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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
10.1159/000360715
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
... Abstract Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a targeted microbiome-based therapy that has garnered a great deal of attention from the scientific, clinical, and lay communities. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that FMT is a highly effective therapy for recurrent...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 10
Published: 22 September 1986
10.1159/000412634
EISBN: 978-3-318-03633-6
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
...References References 1. Turnbaugh PJ, Ley RE, Hamady M, et al: The human microbiome project. Nature 2007;449:804-810. 2. Zhang F, Luo W, Shi Y, et al: Should we standardize the 1,700-year-old fecal microbiota transplantation? Am J Gastroenterol 2012;107:1755. 3. Brandt LJ, Aroniadis...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... incontinence. JAMA 1995;274:559-561. 3. Chassagne P, Landrin I, Neveu C, Czernichow P, Bouaniche M, Doucet J, Denis P, Bercoff E: Fecal incontinence in the institutionalized elderly: incidence, risk factors, and prognosis. Am J Med 1999;106:185-190. 4. Ho KS, Ho YH: Diagnosing and managing faecal...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434672
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
..., published outcomes, and complications that can arise. Based on our review, SNS is an effective treatment option for fecal incontinence and may reduce the patients' clinical symptoms and help restore their quality of life. Future research studies may expand the role of this modality for other bowel disorders...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519390
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
.... Ongoing data analysis will evaluate gastrointestinal tolerance parameters, intake of HMOs from human milk, long-term growth outcomes, fecal microbiota, and fecal biomarkers of gut maturation and immunity. Abstract Gut microbiota plays an important role in infants’ health. The prevalence...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 40
Published: 09 October 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02730-3
...-291. 3. Clemente JC, et al: The impact of the gut microbiota on human health: an integrative view. Cell 2012;148:1258-1270. 4. Tiihonen K, Ouwehand AC, Rautonen N: Human intestinal microbiota and healthy ageing. Ageing Res Rev 2010;9:107-116. 5. Benno Y, et al: Comparison of fecal...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322432
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... Abstract Calprotectin and lactoferrin are noninvasive fecal markers that correlate well with active, neutrophilic colonic inflammation. These fecal markers are able to distinguish inflammatory conditions such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) from noninflammatory functional disorders like...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... activities of fecal microbiotas in young adults and in antibiotic-treated and non-antibiotic-treated elderly subjects. Appl Environ Microbiol 2004;70:6113-6122. 15. Woodmansey EJ: Intestinal bacteria and ageing. J Appl Microbiol 2007;102:1178-1186. 16. Hayashi H, et al: Molecular analysis of fecal...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000360314
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
...-specific examples are shown in table 1 . Tests of Maldigestion/Malabsorption/Enteric Protein Loss Analysis of the stool is a logical starting point for the investigation of malabsorption. (1) Fat malabsorption: fecal fat as assessed by 72-hour collection with diet record is an accurate, albeit...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505066
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... on the microbiome and lipidome. MFGM supplementation had moderate, albeit interesting, effects on the oral and fecal microbiome, fecal and serum/plasma metabolome, and serum and erythrocyte membrane lipidome, which also are reviewed. We conclude that studies on MFGM supplementation during infancy and childhood...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000346875
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... to the domain Bacteria, but Archaea, eukaryotes (yeasts and protists), and viruses are also present. Only 7-9 of the 55 known divisions or phyla of the domain Bacteria are detected in fecal or mucosal samples from the human gut. Most taxa belong to just two divisions, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, but other...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505030
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
..., Parabacteroides, and the clostridial family, usually thought to be characteristic of the human gut microbiome, were detected in both milk and fecal samples in a study of 7 lactating women [ 23 ]. Interestingly, in clinical trials, specific probiotic lactobacilli have been recovered in human milk after oral...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
..., Scott PH. Sorrento studies of diet and fecal flora in the newborn. Pediatr Int. 1994 Oct;36(5):579–84. 3. Hascoët J-M, Hubert C, Rochat F, et al. Effect of formula composition on the development of infant gut microbiota. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Jun;52(6):756–62. 4. Newburg DS, He Y...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455989
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... intrigued researchers for many years. Availability of newer molecular methods (e.g., 16S ribosomal RNA gene-specific primers/pyrosequencing of fecal DNA) is expected to improve our understanding of the role of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of NEC. Recent studies employing such methods to assess fecal...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351385
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
..., a number of which have shown a rapid increase in incidence over the past few decades. Factors including age, genetics, and diet may influence microbiota composition. We used diet inventories and 16S rDNA sequencing to characterize fecal samples from 98 individuals. Fecal communities clustered...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455398
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... blood group and the secretor status of an individual and certain inflammatory diseases, this review will also focus on the metabolic fate of secretor- and Lewis blood group-specific components. We conclude that there is no simple urinary or fecal excretion pattern of HMOs, although the pattern in urine...