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Book Chapter
Book: Meiosis
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 5
Published: 28 October 2008
10.1159/000166617
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8968-0
... Abstract A major goal of breeding programs is to increase and manipulate the genetic diversity of crops. The incorporationof beneficial genes from wild relatives into crops is achieved by producing hybrid plants in which meioticrecombination events occur between the two genomes. Furthering our...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 118
Published: 24 April 2018
10.1159/000484469
EISBN: 978-3-318-06253-3
... agrobiodiversity is one of the factors leading to severe repercussions on the human diet. According to FAO, over 80% of the human diet is provided by plants. Although we know of 7,000 edible plant species in the world, just three cereal crops - rice, wheat, and maize - provide more than half of the world's plant...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 115
Published: 24 May 2016
10.1159/000442103
EISBN: 978-3-318-05685-3
... Abstract In Africa and South Asia, where nutrition insecurity is severe, two of the most prominent production technologies are genetically modified (GM) crops and certified organic agriculture. We analyze the potential impact pathways from agricultural production to nutrition. Our review...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507494
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... interventions combining crop-based and diet-based approaches. Diets in African and Asian countries vary, with high consumption of refined rice, maize, and wheat as staples to gain energy and avoid hunger [ 3 ]. This dietary habit combined with poverty limits the access to micronutrient-rich diets including...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507518
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... that these commodities can become more available to poor households. However, the crops research of the international agricultural research system, including its centerpiece the CGIAR, has so far concentrated mainly on staple grains and starchy food crops, while largely neglecting most F+Vs. None of the current CGIAR...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507513
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... Abstract Despite implementation of the organized seed program, there exists an alarming gap between the demand and supply of quality seeds. The immediate increase in the productivity and production of these crops can be achieved by a higher distribution of quality seeds of high-yielding...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507498
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... Abstract Legume grains are traditional crops that have been modernized as processed foods and animal protein alternatives in recent years. This modernization has largely been fueled by new technological developments driven by increased consumer demands for plant protein and gluten-free options...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 118
Published: 24 April 2018
10.1159/000484342
EISBN: 978-3-318-06253-3
... Abstract Fundamentally, the prevalence of mineral and vitamin deficiencies is high in developing countries due to the fact that agricultural systems do not produce sufficient foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Biofortification involves breeding staple food crops to increase...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 115
Published: 24 May 2016
10.1159/000442102
EISBN: 978-3-318-05685-3
... Abstract For almost a generation now, scientists and policy makers have enthusiastically advanced genetically modified (GM) crops as a solution to both global food security and, specifically, the micronutrient needs of the hidden hungry. While genetic modification offers the prospect...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507489
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
..., and it is acknowledged that there is enough sustenance in the world to feed everyone. Yet, some 800 million people are hungry. Why? It is due to a combination of inequitable distribution and morally indefensible destruction of excess crops to keep market prices attractive for producers and “big-agro” industry...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 118
Published: 24 April 2018
10.1159/000484511
EISBN: 978-3-318-06253-3
..., breeding for higher micronutrient status of crop variety, and making transgenic to enrich staple food for deficient micronutrients are discussed. Based on the discussion, few strategies are also suggested to combat hidden hunger. Success of improvement of staple food crops for deficient micronutrient may...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 57
Published: 13 January 2005
10.1159/000083769
EISBN: 978-3-318-01183-8
... inorganically grown crops compared to nonorganically grown crops. The second term of nutritionalquality covers the feelings of well-being (or indisposition) that certain foods caninduce in consumers. Organic agriculture has been confirmed as environmentally sound andmore sustainable than mainstream agriculture...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 118
Published: 24 April 2018
10.1159/000484338
EISBN: 978-3-318-06253-3
... security of the families is achieved through improved dietary diversity, behavior change regarding nutrition and health practices, nutrition sensitive crop planning, promoting consumption, and sustainable management of wild, neglected, and underutilized species, improved childcare practices, improved WASH...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327812
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... and persistent poverty in the region, any shortfall in food productivity will inevitably translate as rise in prices and shortfall in availability and access for the poor populations. Food safety would also increasingly become an issue, with rising temperatures causing a rise in crop pest infestations, both...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327807
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... on the effect of climate changes on nutritional composition of foods in China. Agriculture China is the largest agricultural country and crops are the staple food consumed by the Chinese people. Although harvesting crops could increase through favorable infrastructure and reasonable governance, climate...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507488
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... variability is a major problem [ 12 ]; for certain crops this has led to a reduction from two harvests per year to one. Power failures can also be attributed to periods of drought, as Burundian electricity production is mainly based on hydropower [ 11 ]. In turn, these factors increase the pressure...