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hysteria

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Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 52
Published: 01 January 1929
10.1159/000396633
EISBN: 978-3-318-03800-2
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359990
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract An ‘explanatory epidemiology' of disorders labelled ‘hysteria' towards the end of the 19th century provides precious information - through the numerous statistical works of the period - about the conceptions of practitioners and the various cultural factors which made this era...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360436
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Hysteria has generated the most heated debates among physicians, from antiquity to the present day. It has been long confused with neuroses and neurological pathologies such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy, principally associated with women and sexual disorders. The clinical...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360052
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... to medical education and practice. In this chapter, the concept of ‘hysteria' is put into a medical humanities perspective. We review the concept of hysteria concisely. Two novels and one autobiographical story are used as material in order to study how ‘hysteria' is represented in literary work. Madame...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360063
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract There have been many descriptions of presumed ‘hysterics' in fiction, many appearing in French literature, but also in a number of other languages. It is clear that contemporary medical ideas and insights about hysteria had a major influence on its depiction in novels...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360244
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Sigmund Freud developed a specific interest in hysteria after his stay with Professor Jean-Martin Charcot during the winter of 1885-1886, although his previous activity mainly consisted of neuropathology and general medical practice. Most of his initial studies on hysteria (hysteria...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360060
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... on the soldier himself and his willingness to recover [ 11 ]. These concepts derived from pithiatism, introduced by Joseph Babinski (1857-1932) before the war. Between 1901 and 1908, Babinski cast doubt on Jean-Martin Charcot's (1825-1893) ideas, transforming hysteria into a purely functional illness in which...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360062
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract In the 20th century the term hysteria declined and the interest in the hysteria-related diseases decreased in comparison to the florid period of studies that was inspired by Charcot's legacy in the second half of the 19th century. Scientific interest has once again increased...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360242
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract This historical review presents the advances made mostly during the last 200 years on the description, concepts, theories, and (more specifically) cure of patients suffering from hysteria, a still obscure entity. The denomination of the syndrome has changed over time, from hysteria...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360064
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract ‘Hysteria' (conversion disorder) remains in modern humanity and across cultures, as it has for millennia. Advances today in tools and criteria have afforded more accurate diagnosis, and advances in treatments have empowered patients and providers, resulting in a renewed interest...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02647-4
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 31
Published: 07 March 2013
10.1159/000343250
EISBN: 978-3-318-02272-8
... Abstract During the second half of the 19th century, sociopolitical conditions and society's interest in psychological questions transformed the millennial concept of hysteria into a sociocultural representation of the female condition and sexuality. Influenced by the public demonstrations...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321783
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract The studies on hysteria and hypnotism probably constitute the most important long-term work of Jean-Martin Charcot and his school, starting around 1870 until Charcot’s death in 1893. Désiré Bourneville, Charcot’s sixth interne at La Salpêtrière , was probably instrumental...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 52
Published: 01 January 1929
10.1159/000396630
EISBN: 978-3-318-03800-2
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359988
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract The many changes in the etiopathogenic theories of hysteria, developed from the end of the 18th century to the end of World War I, can only be understood by studying the social, political, economic, and cultural transformations of the Western world during the same period...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359991
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... marked by the development of a huge group of students which focused on the study and management of hysteria. When Charcot took office at the beginning of 1862, hysteria was a ‘no-man's land', medically speaking, since neither the alienists nor the internists had much interest in this condition. At La...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360058
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Babinski, ‘Chef de Clinique' of Charcot from 1885 to 1887, fully supported the ideas of his teacher on hysteria and thought that a dynamic brain cortical lesion is the cause of the disease. After Charcot's death in 1893, Babinski gradually revised his position. In a first step, he...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360055
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract At the end of the 19th century, neurasthenia and hysteria were considered distinct diseases. Specifically, neurasthenia was regarded as a disease of the body, whereas hysteria was regarded as a disease of the psyche. However, immediately before World War I, due to their common...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360056
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Paul Sollier (1861-1933) and Pierre Janet (1859-1947) shared the same fate: achieving fame during their lives, then slipping into obscurity. However, their work is highly relevant for describing and explaining hysteria in the tradition of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893). Both men had...