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emollient

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Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
10.1159/000321059
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... Abstract Emollients are known to lubricate, moisturize and soothe the skin. Prior to their incorporation into feminine hygiene pads, thorough premarket toxicological testing is conducted to evaluate their safety and effectiveness via in-use clinical settings. Product testing has been conducted...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489516
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... important for the skin's protective function, the skin is widely known as “acid mantel.” Factors such as age, race, gender, body sites, biochemical differences, and even washing affect the pH of the stratum corneum. Recent clinical studies using an emollient-base finish product using the traditional way...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491841
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... the appearance of luminous skin, which is considered younger, more attractive skin. Cosmeceuticals contain a variety of ingredients, including emollients and polymers, to create this enhanced light reflection; however, this is truly an appearance benefit that will be lost when the cosmeceutical is removed from...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... Adapted from: Skin Surface pH and Topical Emollient: Fact or Artifact? Miranda A. Farage, William Hood, Mauricio Odio, Enzo Berardesca and Howard Maibach. J J of Experimental Dermatology and Research 2015;1:19. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489513
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
..., including atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and acne vulgaris, which show an increased pH should probably also have reduced buffer capacities. For the treatment of the skin diseases and in aged skin, emollient with a pH that is slightly more acidic than the average normal pH and an appropriate buffer capacity...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 50
Published: 01 September 2016
10.1159/000446048
EISBN: 978-3-318-05889-5
... topical anti-inflammatory drugs such as calcineurin inhibitors and corticosteroids. Topical emollient treatment is recommended to moisten the skin and to restore and maintain barrier function. Phototherapy is also effective in reducing the number of epidermal nerve fibers, normalizing imbalances...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 50
Published: 01 September 2016
10.1159/000446055
EISBN: 978-3-318-05889-5
..., general measures have to be taken, including avoiding irritating factors, preventing skin dryness, and frequent application of emollients. As in pruritus of other causes, several drugs are used, with more emphasis on substances that influence central nervous system: H 1 -antihistamines (hydroxyzine...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 50
Published: 01 September 2016
10.1159/000446094
EISBN: 978-3-318-05889-5
... investigations. Management of the elderly patient with chronic pruritus should include treatment with topical therapies such as emollients as well as other agents for symptomatic relief. Systemic therapies should be directed at any underlying cutaneous or systemic diseases. Often the cause of itch in the elderly...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489523
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... water and acidic emollients has been investigated in cohort studies involving people with healthy skin [ 89 , 90 ]. In these studies, reducing skin surface pH to between 3.5 and 4.5 led to improvements in skin barrier function, reduced susceptibility to skin irritation from surfactants, and altered...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 96
Published: 16 March 2012
10.1159/000331916
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9895-8
... the Black Box warning issued in the United States. Poor compliance may explain the failure to respond to therapy, and contact dermatitis from topical application of emollients and medications may mimic AD, erroneously suggesting recalcitrance. For patients with severe AD, administration of systemic...
Book Chapter
Published: 31 May 2007
10.1159/000104204
EISBN: 978-3-318-01454-9
... of even more severedrug reactions like Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxicepidermal necrolysis or a drug rash with eosinophilia andsystemic symptoms. In most cases, management includesearly withdrawal of the offending drug and usually supportivetreatment with emollients, topical corticosteroids andsystemic...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 34
Published: 05 February 2007
10.1159/000100000
EISBN: 978-3-318-01428-0
..., if not thoroughly tested for this purpose beforehand. Some raw materialsshould be avoided in protection products, though they are of established value when used inafterwork emollients to accelerate barrier recovery. Usage of moisturizers, in contrast to specialbarrier products, at the workplace together or even...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 33
Published: 21 June 2006
10.1159/000093941
EISBN: 978-3-318-01349-8
... patients with creams and emollients,new developments in the textile industry may have therapeutic implications. Silk or silvercoatedtextiles show antimicrobial properties that can significantly reduce the burden ofS. aureus, leading to a positive effect on AD. Silver products have been used as wound...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 49
Published: 12 February 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05586-3
... content in xerotic skin. Br J Dermatol 1989;121:587-592. 9. Lodén M: Role of topical emollients and moisturizers in the treatment of dry skin barrier disorders. Am J Clin Dermatol 2003;4:771-788. 10. Barany E, Lindberg M, Lodén M: Unexpected skin barrier influence from nonionic emulsifiers. Int J...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 49
Published: 12 February 2016
10.1159/000441586
EISBN: 978-3-318-05586-3
... at different sites of the skin with different sustainability. For example, covering of the surface with emollients will temporarily reduce signs of dryness and improve the appearance, whereas deeper effects on the intercellular penetration pathways may have a more long-standing effect on the risks for eczema...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 40
Published: 10 February 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9616-9
... feminine protection products. Skin Res Technol 2008; 14: 35-44 15. Farage MA Silva Segarra V Bramante M Elsner P Maibach HI: Dermatological testing of an emollient-treated menstrual pad with a novel foam absorbent core. Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2008; 27: 333-343 16. Vieira L Avila E Warren R Odio...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
..., Bouwstra JA: The important role of stratum corneum lipids for the cutaneous barrier function. Biochim Biophys Acta 2014;1841:295-313. 7. Lodén M: Treatments improving skin barrier function. Curr Probl Dermatol 2016;49:112-122. 8. van Zuuren EJ, Fedorowicz Z, Arents BWM: Emollients and moisturizers...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489532
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... between the skin and contaminants that may harm the skin [ 66 , 67 , 68 ]. Barrier creams may also be intended as products that restore a damaged skin. In this sense, any moisturizing or emollient product can be considered a potential skin barrier improver [ 69 , 70 ]. Unfortunately, the term “barrier...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06385-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
10.1159/000517663
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
... on the shape of the UV-absorbance spectra of oil-soluble UV absorbers. Such spectra have been measured with 4 common UV absorbers in a variety of emollients of differing polarity but suitable for sunscreen preparations. The UV spectra measured in the different emollients were used to calculate SPF and UVA-PF...