as a nutritional route for the anterior epithelium of thecornea, and its protective roles in ocular lubrication and in scavenging...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131094
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
..., have been used to lubricate the ocular surface. Material andMethods: A PubMed search was performed using the keywords ‘dry eye, major salivaryglands, parotid gland, parotid duct, sublingual gland, submandibular gland (SMG), transposition,transplantation’ to identify the current literature on major...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... processing, texture and mouthfeel: from rheology to tribology and beyond. Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 2013;18:349-359. 4. Gaisinskaya A, Ma L, Silbert G, Sorkin R, Tairy O, Goldberg R, et al: Hydration lubrication: exploring a new paradigm. Faraday Discussions 2012;156:217-233. 5. De Vicente J...
Book Chapter
Book: Cornea
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 6
Published: 11 August 2015
10.1159/000381489
EISBN: 978-3-318-05453-8
... from lubricant drops to antimicrobial agents and anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroids and steroid-sparing agents. A variety of surgical procedures are often required both as adjunctive or primary interventions. These can be simple outpatient procedures such as punctal plugs and tarsorrhaphy...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/000358782
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... Abstract The salivary pellicle is a thin acellular organic film that forms on any type of surface upon exposure to saliva. The role of the pellicle is manifold, and it plays an important role in the maintenance of oral health. Its functions include not only substratum protection and lubrication...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321058
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... and towelettes, dusting powder and deodorant sprays. A second large category of products are those intended to absorb fluids, such as products used for menstrual protection (tampons, pads and panty liners) and incontinence protection. Lubricants and moisturizers, and aesthetic products (hair removal products...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321059
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... Abstract Emollients are known to lubricate, moisturize and soothe the skin. Prior to their incorporation into feminine hygiene pads, thorough premarket toxicological testing is conducted to evaluate their safety and effectiveness via in-use clinical settings. Product testing has been conducted...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 14
Published: 20 April 2010
10.1159/000313703
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9407-3
... Abstract Salivary glands are a group of organs secreting a watery substance that is of utmost importance for several physiological functions ranging from the protection of teeth and surrounding soft tissues to the lubrication of the oral cavity, which is crucial for speech and perception...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 14
Published: 20 April 2010
10.1159/000313705
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9407-3
... to produce saliva, which lubricates the oral cavity, aids digestion and protects the oral mucosa and dentition. In some species, however, the glands have been modified so that they function in new and diverse ways. Examples include the ability to create thread from the salivary glands to create hides...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 175
Published: 30 March 2009
10.1159/000209599
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9102-7
.... Other risk factors include surgical menopause at a young age, severe vasomotor symptoms, socioeconomic issues, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol use. Interventions for adecline in sexual interest or function at midlife include lubricants, supplementation of sex steroids(predominately...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131074
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... with regard to action, side effects,and control parameters. An overview of new applicable biological substances is given.Conclusions: A variety of treatment options can be offered to patients with dry eyes. Thespectrum ranges from lubricants to systemical immunosuppressive substances. At present noofficial...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131084
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... integrity of the cornea may also be damaged with possible compromise of the visual function.Acute onset of exophthalmos and/or eyelid retraction deserves maximum attention. In orderto avoid corneal decompensation and waiting for a more definitive treatment, eye lubricants, moisturechambers, swimming goggles...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131089
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... Abstract The injection of botulinum toxin into the medial lower eyelid causes a local paralysis ofthe orbicularis oculi muscle. The paralysis leads to a decreased action of the lacrimal pumpand an improved lubrication of the ocular surface. The injection reduces the discomfort ineyes...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131093
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... of the eyelids to increase ocular surface lubrication and reduce discomfort in dry eyes.Material and Methods: The surgical methods and the results of this technique in 17 patientsare described. All patients had been retractive to medical treatment. The recipient bed over thelower or upper lid retractors...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 88
Published: 11 August 2005
10.1159/000087830
EISBN: 978-3-318-01233-0
... Abstract Human seminal plasma hypersensitivity has to be differentiated from allergic reactionsto latex, spermicidal agents, local anesthetics or components of lubricants. The presentreview article discusses IgE-mediated allergic reactions (type I) to specific components ofthe seminal plasma...