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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
10.1159/000356440
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... Abstract The hippocampus is a temporal brain structure belonging to the limbic lobe and is fundamentally involved in memory processing, learning, and emotions. It consists of two allocortex laminae: the gyrus dentatus and the cornu ammonis, one rolled up inside the other, creating a bulge...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494948
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... lenticulaire,” the lesion of which causes anarthria. But his illustration of “zone lenticulaire” which appears repeatedly in his papers dealing with aphasia, is anatomically incorrect since the most important portions of Broca’s area, opercular part and triangular part of the inferior frontal gyrus are missing...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494952
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... with agraphia causes kanji agraphia; alexia of kana with an angular gyrus lesion is the result of a damage to the middle occipital gyrus; (2) alexia with agraphia for kanji is caused by a posterior inferior temporal cortex (mid-fusiform/inferior temporal gyri; visual word form area) lesion, whereas pure...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333602
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Quadrangular lobule 47 Central lobule 48 Ala of the central lobule V Trigeminal nerve VII Facial nerve VIII Vestibulocochlear nerve IX Glossopharyngeal nerve Abbreviations: Anatomical structures of cerebral hemispheres (sections XIII-XXIV) Gyri (purple) CG Cingulate gyrus...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
10.1159/000360925
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... (CA1-CA3). The other regions that together comprise the hippocampal formation consist of the dentate gyrus, the subicular complex, and the entorhinal cortex. Based on its extrinsic connectivity, the hippocampal formation receives a vast amount of highly processed multimodal sensory information...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494951
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
..., rejecting the idea of a left frontal lobe center that mediated writing and proposing a unique, specialized role for the left angular gyrus in both reading and writing. In 1891 and 1892, he detailed the symptoms of alexia and agraphia that resulted from injury to the left angular gyrus and from the isolation...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
10.1159/000356418
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... the dentate gyrus, hippocampus (CA3, CA2, CA1), subiculum, presubiculum, parasubiculum, and entorhinal cortex (fig. 1 ). Each of these structures contains a number of different cell types and different sets of intrinsic connections, as well as interconnections with other brain regions, both of which exhibit...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 84
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000457921
EISBN: 978-3-318-06670-8
... ethmoid; ER, ethmoidal roof; FS, frontal sinus; IT, inferior turbinate; MOG, medial orbital gyrus; MT, middle turbinate; ON, optic nerve; PE, posterior ethmoid; PG, pituitary gland; PS, planum sphenoidale; PSt, pituitary stalk; SpS, sphenoid sinus; TS, tuberculum sellae. Fig. 3. Axial section...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 27
Published: 17 November 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9606-0
..., Gage FH, Schinder AF: Neurons born in the adult dentate gyrus form functional synapses with target cells. Nat Neurosci 2008;11:901-907 17. Zhao C, Teng EM, Summers RG, Jr, Ming GL, Gage FH: Distinct morphological stages of dentate granule neuron maturation in the adult mouse hippocampus. J Neurosci...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 35
Published: 21 June 2006
10.1159/000094324
EISBN: 978-3-318-01379-5
... normalizedthe deficient granule cell proliferation that aging mice present in the dentate gyrus, and attenuatedseveral markers of hippocampal aging, such as astrocytosis, high lipofucsin content andneuronal loss in the hilus of the dentate gyrus. These effects may be important for the regulationof the HPA axis...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 31
Published: 02 August 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06051-5
... at short lags. J Neurosci 2006;26:8352-8359. 8. Aimone JB, Deng W, Gage FH: Resolving new memories: a critical look at the dentate gyrus, adult neurogenesis, and pattern separation. Neuron 2011;70:589-596. 9. Johnston ST, Shtrahman M, Parylak S, Goncalves JT, Gage FH: Paradox of pattern separation...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509909
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
... (MCS) to treat the sensory experience of pain may not at first seem intuitive as we generally consider the precentral gyrus responsible for motor output and the postcentral gyrus responsible for processing nociceptive input. Penfield and Jasper in the early 1950s first suggested...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 27
Published: 17 November 2010
10.1159/000319515
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9606-0
... MDD, is also associated with decreased cell proliferation and/or neurogenesis in the hippocampal region [ 45 – 48 ]. For example, in rodents, the number of proliferating cells in the dentate gyrus decreases about 30-fold between the age of 2 and 18 months [ 46 ]. Similar data are observed in primates...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 180
Published: 11 February 2015
10.1159/000363587
EISBN: 978-3-318-02602-3
... consistently reported structural abnormalities in the prefronto-striatal networks. Functional neuroimaging studies during social tasks have revealed altered patterns of activation in the fusiform gyrus and the superior temporal sulcus, two regions implicated in face recognition and social processing. Moreover...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
10.1159/000357925
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... Abstract The human hippocampus is a highly complex structure located on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres as a part of the intralimbic gyrus. For clinical purposes, in addition to routine transverse MRI slices, acquisitions parallel and perpendicular to the long axis...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Published: 03 July 2013
10.1159/000346416
EISBN: 978-3-318-02309-1
... Abstract Neurogenesis is principally restricted to the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle wall and the subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus in physiological situations. However, neuronal stem cells are known to be mobilized into the post- and peristroke area and we have...