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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 45
Published: 27 May 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06844-3
.... In this chapter, we discuss the functional interaction between monoaminergic systems, including noradrenaline, serotonin and histamine, and orexin neurons, as well as interactions between the acetylcholine system and the orexin neurons, focusing, in particular, on their function in the regulation of sleep...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... Abstract Increasing evidence supports the involvement of both heritable and environmental risk factors in suicidal behaviour (SB). Gene-environment interaction (G × E) studies may be useful for elucidating the role of biological mechanisms in the risk for mental disorders. In the present...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... is introduced as a pragmatic strategy that emphasises the customer-tattooist interaction, which is the ‘engine' of tattoo safety. This strategy amalgamates the range of narrow-scope preventive instruments and shall ensure that any relevant instrument is used actively and without deficiency or drop out, thus...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 60
Published: 15 September 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02577-4
... Abstract This chapter summarizes current knowledge regarding the interaction between lipid availability, endurance exercise, and insulin sensitivity. We discuss the role of lipid availability as a key mediator of insulin resistance in obesity, the proposed cellular mechanisms underlying...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 43
Published: 12 June 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02674-0
...-containing low-density lipoproteins resulting in activation of ECs and recruitment of monocytes. Activated ECs secrete ‘chemokines' that interact with cognate chemokine receptors on monocytes and promote directional migration. Recruitment of immune cells establishes a proinflammatory status, further causing...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 106
Published: 12 February 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02266-7
... in the striatum and alpha-2 receptors in the cortex, thus enhancing attention and motivation. As a result, the more motivated and focused child is less hyperactive. Consequently, there is a diminishing of behavioral disturbances, academic problems, and difficulties in social interactions, self-esteem issues...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 103
Published: 17 September 2012
EISBN: 978-3-318-02144-8
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 41
Published: 09 May 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9687-9
...-stranded viral RNA, while single-stranded viral RNA is recognized by TLR7 and TLR8 and microbial DNA by TLR9 [ 26 ]. Intensive interaction and cross-talk among TLRs and other surface receptors is a characteristic feature of TLRs [ 28 ]. Several studies have investigated the association of polymorphisms...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 20
Published: 17 December 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9644-2
... epithelium. Already during adrenal organogenesis, close interactions between the two tissue types are necessary for the differentiation, morphogenesis and survival of the adrenal gland. Moreover, the communication between the chromaffin and adrenocortical cells ensures a regular function of the adult adrenal...
Book Cover Image
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 64
Published: 25 August 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9168-3
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 94
Published: 10 September 2008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8629-0
.... In conclusion, the mutual interaction of tregs and APCs enables Tregs to sustain their immunosuppressive function(s), which in healthy individuals may be crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. Since macrophages bridge the innate and the acquired immune system, Tregs are able to gain influence...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 62
Published: 12 August 2008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8554-5
... Abstract The role of early infant nutrition in the development of allergic symptoms and allergicsensitization has been disputed for 70 years. Interaction between genetic factorsand infant feeding has been limited to studies on parental heredity of allergy andlength of breastfeeding, as well...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 3
Published: 13 September 2007
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8341-1
... Abstract Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are one of the most important components of biologicalnetworks. It is important to understand the evolutionary process of PPIs in order to elucidatehow the evolution of biological networks has contributed to diversification of the existentorganisms...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 51
Published: 31 May 2007
EISBN: 978-3-318-01459-4
... in children and adolescents. Recent intervention studies in children nowprovide evidence that exercise and calcium may interact with each other to enhance bonehealth, but the mechanism underlying this effect is not well understood. Vitamin D is alsoimportant for bone health through its action on calcium...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 58
Published: 18 August 2006
EISBN: 978-3-318-01320-7
... intake regulation and its interaction with dietary components. First, thephysiology of long- and short-term food intake regulation is reviewed. The effects ofdietary components on food intake, satiety and intake regulatory markers are thendiscussed with particular emphasis on macronutrient class...
Book Chapter