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hyperglycemia

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 29
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000506548
EISBN: 978-3-318-06734-7
... Abstract This chapter reviews significant milestones in the history of the metabolic management of hyperglycemia in pregnancy. During the pre-insulin era, women with diabetes rarely became pregnant, and when they did, the prognosis for both mother and child was most unfavorable. The cornerstone...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
10.1159/000480164
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
..., the hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome (HAPO) study provided the best evidence base to support answers to some of these questions – yet, some remain unsolved and others are still a matter of debate. Translating clinical evidence to practice guidelines is not a pure matter of science, but other...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
10.1159/000480175
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
... Abstract Among noncommunicable diseases spreading worldwide, maternal obesity and hyperglycemia in pregnancy (HIP) represent a major public health concern. Not only are these anomalies progressing with increasing prevalence but recent research demonstrated that HIP is associated...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 24
Published: 17 November 2014
10.1159/000363462
EISBN: 978-3-318-02337-4
... Abstract Increased blood glucose (BG) levels is common in critically ill patients both with and without a previous history of diabetes. Morbidity and mortality related to hyperglycemia is an important issue when managing BG in critically ill patients. Thus far, however, the characteristics...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 24
Published: 17 November 2014
10.1159/000363468
EISBN: 978-3-318-02337-4
... Abstract Hyperglycemia is a common in-hospital problem and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. A critical review of pertinent studies and peer-reviewed publications related to inpatient glycemia was conducted. Diabetes mellitus is a problem of worldwide proportion that leads to frequent...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 45
Published: 14 February 2008
10.1159/000115118
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8428-9
... Abstract Both type I and type II diabetes are powerful and independent risk factors for coronaryartery disease (CAD), stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Atherosclerosis accounts forvirtually 80% of all deaths among diabetic patients. Prolonged exposure to hyperglycemia isnow recognized...
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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341275
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
... Abstract Stress-related hyperglycemia is a common finding in acutely ill patients, and is related to the severity and outcome of the critical illness. The pathophysiology of stress hyperglycemia includes hormonal and neural signals, leading to increased production of glucose by the liver...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514736
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
... is an important energy source for preterm infants given their large brain and heart to overall weight ratio. Preterm infants continue to produce glucose despite glucose supplementation, and this may contribute to the development of hyperglycemia. Both insufficient and excess total energy intakes...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
10.1159/000480176
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
... Abstract Maternal diabetes in pregnancy has short-term as well as long-term implications for the offspring. Observational studies in humans and animals as well as interventional studies in animals have found associations between fetal exposure to intrauterine hyperglycemia and later development...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
... thresholds for gestational diabetes mellitus, are related to the risk of neonatal macrosomia, hypoglycaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia. Diabetologia 2007;50:298–306. 18. HAPO Study Cooperative Research Group, Metzger BE, Lowe LP, Dyer AR, Trimble ER, Chaovarindr U, Coustan DR, et al: Hyperglycemia...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485695
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
..., hemodialysis-induced hyperglycemia may occur, in which plasma glucose decreases during hemodialysis and appears to rise after hemodialysis. On the other hand, hemodialysis patients with diabetes tend to develop hypoglycemia due to various factors. In addition, autonomic nervous system disorders may complicate...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 192
Published: 08 February 2018
10.1159/000484287
EISBN: 978-3-318-06251-9
...: We conducted an epidemiological study to determine the association between SUA quartiles with cardiometabolic risk factors (CRF) and renal impairment in apparently healthy young adults. CRF (dyslipidemia, overweight [Ow], obesity [Ob], blood pressure [BP], hyperglycemia, insulin resistance [IR...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 24
Published: 17 November 2014
10.1159/000363460
EISBN: 978-3-318-02337-4
... Abstract In 1993, the Diabetes Control Complications Trial (DCCT) study established that chronic hyperglycemia initiates and progresses to microvascular complications such as retinopathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The milestone message from DCCT has been that early near-normalization...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 24
Published: 17 November 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02337-4
..., Schetz M, Vlasselaers D, Ferdinande P, Lauwers P, Bouillon R: Intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 2001;345:1359-1367. 8. Pichardo-Lowden AR, Fan CY, Gabbay RA: Management of hyperglycemia in the non-intensive care patient: featuring subcutaneous insulin protocols...