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Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 2
Published: 24 September 1999
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-00441-0
EISBN: 978-3-318-00441-0
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516710
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... Enteral nutrition Inflammatory bowel disease Treatment Exclusive enteral nutrition Exclusion diets Key Messages Increasing incidence of inflammatory bowel disease parallels the westernization of diet. According to European guidelines exclusive enteral nutrition is the first...
Book
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485723
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... Abstract Background: Idiopathic acute-on-chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract is an etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is a nonpharmacological treatment tool for patients with IBD. Here, we present a review...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 32
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475731
EISBN: 978-3-318-05974-8
... in these pathologies but also being a target of inflammatory processes. This review presents data on the interrelation of incretins and inflammatory signaling. It focuses on the impact of intestinal inflammation, in particular inflammatory bowel disease, on EEC and the potential role of EEC and incretins...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Fast Facts Collection 2016
Published: 17 October 2016
10.1159/isbn.978-1-910797-16-7
EISBN: 978-1-910797-16-7
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 82
Published: 02 November 2015
10.1159/000382005
EISBN: 978-3-318-05499-6
... Abstract In this review, I focus on the extreme of the short bowel syndrome where the loss of intestine is so great that patients cannot survive without intravenous feeding. This condition is termed short bowel intestinal failure. The review outlines the principles behind diagnosis, assessing...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434672
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... for patients to require surgical intervention. Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) presents an alternative for patients with bowel dysfunction combining proven therapeutic benefits and limited surgical risks. Here we describe the common indications for SNS, patient selection, technical details of the procedure...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381380
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract TNF-α is a crucial cytokine in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) because anti-TNF-α therapy very effectively mitigates the disease. Inhibiting TNF-α induces not only the suppression of inflammation but also mucosal healing, suggesting that TNF-α may be involved in the mucosal damage...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381386
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... ]. Alterations of the Intestinal Barrier in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and the Function of TNF In the intestinal mucosa, TNF-α is synthesized by various lamina propria cells, including macrophages and T cells, and by IECs themselves. To generate soluble TNF, membrane-bound TNF is cleaved off...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381409
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract A characteristic feature of active inflammatory bowel disease is the infiltration of innate and adaptive immune cells into the intestinal lamina propria. This complex mixture of a broad variety of cells should ensure that inflammatory responses to invading pathogens are sufficient...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381578
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract Inter-individual differences in responses and remission rates have been observed in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases treated with TNF antagonists. These differences, together with the risk of loss of response in patients initially responding to treatment, have led researchers...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381593
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract Anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF) therapy has been demonstrated to be efficacious in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. The use of anti-TNF agents has therefore increased over the past decade. While anti-TNF therapy is associated with significant benefits...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381607
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... Abstract The introduction of biological tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors has transformed the paradigm for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), i.e. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The specific TNF inhibitors currently approved for patients with IBD are infliximab...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381610
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... as well as larger retrospective studies have also shown excellent responses and remission rates and very good tolerabilities of retreatment with the same anti-TNF agents, particularly when patients are concomitantly treated with an immunosuppressant. Introduction Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-05474-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000360339
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... Short bowel syndrome Intestinal adaptation Protracted diarrhea of infancy Parenteral nutrition Feeding, oral, enteral Breast milk Long-chain fatty acid-containing formulas Medium-chain triglycerides Hydrolyzed protein formulas Amino acid formulas Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000360345
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... Enteral nutrition Inflammatory bowel disease Growth Treatment Key Messages • Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is an alternative to drug therapy in inducing remission in active Crohn disease • In the treatment of active Crohn disease either elemental or polymeric formulae should...