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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 24
Published: 12 February 2009
10.1159/000197898
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9016-7
... Abstract Electroencephalography (EEG) is an easily accessible and low-cost modality that might prove to be aparticularly powerful tool for the identification of subtle functional changes preceding structural ormetabolic deficits in progressive mild cognitive impairment (PMCI). Most previous...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494958
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract The representation of cognitive function in the cerebral cortex has a long and cherished history, but much evidence also supports a critical role of subcortical structures in the operations of cognition. The idea of subcortical dementia, first proposed in 1932 and substantially...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494961
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract In this chapter, I will present an overview of early case descriptions of specific isolated cognitive deficits in children for which no clear brain impairment could be demonstrated and which were therefore considered to be congenital or developmental in nature. Three kinds of syndromes...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494962
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract Neuropsychological rehabilitation is one of the subspecialties of neuropsychology, along with neuropsychological assessment, cognitive process descriptions, and anatomo-functional correlation, but it is still frequently underrecognized, even from a historical point of view...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 91
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000493708
EISBN: 978-3-318-06403-2
... Abstract Breakfast has been claimed to improve cognitive function and academic performance, leading to the provision of breakfast initiatives by public health bodies. Children may be particularly sensitive to the nutritional effects of breakfast due to greater energetic needs compared to adults...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490300
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
... set the foundation for remarkable cognitive maturation processes during the first years of life. Basic sensory functions such as visual and auditory functions start to develop during the third trimester and continue throughout the first years of life [ 8 ]. Language functions emerge during the second...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485694
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... Abstract Background: There is an increasing prevalence of dementia associated with population aging, and anti-dementia measures have now become of increasing importance in Japan. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for cognitive impairment. Summary: We previously demonstrated...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 89
Published: 06 August 2018
10.1159/000486510
EISBN: 978-3-318-06352-3
..., she stated that while it may be possible to improve outcomes where nutritional deficiencies actually exist or to increase neurocognitive function where it is suboptimal, it is unlikely that an effect of a nutrient or micronutrient can be demonstrated on brain and cognitive development in populations...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 42
Published: 29 November 2016
10.1159/000448562
EISBN: 978-3-318-05946-5
... literature, cognitive training strategies have been shown to improve targeted neurocognitive domains and everyday functioning. A review of some of these cognitive training strategies, especially as they relate to aging with HIV, are highlighted and explained in the context of neuroAIDS, aging...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 115
Published: 24 May 2016
10.1159/000442377
EISBN: 978-3-318-05685-3
... connection between stress and poor nutrition is poverty. Developmental cognitive neuroscience dealing with poverty and social gradients is a new field of research that has recently emerged. It has recently been shown that being pregnant with and growing up under a low socio-economic status (SES) will have...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 83
Published: 02 November 2015
10.1159/000382061
EISBN: 978-3-318-05478-1
... the phenomenon in broader, multidimensional terms by incorporating the concept of cognitive frailty. In support of this view, there is increasing evidence that consideration of both cognitive and physical factors can better improve the ability to predict adverse health outcomes among frail older adults over...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 82
Published: 02 November 2015
10.1159/000382011
EISBN: 978-3-318-05499-6
... between nutrition and frailty. Physical frailty is also associated with cognitive frailty. We need to better understand cognitive frailty, a syndrome which must be differentiated from Alzheimer's disease. At the Gérontopôle frailty clinics, we have found that almost 40% of the patients referred to our...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 28 September 2015
10.1159/000435938
EISBN: 978-3-318-05574-0
... Abstract Multiple emotional and cognitive factors impact on the experience of pain. This chapter will review some of the most important emotional and cognitive determinants of the pain experience as found in experimental and clinical studies with human participants. Emotional factors that may...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 81
Published: 19 June 2015
10.1159/000365805
EISBN: 978-3-318-02769-3
... in the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease has highlighted the importance of early life growth and nutritional exposures for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and type 2 diabetes. There is evidence linking preterm birth and poor growth in utero with worse long-term cognitive outcome...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 180
Published: 11 February 2015
10.1159/000363565
EISBN: 978-3-318-02602-3
... Abstract Is there an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) cognitive profile, i.e. a consistent, disorder-specific pattern of cognitive peaks and troughs found in a substantial proportion of people with ASD? Almost all research into ASD cognition is not designed to answer this question, as studies...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 26
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000363153
EISBN: 978-3-318-02721-1
... and structure as well as neuron migration defects follow gestational or early-in-life TH losses [ 4 , 5 ]. Likewise, affected animals show impaired learning and memory abilities [ 36 , 37 , 38 ]. Within the cortex, which is necessary for basic perceptual and higher-order cognitive skills, abnormalities are seen...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Human Development
Volume: 26
Published: 29 October 2013
10.1159/000354362
EISBN: 978-3-318-02489-0
... evidence from studies of twins, studies of children with hearing impairments, and longitudinal studies of typically developing children that children's linguistic environments contribute to their socio-cognitive development. The second section identifies two alternative mediators of this relationship...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 28
Published: 27 February 2013
10.1159/000346362
EISBN: 978-3-318-02311-4
... Abstract Evidence suggests that inflammation, an innate immune response facilitating recovery from injury and pathogenic invasion, is positively associated with age-related cognitive decline and may play a role in risk for dementia. Physiological pathways linking the peripheral immune...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333412
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract The term post-stroke dementia (PSD) is used to define any dementia occurring after stroke irrespective if the leading cause is vascular, degenerative or mixed. PSD is a frequent condition after stroke and its prevalence ranges from 6 to 32%. However, not all cognitive impairment cases...