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gingivali

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... complexes in subgingival plaque. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25:134-144 9. Amano A, Nakagawa I, Okahashi N, Hamada N: Variations of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae in relation to microbial pathogenesis. J Periodontal Res 2004;39:136-142 10. Haubek D, Ennibi OK, Poulsen K, Poulsen S, Benzarti N...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329675
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... bacterial strains associated with periodontitis in humans have been used in this model, including Porphyromonas gingivalis [ 3 , 35 - 37 ], A. actinomycetemcomitans [ 38 ], Tannerella forsythia [ 39 ] and Treponema denticola [ 40 ]. Typically, mice or rats are given a known number of bacteria...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329669
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... abundant taxa are in general those organisms traditionally associated to a ‘pathogenic’ biofilm. The red complex bacteria, Tanerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Porphyromonas gingivalis , seem to hold the greatest association with periodontally involved sites [ 8 ]. Although these species...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... 33. Klausen B, Evans RT, Ramamurthy NS, Golub LM, Sfintescu C, Lee JY, Bedi G, Zambon JJ, Genco RJ: Periodontal bone level and gingival proteinase activity in gnotobiotic rats immunized with Bacteroides gingivalis . Oral Microbiol Immunol 1991;6:193-201 34. Chang KM, Ramamurthy NS, McNamara TF...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510184
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
.... Microorganisms metabolize sugar and create an acidic environment where aciduric bacteria (including mutans streptococci) become dominant, which leads to the demineralization of enamel and dentine. Porphyromonas gingivalis causes biofilm dysbiosis in the development of periodontal disease. Biofilm-associated...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510196
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... ( Streptococcus mutans , S. sobrinus , Lactobacillus acidophilus ) was higher at a low pH, the metabolic activity was highest at pH 6–6.5, and biofilm mass was greatest at pH 7–7.5. In the biofilm representing periodontitis, the percentage of Porphyromonas gingivalis increased with the pH. Also, the metabolic...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329670
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
...-1β [ 55 ]. Interestingly, NALP3 can recognize whole bacterium, RNA, uric acid or ATP to induce the caspase-1 activation required for IL-1β processing [ 56 ], and recently Porphyromonas gingivalis has also been shown to modulate NALP3 signaling [ 57 , 58 ]. The NLRs include NALPs that can form...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510188
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... actinomycetemcomitans , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Tannerella forsythia , and Treponema denticola [ 11 ]. Periodontal infections associated with P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans are considered as true infections [ 12 ]. These pathogens represent exogenous microorganisms [ 12 ] and can be found at low...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
...References References 1. Kinane DF, Hajishengallis G: Polymicrobial infections, biofilms, and beyond. J Clin Periodontol 2009;36:404-405 2. Lamont RJ, Jenkinson HF: Life below the gum line: pathogenic mechanisms of Porphyromonas gingivalis . Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 1998;62:1244-1263 3...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9834-7
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329676
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... diverse microbiota [ 24 , 25 ]. It has been suggested that among the numerous recognized taxa, only a few gram-negative bacterial species play a specific role [ 26 ]. For two organisms, Porphyromonas gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans , longitudinal or retrospective studies have indicated...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510193
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... crevicular fluid [ 8 ]. A key feature of periodontitis is the dysbiosis of the subgingival biofilm, which is promoted by so-called keystone pathogens, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis [ 9 ]. Other microorganisms which have been strongly associated with periodontitis are Aggregatibacter...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329673
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... with periodontal disease, including A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, T.forsythia, T. denticola, F. nucleatum, E. nodatum, P. intermedia and P. nigrescens [ 4 - 6 ]. P. gingivalis, T. forsythia and T. denticola belong to the red complex described by Socransky et al. [ 5 ], while...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
..., Slots J: The capability of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Bacteroides gingivalis and Bacteroides intermedius to indicate progressive periodontitis; a retrospective study. J Clin Periodontol 1987;14:95-99 28. Grossi SG, Zambon JJ, Ho AW, Koch G, Dunford RG, Machtei EE, Norderyd OM, Genco...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Microbiol 2014;29:45–54. 3. Darveau RP, Hajishengallis G, Curtis MA: Porphyromonas gingivalis as a potential community activist for disease. J Dent Res 2012;91:816–820. 4. Nascimento GG, Baelum V, Dahlen G, Lopez R: Methodological issues in assessing the association between periodontitis...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... to Bacteroides gingivalis in periodontitis: a longitudinal study. J Periodontal Res 1987;22:426-430 76. Aukhil I, Lopatin DE, Syed SA, Morrison EC, Kowalski CJ: The effects of periodontal therapy on serum antibody (IgG) levels to plaque microorganisms. J Clin Periodontol 1988;15:544-550 77. Murray PA...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329678
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... and transgenic rabbits over-expressing 15-LO generate enhanced levels of LX, exhibit a reduced inflammatory phenotype, and are protected from bone loss in periodontal disease [ 94 ] ( fig. 2 ). LXA4 prevents periodontal inflammation and bone loss induced by P. gingivalis...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329667
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... oral cavity [ 4 ]. Some subgingival species, such as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia , stood out in that they were found with increased prevalence and in clearly elevated numbers at diseased sites in comparison to healthy control sites...
Book Chapter
... mice against lethal viral infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2008;105:1644-1649 4. Koizumi Y, Kurita-Ochiai T, Yamamoto M: Transcutaneous immunization with an outer membrane protein of Porphyromonas gingivalis without adjuvant elicits marked antibody responses. Oral Microbiol Immunol 2008;23:131-138...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510203
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... ]. Moreover, the arginine deiminase activity might be of importance in the prevention of periodontal disease. ADS may also prevent gingival inflammation [ 31 ]. It has also been reported to inhibit Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilm development in vitro [ 32 ]. Arginine deiminase of S. cristatus was able...