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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530562
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... of caries lesions complemented by radiographic examination as an adjunct method. Clinical examination is the foundation of the diagnosis and should be performed after removal of dental biofilm of tooth surfaces, air-drying, and under good illumination. Clinical diagnostic methods categorize caries lesions...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 28
Published: 03 January 2020
10.1159/000480164
EISBN: 978-3-318-06612-8
... Abstract The evolution of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosis starts at the 1960s. Since then it has been the focus of ongoing debate, regarding questions such as – when, how and who to screen? What is the most appropriate diagnostic procedure? What cutoffs to diagnose GDM? By far...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 82
Published: 14 February 2019
10.1159/000490275
EISBN: 978-3-318-06371-4
... Abstract Purpose of Chapter: This chapter highlights the recent advances in etiology, diagnostic evaluation, and management of vestibular neuritis (VN). Recent Findings: The viral hypothesis has been strengthened with new evidence as the main etiology of VN. Recent evidence indicates...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493248
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... Abstract Numerous observational studies have confirmed that inadequate investigation of hyponatremia leads to diagnostic errors and incorrect treatment. In fact, only one out of five patients diagnosed as having syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) have had all the tests necessary...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479306
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... studies as well as clinical studies document that the daily removal of the biofilm using fluoride toothpaste can arrest lesion progression. By applying this caries control measure, caries lesions can thus be transformed from active lesions to inactive lesions. The diagnostic characteristics of these types...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450778
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... inks can be analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. Tattoo Complications and Diagnostic Approach Diagnosing tattoo complications is a challenge since diagnostic entities are numerous [ 1 , 2 ]. The major groups of complication...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 50
Published: 01 September 2016
10.1159/000446013
EISBN: 978-3-318-05889-5
..., depending on the results of basic laboratory results and data from medical history, additional diagnostic tests should be considered. In patients in whom an organic cause of itching has not been established, itch is most likely of undetermined origin; however, psychogenic causes should also be suspected...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 101
Published: 21 May 2015
10.1159/000371676
EISBN: 978-3-318-02341-1
... points to involvement of food antigen-specific lymphocytes in EGIDs [ 21 ]. For these reasons, the LST may prove diagnostically useful in patients with EGIDs. Patch Test/Atopy Patch Test The patch test was originally designed to investigate delayed-type immune reactions to antigens, and especially...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 101
Published: 21 May 2015
10.1159/000371680
EISBN: 978-3-318-02341-1
.... In these instances, further testing will be needed, typically including diagnostic elimination diets and/or oral food challenges, which are the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy. Introduction Although diagnostic testing methods for food hypersensitivity have improved over time, both in vivo...
Book Chapter
Series: Fast Facts Collection 2006-2015
Published: 31 October 2014
10.1159/000491243
EISBN: 978-1-908541-78-9
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 27
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000363632
EISBN: 978-3-318-02559-0
... Abstract Imaging of the inner genitalia and the gonads is part of the diagnostic work-up and is essential for an individualized approach to the disorder of sex development individual. Ultrasound is used as a first-line modality to detect the presence of a uterus and gonads. Magnetic resonance...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 27
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000363672
EISBN: 978-3-318-02559-0
... paucity of information about the condition, lack of advanced diagnostic settings, and an exaggerated feeling of stigma and shame associated with genital abnormalities. Lack of accurate healthcare information and reporting results in poor knowledge about the exact incidence and impact of these disorders...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 22 May 2014
10.1159/000358018
EISBN: 978-3-318-02397-8
... of having sarcoidosis, pathological confirmation of the diagnosis and exclusion of infection is indicated prior to initiating therapy. Diagnostic Difficulties and Challenges 1. The exact anatomic location of radiographically suspicious intrathoracic lymph nodes dictates their accessibility to biopsy...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 22 May 2014
10.1159/000358022
EISBN: 978-3-318-02397-8
...Highlights 1. EBUS-TBNA is a diagnostic modality that can help provide pathological sampling of lung or mediastinal lesions to determine if a tumor is present, what type of tumor it is, and to decide if additional sampling is required. 2. The main indications for EBUS-TBNA include...