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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442568
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
... of the front during World War I (WWI) contributed to a dramatic increase in knowledge about peripheral nerve injuries. Silas Weir Mitchell's original experience with respect to these injuries, and particularly causalgia, during the American Civil War was further expanded in Europe during WWI. Following...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521592
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... and protects the organism from external physical, chemical, and biological stresses. The strive for facial attractiveness and beauty is a strong motivation for cosmetic and aesthetic procedures, including (permanent) makeup, minimal-invasive up to invasive surgical interventions, which have dramatically...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519389
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... Abstract The last 20 years have seen dramatic improvements in survival for preterm infants in both high- and low-income settings. Survival rates of over 50% in infants born 16 weeks early (24 weeks’ gestation) are now commonplace in well-resourced neonatal intensive care units. However...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520766
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... variability, with some study participants showing a dramatic increase in the establishment of new carious lesions under conditions that did not affect the majority of the other subjects. Similarly, highly cariogenic conditions due to a diet rich in sugars did not cause an increase in new carious lesions...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520770
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... Abstract The formation of the dental enamel is a consequence of a complex series of events and when disturbed, visible consequences ranging from hypoplasia to hypomineralization occur. Less dramatic alterations of the enamel structure and conformation are argued to modulate individual...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493235
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... Abstract In hypotonic hyponatremia, which is the most common form of hyponatremia, clinical manifestations are largely due to brain swelling caused by entry of water into the cells. In acute and severe hyponatremia, dramatic symptoms, such as seizures, acute psychosis, permanent brain damage...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 43
Published: 10 April 2018
10.1159/000481490
EISBN: 978-3-318-06095-9
... drugs were discovered towards the end of WWII, and later refinements dramatically improved the TB epidemic. Years later, 2 big problems emerged: drug resistance and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection. Thanks to the effectiveness of high-tech case-finding and microbiological advances, the possible...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223779
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... Abstract Peritoneal sclerosis is very common in peritoneal dialysis patients. It can vary from the mild, clinically silent simple sclerosis always present after years of peritoneal dialysis, to rare but dramatic and often fatal cases of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis. Their frequency...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 97
Published: 12 May 2023
10.1159/000528991
EISBN: 978-3-318-07170-2
... Abstract Studies have shown a dramatic increase in the incidence and the prevalence of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders over the last several decades. Environmental triggers and nutrition are considered major contributors to this increase. The first...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 12
Published: 04 February 2008
10.1159/000115043
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8152-3
... Abstract Normal craniofacial development is contingent upon coordinated growth between thebrain and overlying calvaria. Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of one or more cranialsutures, perturbs this natural framework, resulting in dramatic dysmorphology of the skulland face along...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519402
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... The last 20–30 years have seen dramatic improvements in the survival of low birth weight (LBW) infants, especially those born preterm. In many neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in well-resourced settings, it is common for preterm infants born more than 16 weeks early to survive. Many...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000504906
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... retinal imaging, which until recently required fluorescein angiography as an invasive gold standard approach. The introduction of the optical coherence tomography angiography has dramatically changed, sped up, and improved the busy clinical practice. The use of this safe, fast, and dye-less technique...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 84
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000457930
EISBN: 978-3-318-06670-8
... modality for benign tumors of the anterior cranial base. The major advance in recent decades has been the adoption of endoscopic techniques. Advances in endoscopic transnasal surgery have dramatically altered the surgical landscape, enabling the removal of tumors of the anterior cranial base with minimal...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 84
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000457937
EISBN: 978-3-318-06670-8
... there is debate in the literature as to its value. Cervical metastases confer a dramatically worse outcome. Chemotherapy has not previously shown much advantage, but more recently immunologic manipulation with drugs such as ipilimumab have shown promise. Thus far, the mutation status does not appear to affect...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 84
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000457939
EISBN: 978-3-318-06670-8
...% and it exceeds that of other sinonasal malignancies, but dramatically drops down at 10 years (40%) and further decreases at 20 years (15%). Therefore, a prolonged follow-up of at least 15 years, and possibly lifelong, is mandatory. Epidemiology Sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) arises in minor...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
10.1159/000480175
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
... to pregnant mothers seems a low-cost easy-to-implement program to reduce dramatic aftermath of HIP at a global scale especially in low-income developing countries. Introduction Despite much public health efforts and increasing awareness, the global epidemic of diabetes and obesity appears to continue...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 34
Published: 28 May 2019
10.1159/000493077
EISBN: 978-3-318-06422-3
... outpatient setting, the eye is immobilized by a local block after which high-definition MRI or CT is performed to define the target. After rapid dose planning, radiation delivery is completed before the local block dissipates. The tumor response is often dramatic. The risk of acute narrow-angle glaucoma...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 198
Published: 07 May 2019
10.1159/000496523
EISBN: 978-3-318-06424-7
... the establishment of new PD guidelines in 2016. Recently, the methods for development of CPGs have changed dramatically. Summary: The previous guidelines were described in a textbook-like format. However, these kinds of guidelines no longer meet the definition of CPGs as defined by the National Academy...