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carbohydrate

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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 189
Published: 22 December 2016
10.1159/000451045
EISBN: 978-3-318-05929-8
... Abstract Background: Carbohydrate counting used in dietary therapy for diabetes is based on the concept that the postprandial rise in blood glucose levels is primarily affected by ingested carbohydrates. This method has been widely accepted and used since 1993, when its usefulness...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 19
Published: 27 January 2015
10.1159/000368108
EISBN: 978-3-318-02799-0
... oral glucose tolerance test); DM2 = diabetes mellitus type 2, defined by an impaired fasting glucose (IFG) >7 and/or a 2 h oral glucose tolerance test result >11.1 mmol/l; CH = carbohydrate; CVCluster = two or three cardiovascular clusters; 1Risk = risk of accumulation of two or more...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 24
Published: 17 November 2014
10.1159/000363519
EISBN: 978-3-318-02337-4
... Abstract A flexible therapy for type 1 diabetes based on carbohydrate counting and insulin dose adjustment can promote glycemic control and quality of life without worsening severe hypoglycemia or cardiovascular risk. The complexity of the standard education required by the flexible therapy can...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 75
Published: 15 August 2013
10.1159/000345820
EISBN: 978-3-318-02333-6
... Abstract Carbohydrate intake during prolonged exercise has been shown to increase endurance capacity and improve performance. Until recently, the advice was to ingest 30-60 g of carbohydrate per hour. The upper limit was based on studies that demonstrated that intakes greater than 60-70 g/h...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329268
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... Abstract Carbohydrate feeding has been shown to enhance endurance performance. During exercise of 2 h or more, the delivery of carbohydrates to the muscle is the crucial step and appears to be limited by intestinal absorption. It is therefore important to identify ways to overcome...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329279
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... and cons of training with low carbohydrate within a periodized training program. Introduction In 1858 [ 1 ], Claude Bernard reported the successful isolation of carbohydrate from liver and muscle. This discovery began a century and half of research aimed at determining the function and clinical...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329283
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... availability per se provides a ‘trigger’ for adaptation. Consumption of low-carbohydrate, high- fat diets in the face of endurance training alters patterns of fuel utilization and subsequent exercise responses. Human studies show how low-carbohydrate, fat-rich diets interact with specific contractile stimulus...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219373
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... correspond to its chemoreceptors for PTS carbohydrates, and several targeting subunits, which include in the low [G + C] Gram-positive bacteria an ancillary Ser/Thr-protein kinase. The PTS senses the presence of carbohydrates, in particular glucose, in the medium and the energy state of the cell, in the form...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 33
Published: 11 March 2004
10.1159/000077929
EISBN: 978-3-318-01051-0
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 46
Published: 08 October 2003
10.1159/000074367
EISBN: 978-3-318-00996-5
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 5
Published: 07 May 2001
10.1159/000061842
EISBN: 978-3-318-00651-3
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Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 38
Published: 07 October 1993
10.1159/000422644
EISBN: 978-3-318-03952-8
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