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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517712
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
... Abstract Clinical Background: Hydration status, which is influenced by environment and self-behavior is associated with kidney health and disease. Epidemiology: Lack of safe water, sanitation, and high temperatures are environmental issues that affect a significant part of the worldwide...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
10.1159/000517635
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
... and the environment. Worldwide environmental monitoring data demonstrate that UV filters reach aquatic environments through two main input sources – direct (i.e., washoff from swimmers/bathers) and indirect (i.e., incomplete wastewater treatment removal) – and can be taken up by various algal, plant, and animal...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000503349
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
..., but there are important additional environmental factors that limit the uptake and utilization of nutrients. This paper considers such factors. A large proportion of the rapid growth deterioration in later infancy can be ascribed to infections and to wider nonspecific effects of living in an unhygienic environment...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000504108
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
... and fetal epigenome, the effects of the gut microbiome, and the interplay between WASH factors and the so-called environmental enteric disease (EED) that is widely viewed as on the causal pathway of much of the growth failure endemic to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Andrew Prentice set...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 92
Published: 14 January 2020
10.1159/000499549
EISBN: 978-3-318-06528-2
... and dietary patterns of Americans, and thus, a need to find new ways to improve diet and nutrition. This article posits that nutrition education combined with policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change approaches is more effective than either strategy in isolation and both are needed to reduce the global...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438883
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... disease and premature onset of puberty. Environmental factors can cause modifications to the genome, so-called epigenetic changes, to affect gene expression and subsequently modify phenotypic expression of genomic information. Epigenetic modifications, which occur in children born small for gestational...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 29
Published: 22 December 2015
10.1159/000438885
EISBN: 978-3-318-02789-1
... Abstract The aim of this chapter is to revise some common views on changes in pubertal timing. This revision is based on recent epidemiological findings on the clinical indicators of pubertal timing and data on environmental factor effects and underlying mechanisms. A current advancement...
Book Chapter
Series: Fast Facts Collection 2006-2015
Published: 09 November 2015
10.1159/000491362
EISBN: 978-1-910797-09-9
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 180
Published: 11 February 2015
10.1159/000363611
EISBN: 978-3-318-02602-3
... Abstract Multiple observations indicate that environmental and epigenetic factors play an important role in the emergence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Growing ASD incidence rates, the incomplete penetrance of many rare variants linked to autism, and increased exposure to environmental...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 100
Published: 27 May 2014
10.1159/000359918
EISBN: 978-3-318-02195-0
... the skin manifestation of atopy, namely atopic eczema, was more frequent in East German children compared to the West, thus differing from airway allergy. Meanwhile in vitro studies and animal experiments have shown that a variety of air pollutants mostly from environmental tobacco smoke (indoors) and from...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 17
Published: 29 November 2013
10.1159/000350345
EISBN: 978-3-318-02423-4
..., this triad remains perhaps the most useful way to think about risk factors for thrombosis, and to consider the relative contributions of genetic versus environmental factors contributing to thrombosis. As will be demonstrated throughout this chapter, environmental risk factors seem far more important...
Book Chapter
Series: Else Kröner-Fresenius Symposia
Volume: 3
Published: 27 September 2012
10.1159/000339386
EISBN: 978-3-318-02171-4
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 16
Published: 27 June 2012
10.1159/000337521
EISBN: 978-3-318-02108-0
... significance. However, those will be still under the possible influence of environmental factors. Environment Maternal cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and multivitamin use are the three factors most considered with regard to the risks of isolated cleft lip and palate. There is solid evidence...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327825
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... and environment. The economic and technical effects of the trial diets (data not shown) indicate that this method is economically and logistically feasible to implement. Moreover, compared to traditional high-corn, high-soybean diets, grass and flaxseed are also interesting crops in terms of environmental impact...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320646
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... or environmental stressors. The paucity of research on the environmental effects on performance in young athletes is unsurprising given the need for experimental studies, the ethics of which would generally be untenable. As an outcome, there is a reliance on observational and case study data, e.g. observing...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 63
Published: 17 March 2009
10.1159/000209976
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9010-5
... Abstract Epigenetics is being suggested as a possible interface between the genetic and environmental factors that together give rise to phenotype. In mice there exists a group of genes, known as metastable epialleles, which are sensitive to environmental influences, such as diet, and undergo...