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fear

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 28
Published: 25 March 2010
10.1159/000307083
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9405-9
... punishment. These findings indicate that there are constraints that impede the suppression of yawning using punishment, and that yawning is a delayed response to fear produced by response-dependent punishment. Yawning is seen as a stereotypical action pattern [ 1 ] because no environmental input...
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Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 5
Published: 19 February 1971
10.1159/000391577
EISBN: 978-3-318-04108-8
... Abstract In five subjects with normal circulation the respiratory and circulatory effects of suggestion of leg exercise and fear during hypnotic state were measured by means of cardiac catheterization and compared with control values in the awake state at rest and during graded supine leg...
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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Human Development
Volume: 26
Published: 29 October 2013
10.1159/000354346
EISBN: 978-3-318-02489-0
... expressions are discussed. The first focuses on the development of attentional biases towards facial expressions. Between 5 and 7 months of age infants start to attend preferentially towards fearful faces rather than happy faces and disengage attention less easily from fearful faces than from happy or neutral...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
10.1159/000356427
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... important, route concerning the role of the hippocampus in a well-established associative learning (encoding) paradigm: pavlovian fear conditioning. Fear conditioning is hypothesized to model aversive associative learning on a nonpathological level and is further assumed to recruit the same networks...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442653
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
..., self-mutilation, induced illnesses and even suicide. Fear was the constant companion of soldiers of the Great War: soldiers were either able to tame it or overwhelmed by an uncontrollable fear. Nonetheless, over the course of the war, some aspects of fear were recognised as syndromes. The French health...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507489
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... Abstract In his 1941 State of the Union address, Franklin D. Roosevelt articulated four fundamental freedoms that people “everywhere in the world” should enjoy – of speech and of worship, and from fear and from want. Food (“freedom from want”) is a fundamental human right...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 September 2013
10.1159/000351919
EISBN: 978-3-318-02464-7
... Abstract There is growing interest in the application of evolutionary theory to medicine. In this review, we outline an evolutionary approach to the anxiety disorders. We begin by considering the nature of fear and anxiety, and their evolutionary benefits. We emphasize that fear and anxiety...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 43
Published: 16 October 2018
10.1159/000490404
EISBN: 978-3-318-06394-3
.... Nevertheless, shell shock was described from a non-medical point of view by a few writers who had undergone or witnessed this pathology. Their texts deal mainly with the psychiatric forms, the most striking ones, but also with the more common concepts of commotion, emotion and pathological fear. The French...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 34
Published: 23 April 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02568-2
... and dentate gyrus. Science 2008;319:1640-1642. 3. Carr VA, Rissman J, Wagner AD: Imaging the human medial temporal lobe with high-resolution fMRI. Neuron 2010;65:298-308. 4. Sehlmeyer C, Schoning S, Zwitserlood P, Pfleiderer B, Kircher T, Arolt V, et al: Human fear conditioning and extinction...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 181
Published: 15 January 2016
10.1159/000440915
EISBN: 978-3-318-05621-1
... perspective of ARMS individuals. Research reviewed in this chapter suggests that ARMS individuals fear stigma rather than having experienced it. They suffer from fear of negative reactions from peers, leading to concealment of mental issues, social withdrawal and delayed help-seeking. According...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 September 2013
10.1159/000351938
EISBN: 978-3-318-02464-7
... with phobia as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex was activated in concert with the amygdala, both in PTSD and in phobic states, suggesting a role in fear expression, rather than emotional control. Activity in emotion-regulating areas in the ventromedial...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520774
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... the fear of failure, and (vi) it motivates greater preparedness [ 4 ]. A genome-wide association study identified hundreds of loci associated with risk taking, when several definitions of risk taking were studied: self-reported risk tolerance, adventurousness (self-reported tendency to be adventurous vs...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 32
Published: 01 July 2024
10.1159/000538872
EISBN: 978-3-318-07248-8
.... Evaluations of the quality of life, aesthetic perception, and dental fear and anxiety provide valuable insights into the patient’s emotional status and guide empathetic practice. A positive dental experience is based on communication with the patient, trust, and the proper use of behavior guidance techniques...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... are people afraid of the dentist? Observations and explanations. Med Princ Pract. 2014;23(4):295–301. 17. Berggren U. Dental fear and avoidance: A study of etiology, consequences and treatment. Göteborg: Göteborg University; 1984. 18. Berggren U, Meynert G. Dental fear and avoidance: Causes, symptoms...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 28 September 2015
10.1159/000435938
EISBN: 978-3-318-05574-0
... ]. Brain imaging research has demonstrated that sensory, affective and cognitive regions interact to determine the final pain experience. Several decades of research have identified some of the most important emotional and cognitive determinants. This chapter will discuss successively: fear and anxiety...