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dementia

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197890
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract Dementia is increasingly recognized as a common feature in patients with Parkinson disease (PD)and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), both sharing many clinical and morphological features andbelieved to form a continuum within the spectrum of Lewy body diseases. Based on a large...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197892
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract The pharmacotherapy of Parkinson disease dementia and Lewy body dementia with cholinesteraseinhibitors and selected psychotropic drugs is relatively new. Review of literature supplemented byexpert opinion. Cholinesterase inhibitors can be used by primary care practitioners...
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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486437
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with a wide spectrum of microvascular complications affecting both the systemic and cerebral circulation. Current evidence suggests that cerebral small-vessel disease plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of dementia and vascular damage induced...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494950
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
.... A recently proposed concept of semantic dementia suggests symptomatic continuation of word meaning loss with non-linguistic semantic memory loss. In 1943 Tsuneo Imura, a neuropsychiatrist at Tokyo University, reported a new aphasic syndrome which he proposed to be called “Gogi aphasia” in an article...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494959
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract The term dementia derives from the Latin root demens , which means being out of one’s mind. Although the term “dementia” has been used since the 13th century, its mention in the medical community was reported in the 18th century. Even though the Greeks postulated a cerebral origin...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 43
Published: 16 October 2018
10.1159/000490447
EISBN: 978-3-318-06394-3
.... According to Espinel's in-depth analysis, de Kooning's style, as seen with technical aspects of painting, did not change across his life and especially at the advanced stage of cognitive decline, which Espinel considered as evidence for “creativity in the midst of dementia” [Espinel, 2007]. The most recent...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 31
Published: 02 August 2017
10.1159/000470807
EISBN: 978-3-318-06051-5
... Abstract Epidemiological studies implicate chronic depression as a predisposing factor for dementia in later life. However, the link is incompletely understood and controversial. The aim of this review is to consider some of the biological factors that contribute to neuroprogressive brain...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 179
Published: 01 December 2014
10.1159/000365529
EISBN: 978-3-318-02604-7
... Abstract Depression, diabetes and dementia are three disorders associated with staggering morbidity and mortality worldwide. The association between depression and diabetes has been well established. Furthermore, both depression and diabetes have been shown to increase the incidence of dementia...
Book Chapter
Published: 17 August 2012
10.1159/000336467
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9930-6
... Abstract Dementia is the most common mental disorder contributing greatly to disability, institutionalization, and shorter survival among the older population of both genders. Both the prevalence and incidence of dementia are higher in women than in men after the age of 80. Men and women have...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333412
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract The term post-stroke dementia (PSD) is used to define any dementia occurring after stroke irrespective if the leading cause is vascular, degenerative or mixed. PSD is a frequent condition after stroke and its prevalence ranges from 6 to 32%. However, not all cognitive impairment cases...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 27
Published: 09 January 2012
10.1159/000331527
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9801-9
... Abstract Sleep disturbance in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is common and can have a debilitating effect on quality of life due to the effects of daytime somnolence on cognition, motor function, potential for injury and capacity to manage activities of daily...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 27
Published: 09 January 2012
10.1159/000331657
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9801-9
... Abstract Parkinson’s disease with dementia (PDD) is now recognised as a major clinical consequence of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD). Indeed the cumulative prevalence of dementia in PD is very high; up to 80% of patients will develop dementia within 10 years of their Parkinson’s diagnosis...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 27
Published: 09 January 2012
10.1159/000331658
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9801-9
... Abstract Somatoform disorders have only recently been described in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Of 1,210 patients with neurodegenerative diseases referred to our institutions from 1999, 488 were diagnosed with PD, 415 with Alzheimer’s disease, 162 with DLB, 48...
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 01 November 2009
10.1159/isbn.978-1-905832-71-2
EISBN: 978-1-905832-71-2
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197887
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract The concept of vascular dementia (VaD) has greatly evolved in the past decades. Advances in neuroimagingtechniques have led to a better identification of cases with small vessel disease andchronic ischemic changes. Autopsy data from population-based studies have revealed...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197888
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract Randomized controlled trials of primary and secondary prevention of vascular dementia demonstratereal effects on the cause or progression of disease (disease-modifying treatment). These strategieslead to a reduction in all cerebrovascular risk factors, in particular hypertension...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197889
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract Dementia with Lewy bodies is one of the most common dementias in the elderly after Alzheimer’sdisease. It can be recognized on the basis of several clinical characteristics including progressivedementia with marked slowing and fluctuations, persistent visual hallucinations...