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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Volume: 34
Published: 24 March 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02967-3
... Abstract Despite the recent DSM-5 review of somatoform disorders, which are now called somatic symptom and related disorders, the categorical definitions of these syndromes have inherent limitations because their causal mechanism or presumed aetiologies are still unknown. These limitations may...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... of caries lesions complemented by radiographic examination as an adjunct method. Clinical examination is the foundation of the diagnosis and should be performed after removal of dental biofilm of tooth surfaces, air-drying, and under good illumination. Clinical diagnostic methods categorize caries lesions...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... (BIA) might be of potential benefit. Aim: To test whether BIA correlates with other ancillary markers of extracellular fluid volume, namely B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), residual renal function (RRF) and UF, and whether BIA provides complementary information in categorizing PD patients vis...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 95
Published: 12 January 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06866-5
... children and to develop preventative strategies. Most research has focused on biological risk factors, which can be broadly categorized as genetic predisposition, poor diet (and the behaviors that influence excessive food intake), insufficient physical activity, and the role of developmental factors...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 29
Published: 31 August 2020
EISBN: 978-3-318-06734-7
... of insulin into clinical practice. These relationships can be categorized as: (1) influence of psycho-emotional factors at the onset of diabetes, (2) influence of psycho-emotional factors on the course of diabetes, and (3) influence of diabetes on psychological conditions. Since it was first thought...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 4
Published: 05 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06125-3
... Abstract Stimulation of new collagen results from fibroblast activation. Conventional wisdom has been that fibroblast activation via fillers exclusively resulted from the use of those fillers categorized as biostimulatory, such as poly-L-lactic acid, which produce a cutaneous inflammatory...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 9
Published: 07 June 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06068-3
... Abstract Retinal vein occlusion is an obstruction of the retinal venous system by thrombus formation. It is the second most common retinal vascular disease after diabetic retinopathy affecting nearly 16 million adults. Careful diagnosis, categorization, and treatment may minimize permanent...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 59
Published: 28 April 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06040-9
... surgeries, such as trabeculectomy and aqueous tube shunt, these procedures are categorized as internal filtration surgeries and are performed from an internal approach via gonioscopic guidance. Published results suggest that these surgical procedures are both safe and efficacious for the treatment of open...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 36
Published: 29 May 2007
EISBN: 978-3-318-01377-1
..., andunderlying disease determines the prognosis and the treatmentregimen.While there is no uniformly accepted classificationof DAH, it is generally categorized according to theunderlying histology. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 5
Published: 04 July 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05867-3
... Abstract The applicability of bioimaging is better known in its respective clinical fields, but its diversified roles in laboratory research is equally crucial. Although bioimaging can be broadly categorized into optical, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance imaging...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 82
Published: 02 November 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05499-6
... Abstract Older adults can be categorized into three subgroups to better design and develop personalized interventions: the disabled (those needing assistance in the accomplishment of basic activities of daily living), the ‘frail' (those presenting limitations and impairments in the absence...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 55
Published: 27 October 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05565-8
... Abstract Endophthalmitis is characterized by marked inflammation of intraocular fluids and tissues. Infective endophthalmitis may be categorized by the cause of the infection, which helps predict the underlying etiology and most likely causative organisms. The major category remains acute-onset...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 186
Published: 14 August 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05567-2
... periods of time. With deformed buttonhole entry sites, moreover, scabs are often incompletely removed at the time of buttonhole cannulation. Method: In 166 patients using the buttonhole method at Hino Clinic in Osaka, Japan as of June 30, 2014, the shapes of buttonhole entry sites were categorized...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 24
Published: 28 February 2008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8483-8
..., there areempirical data showing the efficacy of both serotonin reuptake inhibitors and cognitive behavior therapyin the treatment of children and adolescents with OCD. Future research is warranted and shouldintegrate categorical and dimensional approaches in the search for a better understanding...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Volume: 34
Published: 24 March 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02967-3
... categorically lack capacity. This chapter will review the conceptual framework of decision-making capacity and discuss its application to medical decision-making. We will review selected developments in capacity assessment and recommend an approach to assessing decision-making capacity. We will discuss...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 25
Published: 24 June 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02553-8
... Abstract Indices for assessing erosive wear are expected to deliver more than is expected of an ideal index: simple with defined scoring criteria so that it is reproducible, reflective of the aetiology of the condition and accurately categorizing shape, area and depth of affect, both at a point...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 28
Published: 17 June 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02649-8
... Abstract This paper reviews the potential future directions that are important for brain injury research, especially with regard to concussion. The avenues of proposed research are categorized according to current concepts of concussion, types of concussion, and a global schema for globally...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 44
Published: 28 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02404-3
... and statistical techniques for the analysis of the complexity of life course. In this chapter, we review some of the most recent techniques that have been applied to this analysis. For the sake of simplicity, we refer exclusively to the analysis of categorical measurements. We feel this not to be a relevant...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 78
Published: 27 January 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02531-6
... Abstract There are strong conceptual linkages between agricultural development and nutrition improvements which may be categorized into three main pathways: the development, own-production and market pathways. Evidence on the efficacy of these pathways is mixed with some strong, some negative...