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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529295
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... of sorbent material sufficient to achieve safe and effective blood purification therapy. Each component of the device must respond to criteria of safety and function in order to maximize the efficiency of the cartridge. The design should be optimized to enable utilization of all the sorbent surface available...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 167
Published: 02 June 2010
10.1159/000315917
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9485-1
...) is a selective blood endotoxin removal cartridge. PMX is composed of polymyxin B (PL-B) covalently bonded to polystyrene-derivative fibers. It is well known that PL-B binds endotoxin and has bactericidal activity. PL-B has a strong affinity to endotoxin and is able to bind the lipid A portion of endotoxin...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529845
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... Abstract The Jafron series of sorbent cartridges provides a comprehensive array of coated, highly biocompatible sorbent beads made of styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers. Such beads carry a mean diameter of 0.8 mm with a range from 0.60 to 1.18 mm. The maximal pore size of these coated beads...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529402
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... technique. This introductive chapter aims at briefly presenting the phenomenology of the adsorption process, also providing some basic elements related to how to use equilibrium load data to define an adsorption isotherm, which can be used to size a hemoperfusion cartridge. Abstract The removal...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527708
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... with a technique to eliminate exposure. Polymyxin is bound and immobilized to fibers within a cartridge and administered as an extracorporeal therapy via veno-venous hemoperfusion. Clinical evidence of its use is plentiful yet inconsistent in studies based on an outcome for mortality at 28 days. Herein, we...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527338
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
.... Hemoperfusion is a blood purification technique, which relies on mass separation by a solid agent (hemoadsorption). It can be performed by adding a cartridge filled with adsorptive sorbent in the extracorporeal circuit. These devices have the theoretical advantage to enable the removal of excess pro- and anti...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527583
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... the effectiveness and risk of various hemoperfusion techniques in the context of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection including HA330, CytoSorb, Polymyxin, oXiris, and Seraph 100 cartridges. Because inconsistencies exist between studies, there is currently no consensus regarding the use of hemoperfusion in patients...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000526729
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... cartridge. Double plasma molecular adsorption system adds a broad-spectrum adsorption column for the removal of inflammatory mediators and antibodies and other medium toxins. Their use in the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia has been established with several emerging data indicating their efficacy when...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529904
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... conditions might rely on the enhanced mediator clearance warranted by these techniques. This review will describe the application of hemadsorption in children, the available cartridges, the clinical results available in the pediatric setting, and the potential future uses. Abstract Application...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000528056
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... explain why more technical research needs to be conducted ex vivo and in large animals to understand the performance characteristics of hemoadsorption sorbent cartridge, including optimal blood flow, optimal anticoagulation, and optimal duration of application. Finally, we focus on the need to develop...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000527339
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
..., pre-operative measurement and marking, and special tattoo machines, cartridges, microblades and needles. Personal protective equipment used to prevent infections among technicians and customers are also illustrated. Educational tools, such as face phantoms and eyebrow mats, are displayed. Mastering...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526046
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
...), microblading, and medical micropigmentation. The major consumer risks related to unsafe tattoo and PMU equipment are reconsidered. Such health risks mainly include the danger of non-sterile needles or needle cartridges, cross contamination of equipment and lack of biocompatibility. Even though state-of-the-art...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527707
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... of endotoxins, this segment represents a target site for adsorption with different therapies [ 4 ]. Adsorption Devices for Endotoxins Toraymyxin (Toray Industries, Tokyo, Japan): cartridge containing immobilized polymyxin B covalently bound to a polystyrene-polypropylene fiber (shown in Fig.  2 ) [ 5...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527953
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... with hemodialysis (HP + HD) has been carried out using a cartridge called HA130 (Jafron Biomedical Co., Ltd., Zhuhai City, China) combined with different types of hemodialyzers. The cartridge has demonstrated low resistance to flow, making it possible to place it in the HD circuit before the hemodialyzer without...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526194
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
.... They are handled and collected by local environmental waste collectors and disposed of accordingly. Commercial Cartridges and Tattoo Needles in Use Cosmetic tattoo needles come in two variations (Fig.  1 ) Fig. 1. Examples of needles used for cosmetic and medical tattooing. Hygienic cartridges (left...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
.... Vancomycin adsorption during in vitro model of hemoperfusion with mini-module of HA380 cartridge. Blood Purif. 2022 Sep 12:1–9. 8. Lorenzin A, Neri M, de Cal M, Pajarin G, Mansi Montenegro G, Savastano S, et al. Fluid dynamics analysis by CT imaging technique of new sorbent cartridges for extracorporeal...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 167
Published: 02 June 2010
10.1159/000315926
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9485-1
... Abstract Since 1994, a polystyrene fiber cartridge used for extracorporeal hemoperfusion, to which polymyxin B is bound and immobilized, has been used in septic patients in order to absorb and remove circulating lipopolysaccharide, thereby neutralizing the effects of this endotoxin...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
..., Moriyon I, Koch MH, et al. Enhancement of endotoxin neutralization by coupling of a C12-alkyl chain to a lactoferricin-derived peptide. Biochem J. 2005;385(Pt 1):135–43. 14. Tani T, Shoji H, Guadagni G, Perego A. Extracorporeal removal of endotoxin: the polymyxin B-immobilized fiber cartridge. Contrib...