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Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 September 2013
10.1159/000351950
EISBN: 978-3-318-02464-7
... and quality of life. From this perspective, recent literature has considered duration of illness (DI) and duration of untreated illness (DUI), two important variables influencing outcome in many psychiatric conditions including anxiety disorders. The DUI has been defined as the interval between the onset...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 33
Published: 28 June 2018
10.1159/000487522
EISBN: 978-3-318-06143-7
... describing the psychological changes that drive the child's development to adulthood, we will consider the resonance of the presence of a chronic illness in the young person by taking the example of type 1 diabetes. Psycho-Emotional Development of the Child Children are not miniature adults...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
10.1159/000475719
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
... patients. Only music provided any relief for tarantism. Later authors suggested that the dancing mania was a mass stress-induced psychosis, a mass psychogenic illness, a culturally determined form of ritualized behavior, a manifestation of religious ecstasy, or even the result of food poisoning caused...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Volume: 34
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369050
EISBN: 978-3-318-02967-3
... for an improvement in the communication skills of physicians is extremely important for patients affected by serious physical illness (e.g. cancer, HIV infection, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). Certain attitudes, behaviour and skills (e.g. capacity to impart confidence, being empathetic...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Volume: 34
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369088
EISBN: 978-3-318-02967-3
... to various pathogenic conditions. In this regard, telomeres and their response to both somatic and psychiatric illness could serve as a unifying stress-response biomarker that crosses the brain/body distinction that is often made in medicine. Prospective studies will help to clarify whether this biomarker...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365531
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... Abstract People with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have increased morbidity and shortened life expectancy compared with the general population. The prevalence of many physical illnesses is increased in people with severe mental illness and accounts for around three quarters of all deaths...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365538
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... medical conditions is associated with significant impairment, morbidity and economic costs. At the same time, recognition of anxiety and related disorders in people with medical illness may be challenging when comorbid with physical illness due in part to overlap in symptomatology. Furthermore...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365541
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... Abstract Over many years, it has been shown that cancer represents a significant proportion of excess mortality for people with mental illness. In this chapter, we probe this relationship in more detail, and examine the progression of factors that play a role in this finding. Against...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365600
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... for psychiatrists to understand the role played by cardiovascular disease in the excess mortality and morbidity of people with a diagnosis of severe and enduring mental illness [ 11 ]. However, a crucial challenge faced by those seeking to develop services for comorbid physical and mental health problems...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351370
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... Abstract Arginine is an important amino acid during disease and healing because of functions in the immune system and as precursor of nitric oxide (NO). In critically ill adults and children, plasma arginine and citrulline concentrations are substantially decreased, indicating an arginine...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 178
Published: 01 February 2013
10.1159/000342032
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9989-4
... Abstract People suffering from severe mental illness (SMI), which is defined conventionally in terms of certain diagnoses (such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, other psychoses, drug and alcohol dependence and some forms of personality disorder), duration of illness and intensity of contact...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341272
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
... Abstract Malnutrition, following critical illness-related metabolic and immune neuroendocrine derangements, is exacerbated by energy and protein deficits beginning early in the intensive care unit (ICU) stay. While nutrition support is an important component of ICU care, adverse effects can...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313771
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
..., the pandemic was associated with a mortality of approximately 16%, a high incidence of acute lung injury and, in some cases, acute respiratory distress syndrome severe enough to require support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. As part of such a critical illness, a percentage of patients developed...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 27
Published: 01 April 2010
10.1159/000311189
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9331-1
... Abstract Klee’s symptoms, and the rapid progression of the illness, ending with his death after only 5 years, in all probability indicate the rarest but most serious form of scleroderma, known as diffuse systemic sclerosis. Although his skin and internal organs were heavily stricken...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 27
Published: 01 April 2010
10.1159/000311203
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9331-1
... Abstract William Shakespeare was arguably one of the most prolific writers of all time. The topics explored in his works include both physicians and neurological illnesses. In addition to a review of the portrayal of neurological diseases such as dementia, epilepsy, parkinsonism...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 26
Published: 13 January 2009
10.1159/000189773
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9002-0
... Abstract Obesity is one of the most common physical health care problems among persons with severe and persistent mental illness. Obesity is a complex multifactorial chronic disease that develops from the interaction between genotype and the environment. Among individuals with serious mental...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 26
Published: 13 January 2009
10.1159/000189775
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9002-0
... Abstract Physical health care has been a frequently neglected yet essential component of the holistic care ofpeople with schizophrenia or bipolar illness. The rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease areincreased 2- to 3 fold compared with the general population. This, coupled with lower...
Book Chapter