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Published: 20 August 2004
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01132-6
EISBN: 978-3-318-01132-6
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235770
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
... and variety of eukaryotic-like proteins, predicted to be involved in the exploitation of the host cellular processes by mimicking specific eukaryotic functions. In this chapter, we will first discuss the insights gained from genomics by highlighting the characteristic features and common traits of the four L...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000504997
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... Abstract Human milk microbes play an important role in infant health and disease. Emerging evidence shows that human milk viruses are also transmitted from the mother to the infant via breastfeeding. These viruses include eukaryotic viruses, bacterium-infecting viruses called bacteriophages...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 3
Published: 13 September 2007
10.1159/000107609
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8341-1
... Abstract activity of transposable elements (TEs) has had a profound impact on the evolutionof eukaryotic genomes. Once thought to be purely selfish genomic entities, TEs are now recognizedto occupy a continuum of relationships, ranging from parasitic to mutualistic, withtheir host genomes. One...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 99
Published: 29 May 2024
10.1159/000534947
EISBN: 978-3-318-07336-2
... functional and not just nutritive structures like exosomes, bacteria, and eukaryotic cells. The complexity of human milk, its importance for infant health, and development call for future research investments to characterize deeper milk composition beyond single nutrients to understand their function...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 4
Published: 14 April 2008
10.1159/000126004
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8492-0
... Abstract Current data from complete eukaryotic genomes indicate that ancestral gene duplications,followed by a mutational process called fractionation, generated profound and orderly changesin gene content. Most of these duplicated genes are removed. At least three hypotheses mayexplain...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 3
Published: 13 September 2007
10.1159/000107603
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8341-1
... in prokaryotic viruses withinner lipid membranes, large eukaryotic nucleo-cytoplasmic DNA viruses (includingpoxviruses) and a group of eukaryotic mobile DNA transposons. We show that ATPases ofthe φ29-like packaging system are also divergent versions of the HerA/FtsK superfamily thatfunctions in viruses without...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 190
Published: 29 May 2017
10.1159/000468954
EISBN: 978-3-318-06061-4
... cells are commonly quiescent having a proliferative activity that is strongly induced by injury. As such they belong to the class sometimes designated as “wound healing” stem cells that are possibly comprised of amitotic non-eukaryotic stem cells discussed below. After the vascular wall wound has been...
Book Chapter
Series: Else Kröner-Fresenius Symposia
Volume: 5
Published: 22 December 2014
10.1159/000366571
EISBN: 978-3-318-02732-7
... Abstract During the 5th Else Kröner-Fresenius Symposium, new data were presented on the role of sestrins (Sesns) in regulating metabolism and therefore the development of aging-related pathologies. Sesns are a highly conserved gene family among eukaryotes. There are three Sesns (Sesn1, Sesn2...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 3
Published: 13 September 2007
10.1159/000107610
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8341-1
... Abstract Interspersed repetitive sequences are major components of eukaryotic genomes. Theycomprise about 50% of the mammalian genome. They interact with the whole genome andinfluence its evolution. They do this in many ways, e.g. by serving as recombination hotspots,providing a mechanism...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000346875
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... to the domain Bacteria, but Archaea, eukaryotes (yeasts and protists), and viruses are also present. Only 7-9 of the 55 known divisions or phyla of the domain Bacteria are detected in fecal or mucosal samples from the human gut. Most taxa belong to just two divisions, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, but other...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 24
Published: 04 February 2013
10.1159/000342511
EISBN: 978-3-318-02268-1
... Abstract Lipid droplets (LDs) can form in all eukaryotic cells, but white adipocytes are uniquely adapted to store energy as neutral lipid within a large unilocular LD. Non-esterified fatty acids can then be released from the LD store by lipases for use in oxidative tissues. Perilipin...
Book Chapter
Series: Biovalley Monographs
Volume: 3
Published: 28 August 2012
10.1159/000339194
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9066-2
... Abstract Cytoplasmic organelles in eukaryotes retain their own genome. Mutations in the human mitochondrial DNA are the most common cause of hereditary neuromuscular diseases. These degenerative disorders are still incurable and would need gene therapy. In plants, mitochondrial genetics...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219373
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... the PTS and other prokaryotic systems, and more complex sensory systems from eukaryotic organisms which share elements with regulatory systems is obvious. ...
Book Chapter
Book: Meiosis
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 5
Published: 28 October 2008
10.1159/000166619
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8968-0
... Abstract Pairing of homologous chromosomes is fundamental to their reliable segregation during meiosis I andthus underlies sexual reproduction. In most eukaryotes homolog pairing is confined to prophase of meiosisI and is accompanied by frequent exchanges, known as crossovers, between...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 15
Published: 17 June 2008
10.1159/000135684
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8549-1
... system thatcan act fast and often effectively against a wide range of distinct pathogens (i.e. viruses, bacteria, fungi,and eukaryotic parasites). In mammals and insects, the communication between and regulation ofimmune cells is carried out by cytokines which orchestrate the defense against the invaders...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 3
Published: 13 September 2007
10.1159/000107607
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8341-1
... exhibit more complex patterns than homopeptides. Irrespective oftheir precise organization, repetitive sequences are defined as low complexity or simplesequences, as one or a few residues are particularly abundant. Prokaryotes show a relativelylow frequency of simple sequences compared to eukaryotes...