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Book Chapter
Published: 17 August 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9930-6
... Abstract Worldwide, more than 33 million persons are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and almost 52% of them are women. Sex and gender differences exist in epidemiology, clinical aspects, access to care, and treatment responses. Women have a greater vulnerability...
Book Chapter
Published: 17 August 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9930-6
... Abstract Measles infection has been the largest single cause of child mortality. Measles is now targeted for elimination and eradication, yet the epidemiology of measles may fundamentally change in the coming decades. As levels of maternal antibodies are declining, infants may become...
Book Chapter
Series: Issues in Infectious Diseases
Volume: 1
Published: 24 April 1997
EISBN: 978-3-318-00229-4
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 3
Published: 14 April 1993
EISBN: 978-3-318-04056-2
Book Chapter
Series: Antibiotics and Chemotherapy
Volume: 44
Published: 18 November 1991
EISBN: 978-3-318-03219-2
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
.../incontinence dermatitis and wound healing are examples of cases where microbial infection is promoted by the altered skin conditions or environment. Fungi have a complex system that senses ambient pH that leads to metabolic responses allowing adhesion, growth and invasion, as microbial metabolites further...
Book Chapter
Published: 03 July 1989
EISBN: 978-3-318-05175-9
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 7
Published: 23 May 1977
EISBN: 978-3-318-03271-0
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 16
Published: 22 February 1973
EISBN: 978-3-318-04200-9
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 55
Published: 27 October 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05565-8
... Abstract Endophthalmitis is characterized by marked inflammation of intraocular fluids and tissues. Infective endophthalmitis may be categorized by the cause of the infection, which helps predict the underlying etiology and most likely causative organisms. The major category remains acute-onset...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract Anti-TNF therapy is effective for inducing and maintaining remission in both pediatric Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients; however, adverse effects, such as serious infection and lymphoma, are of concern. A recent study has indicated that anti-TNFα therapy in patients aged...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... be effective in the prevention or treatment of respiratory infections. Trials have been performed in general populations of infants and children and in populations at increased risk of respiratory infections, such as those in day care centers, schools, or hospitals, and evidence of a reduced rate of infections...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 June 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9973-3
...References References 1. Huang TT, Liu TC, Chen PR, Tseng FY, Yeh TH, Chen YS: Deep neck infection: analysis of 185 cases. Head Neck 2004;26:854-860 2. Lee JK, Kim HD, Lim SC: Predisposing factors of complicated deep neck infection: an analysis of 158 cases. Yonsei Med J 2007;48:55-62...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 169
Published: 14 January 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9538-4
... Abstract The epidemiology of infection related glomerulonephritis has been changing during recent decades. With the successful treatment of streptococcal infections, the incident of classic post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis is decreasing in most developed countries. In contrast, we see...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes infection throughout life, with infants, adults who are severely immunocompromised, and the elderly at special risk of developing lower respiratory tract disease, hospitalisation, and death. The burden of severe disease in the elderly...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
... found that when iron interventions are given to all children in a population, they may increase infection risk. Other possible risks of iron interventions have not yet been extensively described but include a risk of iron overdose and long-term iron loading in high-risk individuals. Identifying whether...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 34
Published: 07 October 2005
EISBN: 978-3-318-01240-8
... Abstract Infection and inflammation are critical in the progression ofcystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease, and are the cause of death ofmost patients. Therefore, understanding their origins andmechanisms is critical to designing effective interventions.Bacterial infection in CF occurs in the wake...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 3
Published: 20 September 1999
EISBN: 978-3-318-00440-3