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balance

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Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 52
Published: 05 June 2008
10.1159/000134290
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8490-6
... Abstract Background/Aims: In addition to environmental factors, deteriorating sensorimotorcontrol of balance will predispose older adults to falls. Understanding the aging effects onsensorimotor control of balance performance is important for designing fall prevention programsfor older adults...
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Book
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 111
Published: 18 November 2014
10.1159/000362291
EISBN: 978-3-318-02667-2
... Adiposity Body mass index Body fat Body composition Energy balance Key Messages • Changes in weight and height over time are critical parameters for detecting health-related energy imbalances. • Current adult adiposity can be evaluated using body mass index (BMI). The healthy...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358459
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
.... The energy in these substrates is converted to ATP by oxidation in mitochondria or lost as heat production. Energy for maintaining vital functions, including storage and growth, is produced by hydrolysis of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) to ADP (adenosine diphosphate). Dietary energy intake is balanced...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000341958
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... the rehydration success of the drink. It is well known that addition of sodium and some other nutrients to rehydration drinks enhances fluid balance restoration after exercise, but the effects of milk proteins have been less well documented. Skimmed milk is an effective post-exercise rehydration solution...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329288
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
... ], 32 obese adults were maintained on balanced energy deficit diets (500 kcal/day deficit) and randomized to control (0-1 serving/day and 400-500 mg Ca/day supplemented with placebo), high-calcium (control diet supplemented with 800 mg Ca/day), or high-dairy (3-4 servings of dairy foods, primarily milk...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327785
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... that has dominated the changes in the food supply [ 27 - 29 ]. An absolute and relative change of omega- 6/omega- 3 in the food supply of western societies has occurred over the last 150 years. A balance existed between omega- 6 and omega- 3 for millions of years during the long evolutionary history...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327792
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... and people are shifting their preferences to energy- dense foods that are rich in saturated fats and sugars and poor in phytochemicals, antioxidants, dietary fiber and omega- 3 fatty acids. Omega- 6/Omega- 3 Balance in the Chilean Diet In order to evaluate the omega- 6/omega- 3 balance in the Chilean...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327796
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... high content in easily peroxidizable long-chain PUFA and, on the other hand, of the high level of in-site production of free radicals. In AD patients, the accumulation of β-amyloid protein is associated with increased free radical production and increased lipoperoxidation [ 27 ]. A balance between...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 55
Published: 29 September 2010
10.1159/000321977
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9559-9
... on growth factors differ from systemic effects. Total caloric intake as well as macronutrient content, consumption and timing influence the anabolic and inflammatory response to training. Finally, changes in the balance of anabolic and catabolic hormones and inflammatory mediators during the training season...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313722
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... Abstract In critically ill patients, fluid balance management is an integral part of the process of care. In patients in shock or severe sepsis, aggressive initial fluid resuscitation has been shown to improve overall prognosis. However, in critically ill patients, cumulative fluid accumulation...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 63
Published: 10 December 2009
10.1159/000264397
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9301-4
... signaling pathways. The degree to which such changes in nutrient availability have the capacity to modify energy balance varies across nutrient type. The underlying mechanisms through which various nutrients affect food intake and overall energy balance involve both specific and shared neuronal substrates...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 20
Published: 24 November 2009
10.1159/000262666
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9276-5
... the mitogenic activity of VEGF by inducing apoptosis of activated endothelial cells during neovascularization [ 7 ]. These findings placed PEDF among the most potent natural inhibitors of angiogenesis. Since then, many laboratories have focused on determining whether there is a physiological balance in levels...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 66
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000218207
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9036-5
... Abstract Loss of auditory and vestibular hair cells is a common cause of hearing loss and balance disorders. A variety of strategies have been proposed to restore function to damaged inner ear neuroepithelium. Delivery of the atonal homolog, atoh1, has been demonstrated to induce recovery...
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