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Series: Antibiotics and Chemotherapy
Volume: 42
Published: 27 September 1989
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03217-8
EISBN: 978-3-318-03217-8
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505338
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... Abstract Norovirus infections belong to the most common causes of human gastroenteritis worldwide, and epidemic outbreaks are responsible for hundreds of thousands deaths annually. Strikingly, no antiviral treatment is available due to the difficulty in cultivating virions or in generating...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505334
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... Abstract Newborn infants, especially those born preterm, are at risk of infections in early life. In preterm infants, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a devastating inflammatory gut condition, and late-onset sepsis (LOS) are important causes of serious morbidity and are the commonest reasons...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485710
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... combination have been approved for the treatment of hepatitis C. Studies on DAA regimens reported that DAA therapy causes far fewer adverse reactions compared with IFN therapy and exhibits high efficacy in treating hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in hemodialysis patients, although the ledipasvir/sofosbuvir...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 55
Published: 27 October 2015
10.1159/000431194
EISBN: 978-3-318-05565-8
..., infection and inflammation. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) represents pathologic growth of new blood vessels extending from the choroid into the subretinal or sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) space through a break in Bruch's membrane. The most common cause of CNV in older adults is age...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 55
Published: 27 October 2015
10.1159/000431195
EISBN: 978-3-318-05565-8
... Abstract Endophthalmitis is characterized by marked inflammation of intraocular fluids and tissues. Infective endophthalmitis may be categorized by the cause of the infection, which helps predict the underlying etiology and most likely causative organisms. The major category remains acute-onset...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 186
Published: 14 August 2015
10.1159/000431164
EISBN: 978-3-318-05567-2
... Abstract Background: Vascular access-related infection is more frequent in patients using the buttonhole method for cannulation of the arteriovenous access for hemodialysis. Deformity of buttonhole entry sites is frequently observed among patients on the buttonhole method for extended...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381595
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract Anti-TNF therapy is effective for inducing and maintaining remission in both pediatric Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients; however, adverse effects, such as serious infection and lymphoma, are of concern. A recent study has indicated that anti-TNFα therapy in patients aged...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369178
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract The tattoo studio and the procedures and operations of practicing tattooing may help to reduce the risk of infections associated with tattooing or, if improper, increase the risk. Thus, as a preventive measure, the tattoo studio should be optimized. All procedures should be carefully...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 111
Published: 18 November 2014
10.1159/000362310
EISBN: 978-3-318-02667-2
...% during the recovery phase after opportunistic infections. The guidelines recommend protein intake of 1.2 g/kg in stable phases of the disease and 1.5 g/kg/day during episodes of acute illness. • In general, there is conflicting evidence on the optimal protocols for nutrition support...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000355963
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... tropism is used as another means of classifying the virus, and HPVs are divided into types that infect mucosal or cutaneous tissues. Several risk factors have been identified that elevate an individual's likelihood of becoming infected with HPV including cigarette smoking, a large number of lifetime...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000355964
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections of cutaneous and genital mucosae are very common but the majority of individuals clear the infection without overt clinical disease. Those who develop lesions, also in most cases, mount an effective cell-mediated immune response and the lesions...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000355966
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... Abstract Keratinocytes react to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection by proliferation resulting in different clinical manifestations ranging from flat warts to common warts and cauliflower-like or filiform warts. The clinical presentation may vary according to the HPV type and anatomical site...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000358423
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted virus infection; about 40 out of 150 known HPV genotypes have been associated with genitoanal lesions in the female and male. They have been divided into low-risk (LR) and high-risk (HR) HPV types according...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000356515
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... clinical role. That role is based on its near 100% causal involvement in the genesis of preinvasive and invasive cervical cancer [ 3 ]. Due to the important implication of HPV infection in the development of gynecological malignancies, current and routine HPV diagnostics mainly focused on the prevention...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000356069
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... of antiviral agents should be considered in treatment, especially when managing severe or complicated presentations. Allowing for a natural resolution of human papillomavirus infection without therapeutic intervention is an important option that also minimizes healthcare costs. Intervention...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000356070
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
.... Herein, we describe treatment modalities employed in the surgical management of cutaneous human papillomavirus infection and include surgical teaching cases. Despite the best efforts of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) to evade host defenses, cutaneous infection is usually a self-limiting disease...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000357187
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... and extensive manifestations of cutaneous disease. These complex cases require a unique and often multimodal approach to management. In this chapter, we discuss several states of immune compromise and available strategies for managing HPV infection. A discussion of the full range of treatment options...