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Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/000510417
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
... Abstract There is currently enormous interest in the impact of the intestinal microbiota on the development and function of the brain via activity of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. It has long been recognised that symbiotic microorganisms influence host behaviour, but in recent years evidence...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
10.1159/000434737
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... Abstract Increasing evidence supports the involvement of both heritable and environmental risk factors in suicidal behaviour (SB). Gene-environment interaction (G × E) studies may be useful for elucidating the role of biological mechanisms in the risk for mental disorders. In the present...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
10.1159/000434738
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... abuse, can have a significant impact on an individual's susceptibility to suicide and suicidal behaviours. While most individuals who display suicidal behaviour do not have a history of early-life adversity, a significant minority of up to 40%, depending on the type of abuse, frequency and suicide...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
10.1159/000434739
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... Abstract Suicidal behaviour has been investigated at sociological, clinical, genetic, cellular, and molecular levels. More recently, neuropsychological and brain imaging studies have been conducted to improve our understanding of this complex behaviour. Here, we review the growing number...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
10.1159/000434743
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... from numerous studies that have investigated paroxysmal EEG dysrhythmias such as small sharp spikes and other abnormal sleep parameters (rapid-eye movement latency and duration) in relation to suicidal behaviour. We then outline why changes in EEG patterns in response to a range of aural and visual...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 178
Published: 01 February 2013
10.1159/000342029
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9989-4
... Abstract Suicide is usually conceptualized as a men’s issue. In this chapter, we present evidence on prevalence of suicidal behaviour in women, an overview of selected theories to explain women’s suicidal behaviour, evidence on the correlation between violence and suicide, and a review...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 22
Published: 22 May 2007
10.1159/000102873
EISBN: 978-3-318-01450-1
... Abstract The effect of brain injury and disease on the output of established artists is an object ofmuch study and debate. The emergence of de novo artistic behaviour following such injury ordisease, while very rare, has been recorded in cases of frontotemporal dementia, epilepsy,subarachnoid...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 22
Published: 08 August 2003
10.1159/000073164
EISBN: 978-3-318-00987-3
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