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Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/000510419
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
... disorders and metabolic diseases. An important method by which the gut microbiome can influence the gut-brain axis is through microbial production of psychoactive metabolites. Several bacteria have been shown to produce metabolites which can impact host health, such as short-chain fatty acids, conjugated...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 28
Published: 07 January 2020
10.1159/000455377
EISBN: 978-3-318-06517-6
... studies with caries development as the primary outcome while more studies have been focusing on control of caries risk factors or so-called surrogate outcomes. Several studies have evaluated the effects of probiotic bacteria on MS in saliva and/or plaque, and a number of probiotic strains show ability...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 42
Published: 10 April 2014
10.1159/000358315
EISBN: 978-3-318-02639-9
.... The possible involvement of the ‘microbiota-gut-brain' axis in the development of obesity is further discussed, as is the perspective of meta-omic technologies that give insight into the functions and potential effect of the non-cultured intestinal bacteria on the host health. Understanding how modifications...
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Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02325-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329675
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... involve the development of a pathogenic biofilm, invasion of connective tissue by bacteria or their products, induction of a destructive host response in connective tissue and limitation of are pair process that follows tissue breakdown. Animal studies can test hypotheses related to each of these steps...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 17
Published: 31 May 2011
10.1159/000324008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9711-1
... sepsis is a life-threatening complication of these events. This review discusses the virulence factors of common Gram-negative bacteria causing human sepsis with a focus on Neisseria meningitidis . Adherence, motility, colonization and cell entry involve bacterial pili, flagella and outer membrane...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219371
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... Abstract Cell-cell communication in bacteria, called quorum sensing, relies on production, release, and detection of signaling molecules, termed autoinducers. Communication enables populations of cells to synchronize gene expression and therefore behave as a group in a manner akin to cells...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219372
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... broadenstheir perspective to include other species of bacteria, then our knowledge of chemotaxis is far less developed. In particular, the chemotaxis pathways in unrelated species are quite different despite the conservation of many core signaling proteins. Here, we summarize the current state of knowledge...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219374
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... Abstract Bacteria have developed several mechanisms which allow the preferred utilization of the most efficiently metabolizable carbohydrates when these organisms are exposed to a mixture of carbon sources. Interestingly, the same or similar mechanisms are used by some pathogens to control...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 62
Published: 12 August 2008
10.1159/000146322
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8554-5
... gut microflora. This function was tested by purifying human milk oligosaccharidesand providing these as the sole carbon source to various intestinal bacteria. Indeed,the selectively of providing the complex mixture of oligosaccharides pooled from humanmilk samples is remarkable. Among a variety...
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Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 8
Published: 04 October 2001
10.1159/000060411
EISBN: 978-3-318-00696-4
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Series: Current Studies in Hematology and Blood Transfusion
Volume: 59
Published: 17 December 1991
10.1159/000429608
EISBN: 978-3-318-03529-2
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 8
Published: 08 February 1991
10.1159/000419438
EISBN: 978-3-318-03690-9
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