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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510196
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The pH value of a biofilm influences the pathogenesis and therapy of oral diseases such as caries and periodontitis. This study aimed to investigate the influence of different initial pH values on the microbial composition, bacterial counts, metabolic activity, and quantity of three...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510197
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract More than 700 microbial species inhabit the complex environment of the oral cavity. For years microorganisms have been studied in pure cultures, a highly artificial situation because microorganisms in natural habitats grow as complex ecologies, termed biofilms. These resemble...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510198
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract When analyzing the activity of antimicrobial agents, it should be considered that microorganisms mainly occur in biofilms. Data obtained for planktonic bacteria cannot be transferred non-critically to biofilms. Biofilm models should consider both the relevant microorganisms...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510201
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The formation of a physiological biofilm cannot be avoided under normal circumstances. However, the consequences of a supragingivally located biofilm, such as caries, gingivitis and, as a further effect, periodontitis, are relatively easy to avoid. The simplest and most common method...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510202
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The intraoral biofilm requires mechanical removal due to its physical properties. When exposed to the biofilm, interdental areas need special devices to be used. The most effective ones and the first choice are interdental brushes. However, they may not be adequate in the case of very...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510203
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
.... mutans and S. sobrinus , synthesize the metabolite citrulline and increase the pH of the environment. In defined multispecies biofilms consisting of ADS-positive and ADS-negative streptococci, supplementation with 1.5% arginine suppressed the growth of ADS-negative by favoring ADS-positive streptococci...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510185
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... disease periodontitis. The main focus of such measurements lies on an optimal biofilm management which can be divided into professional biofilm management and home care measurements. Since home care mechanical measurements such as toothbrushing and interdental cleaning are often insufficient...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510187
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
..., the focus of periodontal treatment was on the removal of the supposed cause of periodontal disease, the supra- and supragingival calculus and “infected” root cementum. The findings on the importance of biofilm<A51_FootRef>1</A51_FootRef> (plaque) and the endogenous responses to biofilm...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510193
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract Dental biofilms can cause major oral diseases like gingivitis, periodontitis, and caries. Orthodontic appliances promote supra- and subgingival biofilm accumulation, alter the oral microbiome, and hamper oral hygiene. Orthodontic treatment can be associated with adverse effects...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510194
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The activity of mouthwash ingredients used in daily oral care (chlorhexidine digluconate, benzalkonium chloride, povidone iodine solution, tea tree oil) and of nystatin was evaluated not only on planktonic Candida albicans or C. glabrata , but also on the inhibition of biofilm...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479348
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract As the thick biofilm in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates is the main etiological factor of dental caries, the frequent and systematic removal of this colony by means of an effective biofilm control should result in the prevention of caries lesions or in the arrest of the local...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329667
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the oral cavity initiated by a microbial biofilm (or ‘dental plaque’). Subgingival biofilms in periodontal pockets are not easily analyzed without the loss of structural integrity. These subgingival plaques are structured communities...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329669
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract The human subgingival environment is a complex environmental niche where microorganisms from the three domains of life meet to form diverse biofilm communities that exist in close proximity to the host. Bacteria constitute the most abundant, diverse and ultimately well-studied...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329670
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract This chapter addresses the host responses to the microbial biofilm that constitutes the subgingival dental plaque. The host response to infection draws upon the innate, inflammatory and adaptive immune systems, whose role is to provide the appropriate response to the offending...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329674
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract The subgingival dental plaque is a microbial biofilm consisting of highly variable bacterial microcolonies embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance. In contrast to microorganisms growing in a planktonic state, the inhabitants of a biofilm...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/000096814
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
... Abstract Biofilms are microbial communities quite different from planktonic cells and most ofcommon microbiological concepts had to be updated in recent years. The peculiar capacity toresist to disinfectants and antibiotics results in biofilms being a public health problem mainlywhen modern...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 12
Published: 30 September 2004
10.1159/000081692
EISBN: 978-3-318-01116-6
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510184
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract In reality, most microorganisms are not free floating. They exist in biofilms, a community of many of them from the same species or from other genera and attached to surfaces. Microorganisms undergo a transition from free-floating, planktonic microorganisms to a sessile, surface...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06852-8
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8