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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529904
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... Abstract Application of extracorporeal blood purification in children is increasing with the improvement of technology and the broadening of indications in critically ill patients. Furthermore, novel devices are being made available with a miniaturized design to be applicable to pediatric...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514763
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
... such as severity of illness (e.g., extreme prematurity) and/or isolated congenital anomalies that prevent enteral nutrition. The second half of the chapter will focus on IFALD. IFALD is defined as a disease process manifested by cholestasis in infants requiring prolonged PN, and have established intestinal failure...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 82
Published: 02 November 2015
10.1159/000382007
EISBN: 978-3-318-05499-6
... Abstract Nutrition therapy provided early in the critical care setting has been shown to improve outcome. Appropriate and early nutrition interventions can attenuate the hyperdynamic systemic response and depressed immune reaction to injury, serious illness and major surgery. Controversies...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313722
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... Abstract In critically ill patients, fluid balance management is an integral part of the process of care. In patients in shock or severe sepsis, aggressive initial fluid resuscitation has been shown to improve overall prognosis. However, in critically ill patients, cumulative fluid accumulation...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313761
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... evidence for and against the use of diuretics in the critically ill, including cardiorenal syndromes. Administration of diuretics for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) remains controversial. We have to acknowledge that, regarding diuretics, there is still an important gap between current...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313762
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... modalities satisfy the requirement for both accuracy and speed. The chest x-ray is insensitive for volume overload, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is inaccurate in critically ill patients, and the volume assessment gold standard (radioisotopic measurement) is neither rapid nor inexpensive. Bioimpedance...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313766
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... algorithm to aid in the decision on when to initiate RRT in adult critically ill patients. This algorithm was developed using available clinical evidence, recognizing the inherent limitations of observational studies. It aims to provide a starting point for clinicians and future prospective studies. We also...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 156
Published: 10 May 2007
10.1159/000102008
EISBN: 978-3-318-01456-3
... to the syndromeof septic AKI, especially in critically ill patients. In such patients, several assumptionsassociated with the ‘pre-renal azotemia paradigm’ are violated. In particular, there is no evidencethat ATN is the histopathological substrate of septic AKI, there is no evidence thaturine tests can...
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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 8
Published: 29 July 2003
10.1159/000072749
EISBN: 978-3-318-00943-9
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 8
Published: 29 July 2003
10.1159/000072750
EISBN: 978-3-318-00943-9
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 8
Published: 29 July 2003
10.1159/000072754
EISBN: 978-3-318-00943-9
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 8
Published: 29 July 2003
10.1159/000072755
EISBN: 978-3-318-00943-9
Book Chapter