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Book Chapter
Published: 15 February 1995
10.1159/000424642
EISBN: 978-3-318-04779-0
.... Hyaluronic acid might therefore act as a friction-reducing molecular lubricant. In the lateral wall of the cochlea an accumulation of hyaluronic acid occurred in the loose connective tissue of the spiral ligament, in particular close to the stria vascularis. Due to its complex molecular network, hyaluronic...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/000358790
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... Abstract Saliva is capable of decreasing friction force by at least 2 orders of magnitude when in between hydrophobic surfaces. This ability to lubricate is key to oral health, food processing and taste perception. In this paper different mechanisms of saliva lubrication are reviewed...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 100
Published: 27 May 2014
10.1159/000358478
EISBN: 978-3-318-02195-0
... test) which has been in worldwide use in modified variations since 1959. The rub test (‘friction test') was added in 1961. Systematically applied provocation tests started with conjunctival provocation (1907), followed by nasal and bronchial provocation with allergens (1914 and 1925). The 20th...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 34
Published: 05 February 2007
10.1159/000099608
EISBN: 978-3-318-01428-0
... Abstract Protection from physical noxae must include multiple approaches; physical irritantcontact dermatitis develops most likely when the cumulative exposure to several physicalfactors, such as climatic environmental conditions and friction, pressure or occlusion isgiven. The additive effect...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321057
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... ‘Diaper rash’ is a non-specific term that describes an irritant diaper dermatitis that occurs regularly specifically between the ages of 6 and 12 months. These inflammatory skin reactions have as aetio-logical factors skin wetness, biochemical irritants, friction, inadequate hygiene and dietary patterns...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/000358782
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
.... mostly proteins, and the dimensions of the pellicle are in the range of nanometers. The methodology is based on the friction force spectroscopy operation mode of the atomic force microscope (AFM). In this mode, the nanometric tip/probe of the AFM is used to scan micrometric areas of the sample while...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 18
Published: 01 December 2015
10.1159/000351898
EISBN: 978-3-318-05480-4
... on the reduction of friction related to the sliding of the brackets on the wire. Despite the repeated demonstration of the fact that friction is only a minor part of resistance to sliding, the marketing of special brackets characterized by low friction has had a significant impact on orthodontics [ 22 , 23 , 24...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... A, Mendoza B, Levine MJ, Hatton MN, Douglas WH: In vitro characterization of human salivary lubrication. Arch Oral Biol 1989;34:675-677. 30. Ranc H, Elkhyat A, Servais C, Mac-Mary S, Launay B, Humbert P: Friction coefficient and wettability of oral mucosal tissue: changes induced by a salivary layer...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321059
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... [’Behind-The-Knee’ (BTK) test] to assess combined chemical irritation and frictional effects. Results showed the new product and its components to be as mild to the skin as other commercially available materials with no evidence for the induction of delayed contact hypersensitivity. Pads with emollient...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
10.1159/000315027
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... solutions increase residence time [ 11 ], yet have a tendency to blur vision upon instillation [ 12 ]. The introduction of HPG as a gelling agent in artificial tears has allowed formulations to exhibit viscoelastic and tribological (evaluation of friction) properties. These properties can be optimized...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321042
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... ]. Vulvar skin differs from exposed skin in the characteristics of skin hydration, friction, permeability and visually discernible irritation (reviewed in Oriba et al. [ 57 ] and Farage et al. [ 58 ]). It is commonly assumed that aged skin is intrinsically less hydrated, less elastic, more permeable...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 18
Published: 01 December 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05480-4
... (Macaca mulatta) . Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1995;108:500-509. 21. Darendeliler MA, Joho JP: Magnetic activator device II (MAD II) for correction of Class II, division 1 malocclusions. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1993;103:223-239. 22. Henao SP, Kusy RP: Evaluation of the frictional...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 17
Published: 30 July 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02461-6
... regeneration. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2012;100 B:1435-1443. 46. Nagaoka S, Akashi R: Low-friction hydrophilic surface for medical devices. Biomaterials 1990;11:419-424. 47. Venâncio FR, Vedovello SAS, Tubel CAM, Degan VV, Lucato AS, Lealdim LN: Effect of elastomeric ligatures on frictional...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 17
Published: 30 July 2015
10.1159/000381688
EISBN: 978-3-318-02461-6
... activity to dental resins against Escherichia coli and Streptococcus mutans , common strains widely found in the oral cavity. Macromolecular Membranes and Low-Friction Polymers for Dentistry Periodontitis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases in humans and the main cause of damage...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 47
Published: 26 February 2015
10.1159/000369412
EISBN: 978-3-318-02775-4
... to hair length. There is no relationship between new hair growth, hair loss, and hair length. This is a myth that should be dispelled. With time, the hair undergoes weathering. Weathering is due to the trauma that the hair sustains from combing, brushing, shampooing, wind friction, UV exposure, etc...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02596-5
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... M Farage MA: Lotion technology applied to pads: a different way of thinking about pads and women vulvar skin (abstract). Int J Gynecol Obstet 2003; 83: ((suppl 3)) 85 17. Farage MA Berardesca E Maibach HI: Skin moisturization and frictional effects of an emollient-treated menstrual pad...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526046
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... procedure, there is friction between the needle and the needle tube or cartridge due to the fast back and forth movement of the needle. This friction may cause the release of small particles of the needle and needle nozzle to be inserted into the skin together with the ink. Distribution of nickel...
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 25 July 1966
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-05204-6
EISBN: 978-3-318-05204-6
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 53
Published: 13 November 2017
10.1159/000479198
EISBN: 978-3-318-06101-7
..., thickened or hyperkeratotic skin may appear, which may be painful and impair the range of motion and function [ 1 , 13 ]. HFR is a dose-dependent reaction and typically localizes to areas of pressure or friction on the skin, such as on the heels, metatarsal heads, and areas of friction caused by shoes...