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decompensation

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Book Chapter
Published: 11 August 1981
10.1159/000406163
EISBN: 978-3-318-05135-3
... Abstract Corneal decompensation in a patient with Chandler's syndrome. The ultrastructural study shows the absence of endothelial cells, the presence of bundles of banded collagen in Descemet's membrane and a retrocornesl fibrous layer with collagenous and basement membrane material. ...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322462
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... Abstract Hepatitis B-related decompensated cirrhosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The development of specific antivirals improved the management of decompensated cirrhosis significantly over the past few years. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication is associated...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... pressure is associated with impaired renal function and mortality in a broad spectrum of patients with cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:582-588 3. Mullens W, Abrahams Z, Francis GS, et al: Importance of venous congestion for worsening of renal function in advanced decompensated heart...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313730
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... Abstract More than one million hospitalizations occur annually in the US because of heart failure (HF) decompensation caused by fluid overload. Congestion contributes to HF progression and mortality. Apart from intrinsic renal insufficiency, venous congestion, rather than a reduced cardiac...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313763
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... in patients with diuretic resistance, and has a favorable effect on pulmonary function, ventilatory efficiency, and neurohormonal activation. Ultrafiltration is the only fluid removal strategy shown to improve outcomes in randomized controlled trials of patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... inserted venovenous ultrafiltration for rapid treatment of volume overloaded patients. J Card Fail 2003;9:227-231 3. Costanzo MR, Saltzberg M, O'Sullivan J, Sobotka P: Early ultrafiltration in patients with decompensated heart failure and diuretic resistance. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005;46:2047-2051 4...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
...: for the ADHERE Scientific Advisory Committee and Investigators: Clinical presentation, management, and in-hospital outcomes of patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure with preserved systolic function: a report from the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE) Database. J Am...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
10.1159/000349966
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... Abstract Cardiorenal syndromes (CRS) have been recently classified into five distinct entities, each with different major pathophysiologic mechanisms. CRS type 1 most commonly occurs in the setting of acutely decompensated heart failure where approximately 25% of patients develop a rise...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
...). Eur Heart J 2008;29:2388-2442 3. Levy P, Compton S, Welch R, et al: Treatment of severe decompensated heart failure with high-dose intravenous nitroglycerin: a feasibility and outcome analysis. Ann Emerg Med 2007;50:144-152 4. Hunt SA: ACC/AHA 2005 guideline update for the diagnosis...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
10.1159/000349969
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... identified and in this review discussed questions were: (i) What are the predominant pathophysiologic mechanisms of CRS type 1 in acute decompensated heart failure? (ii) Could biomarker profiling identify pathomechanisms or hemodynamic phenotype of patients with CRS type 1? Could predictive biomarkers...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313732
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... Abstract The key management goals for the stabilization of patients admitted for acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) include relief of congestion and restoration of hemodynamic stability. Nevertheless, in spite of clinical improvement, many patients are discharged with hemodynamic...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313721
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... with clinical outcome. Results: In HF, fluid accumulation, defined as either a positive cumulative fluid balance or as an acute redistribution of fluid, represents a core precipitating mechanism of acute decompensation and is associated with worsening symptoms, hospitalization and death. Determining fluid...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313752
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... for hemodynamic instability related to decompensated heart failure [ 1 ]. The patient had a history of systolic heart failure with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 25%. At admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), blood pressure was 70/40/52 mm Hg. A central line insertion allowed measurement...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... of renal function in advanced decompensated heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:589-596 4. Uthoff H, Thalhammer C, Potocki M, Reichlin T, Noveanu M, Aschwanden M, Staub D, Arenja N, Socrates T, Twerenbold R, Mutschmann S, Heinisch C, Jaeger K, Mebazaa A, Mueller C: Central venous pressure...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... hemodynamic profiles that predict outcomes in patients admitted with heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;41:1797-1804. 9. Mullens W, Abrahams Z, Francis GS, Sokos G, Taylor DO, Starling RC, Young JB, Tang WH: Importance of venous congestion for worsening of renal function in advanced decompensated heart...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
..., Francis GS, et al: Importance of venous congestion for worsening of renal function in advanced decompensated heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:589-596 3. Salvador DR, Rey NR, Ramos GC, Punzalan FE: Continuous infusion versus bolus injection of loop diuretics in congestive heart failure...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... of renal function in advanced decom-pensated heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53:589-596 20. Bart BA, Boyle A, Bank AJ, et al: Ultrafiltration versus usual care for hospitalized patients with heart failure. The Relief for Acutely Fluid overloaded Patients with Decompensated Congestive Heart...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 59
Published: 28 April 2017
10.1159/000458485
EISBN: 978-3-318-06040-9
.... Several types of patch graft material may be utilized to prevent tube erosion. Potential complications of GDI surgery may relate to immediate or late-onset hypotony, motility disturbances, corneal decompensation, or tube erosion. Glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) surgery is a procedure that involves...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... al: Characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized for heart failure in the United States: rationale, design, and preliminary observations from the first 100,000 cases in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE). Am Heart J 2005;149:209-216 3. Jain P, Massie BM...