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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337521
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract Cleft lip and palate is the most common craniofacial birth defect and its etiology has been the focus of many reports in the literature. It is well accepted that both genetics and environment play a role in the condition, however we still have not been able to translate what have been...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337523
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... conditions. This small mammal’s usefulness in cleft lip and palate research stems not only from the striking anatomical and molecular similarities of lip and palate development between human and mouse embryos, but also from its amenability to experimental and genetic manipulation. Using some recent studies...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337617
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP) and cleft palate only (CP) are severe disruptions affecting orofacial structures. Patients with orofacial clefts require complex interdisciplinary care, which includes nursing, plastic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, speech...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337618
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling pathway is critically involved in several aspects of craniofacial development, including formation of the lip and the palate. FGF receptors are activated by extracellular FGF ligands in order to regulate cellular processes such as migration...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337619
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract Wnt signaling regulates a variety of cell behaviors and represents a major pathway in development and disease. Mutations in Wnt genes and their downstream targets have been implicated in human craniofacial abnormalities, including the most prevalent birth defect, cleft lip...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337620
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... is to be evidence based then the highest levels of research need to be applied. The strongest evidence is clearly derived from randomized controlled trials where confounders are removed by the size of the sample and control for bias through randomization. Randomized controlled trials in the treatment of cleft lip...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337664
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... anatomy of this region, optimal timing for surgical repair and current thinking on the use of surgical adjuncts. In addition, an overview of current surgical techniques available for the repair of cleft lip, cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency is presented. Finally, we briefly discuss nasal...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337665
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... Abstract The orthodontic treatment of patients with all types of cleft lip and palate, a resume of facial growth and discussion on dental and occlusal development is presented. A fully integrated cleft team provides life-long interdisciplinary holistic treatment for patients born...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02108-0
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000524117
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Lip tattooing for cosmetic or medical purposes is a difficult operation with indications and contraindications. Lips have a refined microanatomy and many functions ranging from aesthetics and mimics supporting facial expressions to entirely biological functions such as supporting oral...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521592
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... [ 7 ]. It is apparent that structural changes of the facial bones directly affect the position of the overlying structures (ligaments, fat compartments, muscles, skin). Similarly, an age-related loss of teeth directly affects the position and form of the lips. Fig. 1. Facial skeleton...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 47
Published: 13 August 2012
10.1159/000338050
EISBN: 978-3-318-02169-1
... A, Fitzmaurice D, Lip GY, Murray E, BAFTA Investigators: Midland Research Practices Network (MidReC): Warfarin versus aspirin for stroke prevention in an elderly community population with atrial fibrillation (the Birmingham Atrial Fibrillation Treatment of the Aged Study, BAFTA): a randomised controlled trial...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000525184
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Cosmetic tattooing dedicated to beautifying the normal anatomy such as the eyebrows, the eyelines, or the lips is in a remarkable growth all over the world. Medical tattooing with reconstruction of the areola and the nipple after breast surgery, correction of the lost color of vitiligo...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526055
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
..., eyeliners, lips, and other locations. The delicate dosing of pigment relative to the natural skin tone is highlighted. The review is relevant for all aspects of PMU including medical tattooing, e.g., areola tattooing after breast cancer surgery. A detailed guidance to PMU artists and medical tattooists...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526048
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
..., “blowout” pigment escape to surrounding skin, papules, nodules, granulomas associated with sarcoidosis, allergic reactions in lip tattoos with lichenoid dermatitis, eye irritation, and fibrosis and scaring especially after microblading); miscellaneous complications include severe burn sensation...