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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507515
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... are influencing the nutrition diversity and food security situation. The findings highlight low dietary diversity with more than 80% of women and 77% of children consuming less than the daily recommended food groups. A high level of food insecurity (49.9%) was also reported in the study area (https://www.snrd...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505578
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
.... Here, we will highlight how breast milk fills the needs and the gaps of the developing immune system and thereby represents the unbeatable way to prevent infectious disease. We will further focus on some factors in breast milk that we extensively studied and found to actively influence the immune...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505552
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... gut. This enteromammary pathway is facilitated by hormonal influence on the intestinal microorganisms to be taken up through the intercellular pathway in the gut, engulfed by microphages, and transported to the breast. To date, it is not entirely clear to what extent the breast milk microbiome...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504491
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... with biological agents are usually moderately compromised [ 41 ]. There was no significant influence of concomitant use of methotrexate (irrespective of dose), or of concomitant corticosteroids on seroconversion rates [ 44 ]. Hepatitis B vaccination seemed to be safe in patients with RA and produced significant...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 91
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000493709
EISBN: 978-3-318-06403-2
... to educate infants to eat and like a variety of healthy foods. For instance, early sensory experiences and the variety of foods offered at the start of complementary feeding can influence food acceptance for several years. It was also observed that when tasting/smelling new foods, children may make faces...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489517
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... and thus has an adverse effect. An increased skin surface pH alters SC function, which could be caused by disturbed SC lipid processing, via influencing the 2 key lipid-processing enzymes such as β-glucocerebrosidase and acidic sphingomyelinase. Both of these key lipid-processing enzymes exhibit...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489518
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... of endogenous mechanisms - this is especially true for the skin whose pH is quite unique within the body. In this chapter, we summarize key endogenous factors and mechanisms that can influence the pH of the skin. Moreover, we highlight the significance of certain molecular systems (i.e., pH-sensing ionotropic...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489520
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... Abstract Intracellular pH influences proliferation and differentiation in a range of stem-like and progenitor cells, including embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and cancer stem cells. Sodium hydrogen exchanger (NHE1), a glycoprotein that plays a major...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489521
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... the pH increase during aging. By using own unpublished data (e.g., microarray analysis), we try to weigh these influences on the skin pH. ■ We come to a surprising contributor to skin pH (especially in skin aging) that is not yet discussed in literature: the epidermal calcium gradient. The activities...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489530
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... may serve as surrogate marker to study the influence of topical non-medicated preparations including pH-lowered preparations. What Is Already Known? ■ Skin barrier repair therapies often involve the use of medicated and non-medicated topical preparations. ■ To measure the effect of topical...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 62
Published: 19 June 2017
10.1159/000460698
EISBN: 978-3-318-06044-7
... and amended yearly. Both the legal and sports environments have influenced the latest revision of the Code. The legal environment had a major influence with more emphasis put on the question of the athletes' fundamental rights and, more precisely, the respect of the principles outlined in the European...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 79
Published: 03 August 2016
10.1159/000445094
EISBN: 978-3-318-05854-3
..., P-gp is thought to be involved in regulating immune responses and is able to influence the secretion of cytokines and chemokines. This role as an immunomodulator links P-gp activity in the sinonasal epithelium with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and a series of studies have provided evidence...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 77
Published: 29 April 2016
10.1159/000441864
EISBN: 978-3-318-05651-8
... studies of caloric reaction in healthy elderly individuals. Equilibrium Res 1989;48:184-189. 3. Nakagawa H, Mizukoshi T, Watanabe Y: Vertigo in aged patients. Equilibrium Res 1988;47:319-322. 4. Yamamoto K, Kubo T, Matsunaga T: Vagal and sympathetic nerve activities influenced by posterior...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442569
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
... developments in rehabilitation medicine had a profound effect on the care, functional outcomes, and survival of veterans with SCIs. Neurosurgeon Donald Munro's (1898-1978) prototype SCI unit at Boston City Hospital in 1936 influenced the U.S. Army to establish several SCI centers during WWII and influenced...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 18
Published: 17 November 2014
10.1159/000364987
EISBN: 978-3-318-02736-5
... can be detected in fetal hepatic tissue in the second or third trimester [ 33 , 34 ] at approximately 10% of adult levels. CYP3A4 levels rise after birth and reach up to 50% of adult levels within the first year [ 35 , 36 , 37 ]. Gestational age does not influence the pattern of activity [ 35...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 September 2013
10.1159/000351950
EISBN: 978-3-318-02464-7
... and quality of life. From this perspective, recent literature has considered duration of illness (DI) and duration of untreated illness (DUI), two important variables influencing outcome in many psychiatric conditions including anxiety disorders. The DUI has been defined as the interval between the onset...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 75
Published: 15 August 2013
10.1159/000345815
EISBN: 978-3-318-02333-6
... responsible for this effect are not completely understood but are presumably linked to the bioconversion of ingested nitrate into nitrite and thence to nitric oxide. Nitrite and/or nitric oxide may influence muscle contractile efficiency perhaps via effects on sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium handling or actin...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 74
Published: 18 July 2013
10.1159/000348463
EISBN: 978-3-318-02388-6
... and Development: Role of Vitamin B12 A woman's nutritional status before conception and during pregnancy has a vital role in influencing fetal development and outcome of pregnancy. Research in India has made a major contribution towards understanding the role of maternal nutrition in early life...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Published: 03 July 2013
10.1159/000346428
EISBN: 978-3-318-02309-1
... by positively influencing neurogenesis, angiogenesis, gliogenesis and synapse/circuit formation after stroke. In this chapter, we will provide up-to-date data from experimental studies and clinical reports on the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on neuroregeneration, with perspectives on future research...