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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329283
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... availability per se provides a ‘trigger’ for adaptation. Consumption of low-carbohydrate, high- fat diets in the face of endurance training alters patterns of fuel utilization and subsequent exercise responses. Human studies show how low-carbohydrate, fat-rich diets interact with specific contractile stimulus...
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Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516703
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... of functional constipation, including the use of fiber supplements, prebiotics, and olive oil [ 7, 8 ]. Here we aim at providing an overview of the current literature on the role of nutrition, including fluid, fat, fibers, and prebiotics in the pathophysiology of constipation, and discuss the most recent...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505066
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... Abstract Dietary supplementation with bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) concentrates has recently emerged as a possible means to improve the health of infants and young children, or defense against infections. We identified 5 double-blind, randomized, controlled trials (DBRCT) exploring...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490291
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
... Abstract Dietary supplementation with bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) concentrates has recently emerged as a possible means to improve the health of infants and young children. Formula-fed infants are of special interest since infant formulas traditionally have lower concentrations...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490294
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
... Abstract Fatty acids (FAs) and fat-soluble vitamins are vital components of the human milk lipid fraction. About two-thirds of the human milk FA fraction consist of oleic, linoleic, and palmitic FAs, but the precise composition depends on maternal geography, diet, and genetics. Mothers...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 89
Published: 06 August 2018
10.1159/000486491
EISBN: 978-3-318-06352-3
... Abstract Lipid storage and release from fat cells in adipose tissue are key factors in the regulation of the energy balance. During infancy and adolescence, adipose tissue is growing by a combination of increase in fat cell size (to a lesser extent) and (above all) the number of these cells...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 111
Published: 18 November 2014
10.1159/000362295
EISBN: 978-3-318-02667-2
... Fat-soluble vitamins Absorption Transport Storage Functions Requirements Key Messages • The four fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and K. Due to their fat-soluble properties, they have similar absorption, transport, and storage as dietary fat. • Fat-soluble vitamins...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 60
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000357338
EISBN: 978-3-318-02577-4
... Abstract It is well known that obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), while exercise is known to reduce body fatness and attenuate the risk of T2D. The aim of this chapter is to examine the interactions between exercise, obesity and body fat distribution, and the risk for T2D...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 76
Published: 05 August 2013
10.1159/000350224
EISBN: 978-3-318-02409-8
... Abstract Fat and carbohydrate are the primary fuel sources for mitochondrial ATP production in human skeletal muscle during endurance exercise. However, fat exhibits a relatively low maximal rate of oxidation in vivo, which begins to decline at around 65% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329281
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... Abstract Fat is an important fuel for exercise but plays a secondary role to carbohydrate (CHO). Increasing fat use during exercise can decrease the reliance on CHO and spare CHO for later in training sessions or competitions that depend on CHO for success. The pathways that metabolize...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 67
Published: 15 February 2011
10.1159/000325585
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9587-2
... Abstract Dairy foods are widely recommended as part of a healthy diet mainly because of the ready availability of calcium but also because they are a good source of protein, minerals and fat soluble vitamins. On the other hand, dairy foods have been viewed with suspicion by many because dairy...
Book Chapter
Published: 23 February 2007
10.1159/000100385
EISBN: 978-3-318-01436-5
... pancreatitis develops in relation to frank parenchymal necrosis, and may consistof type I collagen in patients surviving longer. The role of fat necrosis in acute pancreatitiscould be explained as follows: when extensive fibrin thrombi in the fat necrosis are resolvedbefore the reparative change...
Book Chapter