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carboxylate

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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 18
Published: 22 October 2001
10.1159/000061649
EISBN: 978-3-318-00704-6
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517711
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
..., sodium perfluoro-1-hexanesulfonate, perfluoro-n-nonanoic acid, and perfluoro-n-decanoic acid. Unfortunately, the novel replacement compounds (e.g., perfluoroether carboxylic acid) are unregulated, and they are not under study. PFCS are linked with an impaired kidney function: the kidney is a target...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000342372
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... Abstract Glycolysis involves the oxidation of two neutral hydroxyl groups on each glycosyl (or glucosyl) unit metabolised, yielding two carboxylic acid groups. During low-intensity exercise these, along with the remainder of the carbon skeleton, are further oxidised to CO 2 and water...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223783
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... and the glutathione precursor L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic (OTZ), both showing antioxidant capabilities, are also promising agents that deserve to be further explored. Acute osmotic stress provokes different modes of cell death. In the long-term mesothelial cells adapt to the hypertonic environment, at least from...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 42
Published: 04 May 2006
10.1159/000092550
EISBN: 978-3-318-01317-7
... transcriptionfactor binding sites; presumably, such complexity governs developmental timing andregional connexin expression patterns. The structure of cardiac connexin proteins indicatefour primarily α-helical transmembrane domains, cytoplasmic amino and carboxyl terminiand a cytoplasmic loop, all of which contain...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 November 1982
10.1159/000430628
EISBN: 978-3-318-04413-3
...-nitroso compounds, including 4-(dimethylamino)nitrosobenzene. The specificity of the reaction was concluded to be due to the combined requirements of an aldehyde carbonyl group in order to form an initial adduct with the nitroso group, and a carboxylate group to force the reaction to completion upon loss...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 November 1982
10.1159/000430634
EISBN: 978-3-318-04413-3
... postadministration. In vitro studies showed effectiveness over a wide range of physiologic pH. The formo derivative was the most toxic compound. The therapeutically most favorable compound was the aceto derivative. The metabolic pathway was through reduction to amide, hydrolyzed to the carboxylic acid and ultimately...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 8
Published: 10 May 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-07054-5
..., Boss JM, Pohl J. The neuron-specific protein PGP 9.5 is an ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase. Science. 1989;246:670–3. 21. Wilkinson KD, Tashayev VL, O’Connor LB, Larsen CN, Kasperek E, Pickart CM. Metabolism of the polyubiquitin degradation signal: structure, mechanism, and role...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 10
Published: 29 April 1981
10.1159/000396303
EISBN: 978-3-318-03447-9
... epidermal keratin. Generally, the α-keratin polypeptides of the diseased epidermis differed from those of uninvolved epidermis or of normal volunteers in having varying numbers of polypeptide components of lower molecular weights, numerous free amino-terminal and increased numbers of carboxyl-terminal amino...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491842
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... results. Hydroxy acids (HAs) are no strangers to the world of cosmeceuticals, as they have been widely used for decades for a variety of reasons on the skin. Alpha HA (AHA), a naturally occurring compound found in many fruits, is a carboxylic acid with one hydroxyl group attached to the alpha...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 28
Published: 11 June 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05467-5
... in plasma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1968;28:1037-1047. 12. Rosenblatt M, Segre GV, Tregear GW, Shepard GL, Tyler GA, Potts JT Jr: Human parathyroid hormone: synthesis and chemical, biological, and immunological evaluation of the carboxyl-terminal region. Endocrinology 1978;103:978-984. 13. Kaji H...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... A: Pyrrolidone carboxylic acid and the skin (in French). Int J Cosmet Sci 1981;3:101–113. 24. Rawlings AV, Harding CR: Moisturization and skin barrier function. Dermatol Ther 2004;17(suppl 1):43–48. 25. Fowler J: Understanding the role of natural moisturizing factor in skin hydration. Pract Dermatol...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 8
Published: 10 May 2022
10.1159/000522462
EISBN: 978-3-318-07054-5
...-ubiquitinating enzymes. The latter are subdivided into two gene families, ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolases (UCHs) and ubiquitin-specific processing proteases [ 18 ]. The UCHs are responsible for the removal of small peptide fragments from the ubiquitin chain and for co-translational processing of ubiquitin...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 17
Published: 30 July 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-02461-6
... of bonelike apatite layer on a substrate by a biomimetic process. J Am Ceram Soc 1995;78:1049-1053. 27. Kawashita M, Nakao M, Minoda M, Kim HM, Beppu T, Miyamoto T, Kokubo T, Nakamura T: Apatite-forming ability of carboxyl group-containing polymer gels in a simulated body fluid. Biomaterials 2003;24:2477...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 50
Published: 20 April 2018
EISBN: 978-3-318-06339-4
..., Bouxsein ML, Glatt V, Zajac JD, Danks JA: Intermittent Fugu parathyroid hormone 1 (1-34) is an anabolic bone agent in young male rats and osteopenic ovariectomized rats. Bone 2008;42:1164-1174. 6. Divieti P, Geller AI, Suliman G, Juppner H, Bringhurst FR: Receptors specific for the carboxyl-terminal...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491846
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
.... The NMF is composed principally of free amino acids and various derivatives of these amino acids, such as pyrrolidone carboxylic acid, urocanic acid, a natural absorber of UV light, and inorganic salts, sugars, as well as lactic acid and urea [ 22 , 23 ]. The inorganic salts identified include...