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intestinal

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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 84
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000457934
EISBN: 978-3-318-06670-8
... Abstract This review of sinonasal adenocarcinoma, both intestinal and non-intestinal type, aims at providing a comprehensive overview of etiological factors, diagnostic workup, histological subtypes, advances in molecular characterization and the genetic basis, current optimal treatment...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356743
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... intestine, alterations in small intestinal motility were described in IBS, at rest, following food ingestion and in response to stressful stimuli; some of the abnormal patterns identified seemed to correlate temporally with certain symptoms. More recently, interest in the potential roles of such phenomena...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516725
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... Short bowel syndrome Intestinal failure Malabsorption Key Messages For optimal treatment of a child with intestinal failure, knowledge of the residual bowel length and location is crucial. Enteral feedings should be initiated as early as medically feasible to promote maximum...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514763
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
...Key Messages Define parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis and intestinal failure-associated liver disease. Review population characteristics, clinical risk factors, and diagnostic algorithms. Appraise the evidence for the prevention and management of disease with a focus...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455211
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Impaired function of the intestinal epithelium has been implicated in IBD pathogenesis, yet underlying mechanisms remain ill defined. The work of our group focuses on investigating the role of DNA methylation in regulating cellular function of the human intestinal...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06031-7
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 5
Published: 04 July 2016
10.1159/000444963
EISBN: 978-3-318-05867-3
... cervix, etc. The omentum can be used for wound coverage. However, there are limitations of raising visceral flaps: (1) short duration of ischemia tolerance, (2) laparotomy requirement with its associated potential risk, (3) old age (significant comorbidities or intestinal adhesion due to previous...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365604
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... Abstract Intestinal failure (IF) is caused by the critical reduction of functional gut mass below the minimal amount necessary for adequate digestion and absorption to satisfy body nutrient and fluid requirements for maintenance in adults and growth in children. The advent of parenteral...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
10.1159/000360674
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
... pouchitis and UC can be treated with probiotics. Serologic markers recognizing intestinal bacteria and yeast are present in the majority of Crohn's disease patients and may predict disease aggressiveness. Abnormal profiles of fecal and mucosally associated enteric bacteria (dysbiosis) occur in Crohn's...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
10.1159/000360685
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
... Abstract The intestinal mucosa is the largest body surface exposed to the environment. While there are common features when comparing immune responses along the intestinal mucosa, the small bowel and colon exhibit striking differences in their mechanisms driving immune regulation. The vitamin...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358465
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... Abstract The microbes in the human intestinal tract interact with the host to form a ‘superorganism'. The functional aspects of the host microbe interactions are being increasingly scrutinized and it is becoming evident that this interaction in early life is critical for development...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356739
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... Abstract Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare syndrome at the extreme end of severe functional bowel disorders. The clinical picture is characterized by a marked impairment of gut propulsive motility, thus mimicking a mechanical obstruction in the absence of any detectable...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351390
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... Abstract The intestinal mucosa possesses a complex epithelial barrier and a well-organized local immune system, which both efficiently protect this internal-external surface against potential microbial aggressions while guaranteeing tolerance towards harmless bacteria or antigens (oral...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345732
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
..., and functional roles of human microbiota. The initial colonization and subsequent development of the intestinal microbiota in early life is a key step for the composition of the human microbiota throughout one's life. An increasing body of evidence highlights the role of nutrition both in early infancy...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000346875
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract New sequencing technologies together with the development of bioinformatics allow a description of the full spectrum of the microbial communities that inhabit the human intestinal tract, as well as their functional contributions to host health. Most community members belong...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345748
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract The intestinal microbiota of humans and other animals is an important determinant of health because it has properties that program the innate immune system, affect the availability of nutrients and bioactives from the diet, regulate barrier function, and restrict pathogen access...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000346493
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract Human intestines harbor a diverse microbial community composed of a large number of bacteria and other microorganisms. These intestinal microbiota have evolved to achieve a symbiotic relationship with the host. In addition to aiding host metabolic pathways by breaking down foods...