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defecate

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356750
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... Abstract Difficult or silent, unexpressed, and complicated defecation is assessed with a proper medical history, physical examination of the anorectum, as well as the evaluation of patient's behavior developed in response to, or as cause of, the disturbance. No particular investigations...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
..., 2006. 10. Biviano I, Badiali D, Candeloro L, et al: Comparative outcome of stapled trans-anal rectal resection and macrogol in the treatment of defecation disorders. World J Gastroenterol 2011;17:4199-4205. 11. Corazziari E, Dani S, Pozzessere C, Anzini F, Torsoli A: Colonic segmental transit...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434672
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Defecation problems occur in patients of all ages, but are more prevalent in the elderly, postpartum women, and patients with chronic and debilitating medical conditions. Most of the time, these problems respond to medical therapy and nonsurgical options, but it is not uncommon...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 30
Published: 22 June 2012
10.1159/000338419
EISBN: 978-3-318-02184-4
... administration of CRF or urocortin 1 inhibits gastric emptying and motility through interaction with CRF 2 receptors in the stomach and stimulates colonic transit, motility and defecation via activation of CRF 1 receptors in the large intestine. The changes in gastrointestinal motility induced by peripheral...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 108
Published: 12 September 2013
10.1159/000351483
EISBN: 978-3-318-02457-9
... be useful for treating children with abdominal pain-related FGD. Functional Constipation According to the Rome III criteria, constipation can be diagnosed when a child passes 2 or less stools per week and presents with soiling, and/or withholding behaviors, and/or a history of painful defecation...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356745
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... sensors on the long axis of the colon. While antegrade peristalsis can frequently be seen in the descending colon, retrograde peristalsis is frequently observed in the ascending colon. The third component is mass movement that is thought to contribute to defecation and only occurs a few times a day...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
...: Defecation disorders: a French population survey. Dis Colon Rectum 2006;49:219-227. 7. Brown HW, Wexner SD, Segall MM, Brezoczky KL, Lukacz ES: Accidental bowel leakage in the mature women's health study: prevalence and predictors. Int J Clin Pract 2012;66:1101-1108. 8. Madoff RD: Surgical treatment...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 81
Published: 19 June 2015
10.1159/000365807
EISBN: 978-3-318-02769-3
... L:M ratios and lower EndoCAb concentrations in those from clean homes, suggesting that the height differences between groups may have been mediated by EED. Several recent studies have explored the association between open defecation and stunting. The starting point for these analyses...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516703
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... they are expelled during attempted defecation. Insufficient fluid intake or excess fluid loss due to severe diarrhea, vomiting, or fever may therefore lead to the hardening of stools. This applies particularly to infants, who are more susceptible to (mild) dehydration due to their small body weight and high...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000347200
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
...', but emphasized that additional studies were needed [ 20 ]. Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS is the most common and best characterized of the functional bowel disorders. It typically presents with abdominal pain or discomfort that is associated with defecation or a change in bowel habit, and is often...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356997
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... substances [ 1 ]. Minor or major surgical resections involving the colorectal area will disrupt normal motor function, with disorganization of both the basal (segmental) activity at rest and after eating, and the propagated activity that leads to defecation; the latter consists of a sequence of well...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02579-8
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000503350
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
...-scoop”), and a child potty, plus BCC to promote use of the latrine by all members of the family for all episodes of defecation. Handwashing: provision of 2 handwashing stations and regular delivery of soap plus BCC promoting handwashing with soap after defecation and before food preparation...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 81
Published: 19 June 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02769-3
..., World Bank, 2013. http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64165259&theSitePK=469382&piPK=64165421&menuPK=64166093&entityID=000158349_20130205082533 (accessed on 24 March, 2014). 32. Spears D, Ghosh A, Cumming O: Open defecation and childhood stunting in India...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 32
Published: 23 September 2013
10.1159/000350633
EISBN: 978-3-318-02416-6
... symptoms continuously. In IBS, some patients experience abdominal pain and other symptoms, along with defecation abnormalities. In a recent large-scale internet survey of IBS patients [ 2 ], patients with diarrhea-type IBS that fulfilled the Rome III criteria were questioned about their frequency...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
...References References 1. Loening-Baucke V. Chronic constipation in children. Gastroenterology. 1993 Nov;105(5):1557–64. 2. Koppen IJN, Vriesman MH, Saps M, Rajindrajith S, Shi X, van Etten-Jamaludin FS, et al. Prevalence of functional defecation disorders in children: a systematic review...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 04 May 2018
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06302-8
EISBN: 978-3-318-06302-8
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356993
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... transit time and more constipation in the nonambulators. A study using anorectal manometry in children with CP suggested that anal sphincter and/or pelvic floor muscle incoordination may also result in defecation difficulties [ 65 ]. Contributory factors to constipation include prolonged immobility...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000503315
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
... appetite, direct nutrient losses, and increased metabolic requirements or catabolic losses of nutrients through defecation, and may weaken transport of nutrients to tissues [ 5 ]. Children with adequate nutrition during early childhood have been shown to earn 21% more in wages as adults than children who...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 95
Published: 02 June 2010
10.1159/000315934
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9442-4
... gasping, the animal produced vomiting of mucus and blood, bloody defecation, stupor and died within 25 min. Richet, when notified by Portier, recognized immediately that this surprising phenomenon was new (‘C’ est un phénomène nouveau, il faut le baptiser!’) . In trying to find a name, he wanted...