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Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320618
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract Performance in sport takes place within a matrix of bio-cultural characteristics but boys’ success in elite youth sport is underpinned by a range of age-and maturity-related physical and physiological variables which act in a sport-specific manner to influence performance. Stature...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320626
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract The participation of girls in elite sport has increased exponentially over the past 30 years. Despite these increases a tradition for recruiting boys for exercise studies persistsand our knowledge of the physiologic response to exercise in girls remains limited. Girls’ physiology...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320630
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract Nutrition can play an essential role in the health of elite young athletes as well as exercise performance. Children and adolescents need adequate energy intake to ensure proper growth, development, and maturation. In addition, the requirements may further increase with increasing...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320633
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract Endurance training consists of a structured exercise programme that is sustained for a sufficient length of time with sufficient intensity and frequency to induce an improvement in aerobic fitness. Elite young athletes generally have higher peak oxygen uptakes (peak VO 2 ) than...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320635
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... performance in youth, provided that exercises are performed with appropriate supervision and precautions. Muscular strength and power output values measured from vertical jump and Wingate anaerobic tests are higher in elite than in non-elite young athletes and normal children, and the specific training...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320636
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract In comparison to adults, our knowledge of the overtraining syndrome in elite young athletes is lacking. The evidence indicates an incidence rate of ∼20–30%, with a relatively higher occurrence seen in individual sport athletes, females and those competing at the highest representative...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320642
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
...-and laboratory-based assessment of young athletes’ aerobic fitness and performance during maximal intensity exercise. However, as studies of elite young athletes in their sporting environment are limited, the extant sport literature is complemented with data from untrained young people. The most appropriate...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320645
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
..., and elite sports in particular, are on an increasing trend [ 1 ]. Physical activity, exercise and sport participation have been shown to impart children with considerable health advantages such as cardiovascular and skeletal strength [ 2 , 3 ], as well as social and scholastic benefits [ 4 , 5...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000320646
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... Abstract To date, much of the research concerning the performance of elite young athletes has focused on physical and physiological factors and how these relate to age and maturation. Little attention has been paid to other factors which might limit performance such as nutrition...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/000321078
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
... are available to evaluate the long-term health outcomes of youth sports injury [ 14 ]. In this chapter, we begin with an overview of the musculoskeletal system of the elite child athlete, germane to injury; review types of sports injuries in the young and outline some sport injury prevention concepts which...
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Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 56
Published: 22 December 2010
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9551-3
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9551-3
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Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 35
Published: 19 August 1992
10.1159/000421143
EISBN: 978-3-318-03949-8
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000525184
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... of the activity created by client pressure and business opportunity, however, also has its cons: amateur work and even malpractice. The development is driven by elite technicians, but competence is little transparent to clients, and there is no distinct authoritative recognition of practitioners based...