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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520787
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... with dental erosive tooth wear. Caries Res. 2015;49(3):236–42. 5. Nibali L, Di Iorio A, Tu YK, Vieira AR. Host genetics role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease and caries. J Clin Periodontol. 2017 Mar;44(Suppl 18):S52–78. 6. Bahari M, Oskoee SS, Chaharom MEE, Kahnamoui MA, Gholizadeh S...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/000510416
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
... Abstract The dynamic population of microbes that reside in the gastrointestinal tract plays a pivotal role in orchestrating several aspects of host physiology and health, including but not limited to nutrient extraction and metabolism, as well as the regulation of intestinal epithelial barrier...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510186
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The present narrative review provides a summary of the temporal and spatial reactions of the oral microbiome to the placement of a dental implant into the oral cavity, depicting the most important interactions between the oral microbiota and the host response involved...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000504996
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... provides a multitude of proteins, microRNAs, and other components that putatively interact with the host intestinal innate mucosal immune system to control infection, modulate intestinal inflammation, and provide signaling to distal sites for the development of adaptive immunity as well as growth...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 32
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475736
EISBN: 978-3-318-05974-8
... Abstract Gut bacteria exert a variety of metabolic functions unavailable to the host and are increasingly seen as a virtual organ located inside our gastrointestinal tract. Scattered in our intestinal epithelium, enteroendocrine cells (EECs) regulate several aspects of the host's physiology...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 42
Published: 10 April 2014
10.1159/000358315
EISBN: 978-3-318-02639-9
.... The possible involvement of the ‘microbiota-gut-brain' axis in the development of obesity is further discussed, as is the perspective of meta-omic technologies that give insight into the functions and potential effect of the non-cultured intestinal bacteria on the host health. Understanding how modifications...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000355964
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
..., and the host's defences become irrevocably compromised. HPV antigen-specific effector cells are poorly recruited to the infected focus, and their activity is downregulated; neoplastic HPV-containing cervical keratinocytes expressing high levels of E6 and E7 oncoproteins are not killed in this immunosuppressive...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 43
Published: 29 February 2012
10.1159/000335269
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9856-9
... Abstract Despite impressive advances in the field of allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a significant obstacle to overcome. Whereas our understanding of the pathophysiology of acute GVHD has greatly improved, so has our knowledge...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 43
Published: 29 February 2012
10.1159/000335270
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9856-9
... Abstract Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the primary cause of non-relapse-related morbidity and mortality in patients who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Dermatologic manifestations are common in both acute and chronic GVHD. In the acute setting, skin involvement often...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 43
Published: 29 February 2012
10.1159/000335404
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9856-9
... Abstract Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious and life-threatening complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cutaneous manifestations such as lichenoid or sclerotictype skin changes have been frequently observed in these patients. UVA1 phototherapy...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329675
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... involve the development of a pathogenic biofilm, invasion of connective tissue by bacteria or their products, induction of a destructive host response in connective tissue and limitation of are pair process that follows tissue breakdown. Animal studies can test hypotheses related to each of these steps...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324654
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract The dynamic interactions of the major respiratory microbial pathogens are complex. An understanding of the impact on naturally acquired immune responses to respiratory polymicrobial commensal bacteria is slowly evolving. Maintaining a micro-floral balance and the host’s ability...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 17
Published: 31 May 2011
10.1159/000324026
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9711-1
... Abstract Sepsis is a very heterogeneous clinical syndrome broadly defined as the systemic host response to an infection. Until recently, the concept that mortality is the consequence of an uncontrolled hyperinflammatory response of the host was widely accepted. However, although some patients...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Directions in Autoimmunity
Volume: 11
Published: 18 February 2010
10.1159/000289204
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9384-7
... aspects of TNF-mediated regulation of host-mycobacteria interactions. In particular, recent data using either mutant mice expressing solely membrane TNF or specific inhibitor sparing membrane TNF demonstrated that membrane TNF is sufficient to control acute M. tuberculosis infection. This is opening...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235769
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
... Abstract The α-proteobacterial genus Bartonella comprises numerous arthropod-borne pathogens that share a common host-restricted life-style, which is characterized by long-lasting intraerythrocytic infections in their specific mammalian reservoirs and transmission by blood-sucking arthropods...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235770
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
... Abstract Legionella pneumophila is the etiological agent of Legionnaires’ disease and of the less acute disease Pontiac fever. It is a Gram-negative bacterium present in fresh and artificial water environments that replicates in protozoan hosts and is also found in biofilms. Replication...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 64
Published: 25 August 2009
10.1159/000235787
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9168-3
... activate pathogenic bacterial antigen-specific effector T cells that cause chronic inflammation in genetically susceptible hosts but induce protective immune responses in normal subjects. Both host and microbial specificities are important. Some bacterial species are aggressive, some are neutral and others...