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cricoid

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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334463
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... an endoscopic posterior cricoid split with rib grafting after the age of 1. Abstract Bilateral vocal fold immobility(BVFI) can be divided into bilateral vocal fold paralysis and cricoarytenoid joint fixation, which can be accompanied with laryngeal stenosis. In children with BVFI, requiring...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334298
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... stenosis that is isolated from the true vocal folds by greater than several millimeters. If the lesion is not purely subglottic, it may be combined with a posterior cricoid split and costal cartilage interposition grafting (extended CTR). CTR has also been utilized for recurrent or persisting subglottic...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334296
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
..., the cricoid. In addition to an acquired type, SGS can occur in congenital forms as well. Congenital SGS represents a continuum of incomplete or altered embryologic recanalization of the primitive laryngopharynx. This can range from complete failure of recanalization to a mild shape disturbance (elliptical...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334108
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... cartilages, and without any direct articulation with the arytenoid cartilages [ 4 ] ( fig. 2 ). Cricoid Cartilage The cephalad half of the cricoid cartilage is V shaped; in contrast, the caudad portion of the cricoid ring is a smooth, round circle ( fig. 2 ). This produces an elliptical shape...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 83
Published: 19 February 2019
10.1159/000492312
EISBN: 978-3-318-06389-9
... small tumours require the partial removal of the hypopharynx, large tumours, especially those involving the post-cricoid region, warrant a complete, circumferential pharyngectomy. For tumours that invade the cervical esophagus, transcervical approach is still feasible, and this is facilitated...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
.... Cotton R: The problem of pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis: a clinical and experimental study on the efficacy of autogenous cartilaginous grafts placed between vertically divided halves of the posterior lamina of the cricoid cartilage. Laryngoscope 1991;101:1-34 4. Narcy P, Contencin P, Fligny I, et...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334294
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... fat, maturation of the stoma and routine use of stay sutures and tracheostomy tube ties to secure the tracheostomy tube in place [ 5 ]. Relevant Anatomy The sternal notch, cricoid cartilage and hyoid bone should be identified and marked with a pen prior to starting the procedure...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334466
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... ], botulinum toxin injection [ 7 ], and open [ 5 ] vs. endoscopic posterior cricoid split with rib grafting [ 8 ] have all been described. All of these procedures have different effects on speech and swallowing. Each procedure must balance achieving decannulation with the risk of aspiration and a poor...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9932-0
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 83
Published: 19 February 2019
10.1159/000492306
EISBN: 978-3-318-06389-9
... of this region, its division in subsites, and relationships with nearby structures. This is essential in order to consider all possible pathways of tumor spread and to correctly classify each lesion during preoperative evaluation. The hypopharynx extends from the hyoid bone superiorly to the cricoid...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 85
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000456690
EISBN: 978-3-318-06628-9
... the mobility of the cricoarytenoid joint since ossification of the cricoarytenoid joint will make it extremely difficult to move the arytenoid to a new location. There is great risk for entering the airway or fracturing the arytenoid cartilage or the cricoid cartilage if there has been previous trauma that has...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... posterior cricoid split and rib grafting in 10 children. Laryngoscope 2003;113:2004-2009 5. El-Hakim H: Injection of botulinum toxin into external laryngeal muscles in pediatric laryngeal paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2008;117:614-620 6. Cohen Sr, Geller KA, Birns JW, Thompson JW: Laryngeal...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... Otorhinolaryngol 2010;74:451-455 7. El-Hakim H: Injection of botulinum toxin into external laryngeal muscles in pediatric laryngeal paralysis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2008;117:614-620 8. Inglis AF, Perkins JA, Manning SC, Mouzakes J: Endoscopic posterior cricoid split and rib grafting in 10 children...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334302
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
.... - If the thyroid is encountered, it is divided in the midline with electrocautery The trachea is then opened in the midline with a small vertical incision. Usually, this is at the level of the second or first tracheal ring. - Care is taken to avoid accidental division of the cricoid Endoscopic view...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 73
Published: 10 April 2012
10.1159/000334452
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9932-0
... defect, in which the cleft lies above the level of the posterior cricoid cartilage; type 2 - cricoid lamina is partially involved with extension below the level of the true vocal cords; type 3 - total cricoid cleft, and type 4 - extends into the posterior wall of the thoracic trachea and may extend...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 85
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000456682
EISBN: 978-3-318-06628-9
... the thyroid (green) and cricoid (yellow) cartilages. Radiology allows good delineation of the subglottis. This is marked by the inferior cut off from the lower margin of the cricoid cartilage. This marks the transition from larynx to trachea and hypopharynx to oesophagus (Fig.  3 ). Fig. 3...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 38
Published: 06 May 2010
10.1159/000314390
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9311-3
... which results in bilateral symmetrical narrowing of the subglottic space ( fig. 3 ). Thus, the endoscopic appearance may resemble acute subglottic oedema. Cartilaginous subglottic stenosis is due to a malformation of the cricoid cartilage, resulting in circumferential stenosis of variable appearance...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 83
Published: 19 February 2019
10.1159/000492304
EISBN: 978-3-318-06389-9
... of the valleculla). The inferior boundary is anteriorly formed by the aryepiglottic folds that separate the hypopharynx from the larynx and posteriorly is the level of the inferior border of the cricoid cartilage and the apex of one piriform sinus to the other. Symptoms The prime function of the hypopharynx...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 38
Published: 06 May 2010
10.1159/000314389
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9311-3
... epiglottis. In the infant and young child the larynx ( fig. 2 ) is positioned anteriorly and with growth in late childhood and adolescence adopts a more central and inferior position. The lower level of the cricoid cartilage is at the mid level of C5 in the newborn and at the lower level of C6 in adults...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 83
Published: 19 February 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06389-9
... Vinson Syndrome – is it common in males? Arq Gastroenterol 2015; 52: 250–252. 66. Chisholm M: The association between webs, iron and post-cricoid carcinoma. Postgraduate Med J 1974; 50: 215–219. 67. Jacobs A: Post-cricoid carcinoma: regional incidence in England and Wales. Br Med J 1963; 2: 1373...