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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516731
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... Fluids Electrolytes Dehydration Rehydration Oral rehydration solution Key Messages Understanding body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis including sodium balance and water regulation. Recognize the impact of diarrheal illness on fluid and electrolyte balance. Understanding...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516703
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... Functional constipation Diet Dietary fiber Prebiotics Microbiome Key Messages The pathophysiology of functional constipation in children is multifactorial and includes dietary factors such as inadequate fluid and fiber intake. Current pediatric guidelines support the use...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06383-7
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 194
Published: 26 April 2018
10.1159/000485602
EISBN: 978-3-318-06307-3
... Abstract The most frequent indication for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is for fluid management - either to treat or prevent fluid overload. An association exists between exposure to positive or negative fluid balance (FB), compared with even FB, on one-year mortality and renal...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 58
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/000455265
EISBN: 978-3-318-06033-1
... Abstract Macular edema is the swelling of the central portion of the human retina and it is associated with increased retinal thickness. It can be simply defined as an excess of fluid within the retinal tissue. It must be realized that the normal retina possesses a functional extracellular...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 189
Published: 22 December 2016
10.1159/000450636
EISBN: 978-3-318-05929-8
...: correction of the blood flow conditions of the patient and enhancement of water and solute transport from the extravascular to intravascular compartment. There are several I-HDF modalities: those using (1) saline solution, (2) sterile substitution fluid, (3) ultrapure dialysis fluid via the rapid infusion...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 39
Published: 03 August 2016
10.1159/000445452
EISBN: 978-3-318-05865-9
... Abstract Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is increasingly being used to detect biochemical changes that occur in different neurological conditions. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), three CSF biomarkers (Aβ 42 , total tau, and phosphorylated tau) are used in clinical practice to support...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 187
Published: 12 February 2016
10.1159/000442368
EISBN: 978-3-318-05826-0
... Abstract The goal of fluid therapy in critical care medicine is to restore hemodynamic stability and vital organ perfusion while avoiding interstitial edema. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill patients. Decisions regarding fluid management in critically ill...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 185
Published: 26 May 2015
10.1159/000380979
EISBN: 978-3-318-05465-1
... Abstract Dialysis fluid is a fundamental component of hemodialysis treatment, and its roles include the correction of electrolyte levels, pH, and osmolality, as well as the removal of uremic solutes from the blood of patients with renal failure. In recent years, purification of dialysis fluid...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000367869
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... Fluids Electrolytes Rehydration Key Messages • Maintenance of body water is principally governed by the kidney, except in pathologic states such as diarrheal disease • Intestinal transportation of water and electrolytes is a finely tuned phenomenon regulated by complex...
Book Chapter
Published: 02 April 2015
10.1159/000365469
EISBN: 978-3-318-02697-9
..., leading to a parallel pathway for cerebrospinal fluid resorption through the extracellular space of the brain. This works well until deep white matter ischemia develops in which the myelin protein attracts the polar water molecules, leading to increased resistance to outflow of cerebrospinal fluid...
Book Chapter
Published: 02 April 2015
10.1159/000365470
EISBN: 978-3-318-02697-9
... towards the most appropriate and safe treatment options when injury occurs. Misalignments of C₀-C 1 , C 1 -C 2 brought on by head or neck trauma can manifest in different outcomes. Some of those outcomes can affect or cause neural compromise, and/or some may contribute to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow...
Book Chapter
Published: 02 April 2015
10.1159/000365473
EISBN: 978-3-318-02697-9
... Abstract The importance of visualizing and measuring cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics of patients in the upright position is described. Recent observations from the FONAR Upright® Weight-Bearing Multi-Position TM MRI likely to provide a new understanding of the origin of neurodegenerative...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 May 2014
10.1159/000358021
EISBN: 978-3-318-02600-9
... be tackled by proteomics, which has been used increasingly along with genetics and other ‘-omics' approaches. In the present chapter, we explore some advances in proteomic studies involving brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid collected from schizophrenic patients. We demonstrate that proteomic findings have...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000341945
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... Abstract During prolonged exercise, fluid and salt losses through sweating reduce plasma volume which leads to heart rate drift in association with hyperthermia and reductions in performance. Oral rehydration with water reduces the loss of plasma volume and lessens heart rate drift...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000341958
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... the rehydration success of the drink. It is well known that addition of sodium and some other nutrients to rehydration drinks enhances fluid balance restoration after exercise, but the effects of milk proteins have been less well documented. Skimmed milk is an effective post-exercise rehydration solution...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337892
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... Abstract Fluid management is recognized as a basic component of management of patients on dialysis. Fluid overload is an important adverse factor in patient outcomes, and the negative effects of fluid depletion, including on residual renal function, are aIso increasingly being recognized...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337848
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... reabsorption and decreased free water transport (aquaporin failure). This article briefly discusses the clinical significance of disturbances in ultrafiltration, possible improvements in treatment options, and how to achieve or maintain fluid homeostasis. Water transport in peritoneal dialysis (PD...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 28
Published: 23 April 2012
10.1159/000335385
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9803-3
... been proposed and rely upon biomarker evidence of AD pathology in conjunction with mild clinical symptoms. In this chapter, we present the core cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for AD, namely total tau (T-tau), phosphorylated tau (P-tau) and the 42-amino-acid form of amyloid β (Aβ 42 ), and discuss how...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329410
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... Abstract Fluid management in critically ill patients is a complex process as aggressive fluid resuscitation is commonly utilized for initial hemodynamic support and fluid administration often contributes to fluid retention, particularly when there is impaired kidney function. Recent evidence...